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Wymund d' Avranches, II

Wymund d' Avranches, II

Male Abt 1017 - Abt 1109  (~ 92 years)

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  • Name Wymund d' Avranches 
    Suffix II 
    Known as Guitmonde 
    Born Abt 1017 
    Gender Male 
    Died Abt 1109 
    Notes 
    • The Book of Hougham (MHP) shows Wymund to be the son of Hrolf. However Wymund's dates - died 1109 (identified after publication of the Book of Hougham) - would seem to make this improbable. This is possibly Sur Guillaume Werlene Comte d' Avranches.
      In a letter from the Dean of the faculty of Letters of Caen University, this Guillaume was father of William d' Avranches and was installed as Comte d' Avranches by William of Normandy in 1040.

      From the Complete Peerage vol 4 page 317: Guitmond is the father of William d' Avranches

      Planche A Corner of Kent p260.................... "
      AVRANCHES.
      Contemporary with the Conqueror we find a William d' Avranches who was, according to Ordericus Vitalis, the son of Guitmond, Witmund, or Wymond, and cousin (i.e. blood relation) to Richard, surnamed Goz, father of Hugh d' Avranches, the famous Earl of Chester. The exact degree of relationship has yet to be proved; but it is no part of our present inquiry, and we shall not, therefore, encumber ourselves and our readers with more questions than are absolutely necessary.

      William d' Avranches is not named in Domesday, but he appears to have been one of eight knights intrusted by John de Fiennes with the wardship of Dover Castle. There is some reason to believe that his wife was Emma, (according to others, Alicia - she was the widow of William Avenel, by whom she had Ralph Avenel, Baron of Okehampton, who married Matilda, daughter of Baldwin de Redvers, Earl of Devon) a daughter of Baldwin de Brionne, Viscomte or Sheriff of Devonshire: but whoever might be his wife, by her he had a son, named Rualo or Ruallon, (and another, supposed to be the elder, named Robert, the adopted heir of his uncle, Richard de Brionne, and who recovered from his half-brother Ralph Avenel the barony of Okehampton) tto whom Henry I gave in marriage Matilda, the only child of Nigel de Muneville by his wife Emma d'Arques, and heiress of Folkestone. (She survived her husband, and gave to the church of St. Andrew, Northampton, for the good of her soul, the souls of her father, her husband, and her sons, the manor of Sywell, in the county of Northampton. This gift was confirmed by her son William in 1147.-Mon.Ang.vol.i.p.680.)

      Guitmund (or Wymund or Witmund or Guitemonde or Wymcomde)
      A Bishop of Aversa, a Benedictine monk, theologian, and opponent of Berengarius; born at an unknown place in Normandy during the first quarter of the eleventh century; died between 1090- 95, at Aversa, near Naples. In his youth he entered the Benedictine monastery of La-Croix-St- Leufroy in the Diocese of Evreux, and about 1060 he was studying theology at the monastery of Bec, where he had Lanfranc as teacher and St. Anselm of Canterbury as fellow-student.

      In 1070 King William the Conqueror called him to England and, as an inducement to remain there, offered him a diocese. The humble monk, however, not only refused the offer, but fearlessly denounced the conquest of England by the Normans as an act of robbery ("Oratio ad Guillelmum I" in P. L., CXLIX, 1509). He then returned to Normandy and became a staunch defender of the Catholic doctrine of Transubstantiation against the heretical Berengarius of Tours.

      Some time between 1073-77 he wrote, at the instance of one of his fellow-monks by the name of Roger, his famous treatise on the Holy Eucharist, entitled "de corporis et sanguinis Jesu Christi veritate in Eucharistia". It is written in the form of a dialogue between himself and Roger and contains an exposition as well as a refutation of the doctrines of Berengarius concerning the Holy Eucharist. Guitmund ably defends Transubstantiation against Berengarius, but his notion of the manner of the Real Presence is obscure. Moreover, he does not well distinguish between substance and accident, and hence concludes that the corruptibility of the species is merely a deception of our senses. The work has often appeared in print. The first printed edition was brought out by Erasmus (Freiburg, 1530).

      Shortly after Guitmund had published his treatise against Berengarius, he obtained permission from his abbot, Odilo, to make a pilgrimage to Rome. Because the name Guitmund had become too well known to suit the humble monk, he exchanged it for that of Christianus and lived for some time in the obscurity of a Roman monastery . When Urban II, who had previously been a monk at Cluny, became pope, he appointed Guitmund Bishop of Aversa, near Naples, in 1088. A few historians hold that he afterwards became a cardinal, but there seems not to be sufficient evidence for this assumption.

      Besides the work mentioned above, Guitmund is the author of a short treatise on the Trinity and of an epistle to a certain Erfastus, which deals with the same subject. His works are published in "Bibl . Patr. Lugd.", XVIII, 440 sqq.; in Gallandi, "Bibl. veterum Patr.", XIV, 240 sqq., and Migne , "P. L.", CXLIX, 1427-1513.


      The following is taken from The Mullins Family in Europe website but weould appear to be a different Guitmund:

      Among these lords of a district in Normandy called Perche was one named Guismund (Guitmund), Seignieur de Moulins (Moulins-la-Marche). Guismund gained the feudal title through his fealty to Rollo's dynasty and his personal relationship as son-in-law to Walter of Falaise, who held title to Moulins-la-Marche (Mills-on-the-border).
      Descendants of this Guismund became known as the Famille de Moulins. In 1066, a son-in-law of Guismund II, a Guillame (William) de Moulins-la-Marche, accompanied William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, in the Battle of Hastings (depicted here oon the Bayeux Tapestry <../Media/normanknightsbayeuxtapestry.jpg> ) which added to his title of Duke of Normandy, also the title of King of England and gave rise to the Plantagenet dynasty. William de Moulins became a Comte (Count) of Perche, and inherited title to his father-in-law's lands at Moulins-la-Marche and Bonmoulins. (from watterson.freeuk.com - no longer available) )
      Even before William de Moulins fought the battle for England with William the Conqueror, there is another member of the family who is recorded in Normandy history. The record of Ursin de Moulins reveals the growing affinity between the former Norsemen and the Catholic Christianity of the Franks. Ursin de Moulins was probably a contemporary or a close descendant of Guitmund I, because Ursin de Moulins sold a large parcel of land near Caen in what is now Lower Normandy to Robert de Montgomery, a Norman noble who founded Troarn Abbey on the land which he bought from Ursin de Moulins about the year 1000 a.d., according to the records of the Comtes de Pontieu (Poitou??), 1026-1279. (For this information, I am indebted to a researcher whose genealogical work was located at comeaugen.com/research.htm but is no longer available)
    Person ID I2669  Roy~Royes | Hougham
    Last Modified 15 Aug 2016 

    Father Wymund d' Avranches, I
              b. Abt 998 
    Family ID F1400  Family Group  |  Family Chart

    Children 
    +1. William d' Avranches
              b. 1037-1047, Avranches, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1087, Okehampton, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years)
    Last Modified 28 Mar 2014 02:30:18 
    Family ID F976  Family Group  |  Family Chart

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