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Edward III, King of England 1327-1377

Edward III, King of England 1327-1377

Male 1312 - 1377  (64 years)

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  • Name Edward III  
    Suffix King of England 1327-1377 
    Born 13 Nov 1312  Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 21 Jun 1377  Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Aft 21 Jun 1377  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Edward III
    Edward III
    Notes 
    • Edward III was 14 when he was crowned King and assumed government in his own right in 1330. In 1337, Edward created the Duchy of Cornwall to provide the heir to the throne with an income independent of the sovereign or the state. An able soldier, and an inspiring leader, Edward founded the Order of the Garter in 1348.

      At the beginning of the Hundred Years War in 1337, actual campaigning started when the King invaded France in 1339 and laid claim to the throne of France. Following a sea victory at Sluys in 1340, Edward overran Brittany in 1342 and in 1346 he landed in Normandy, defeating the French King, Philip IV, at the Battle of Crécy and his son Edward (the Black Prince) repeated his success at Poitiers (1356). By 1360 Edward controlled over a quarter of France. His successes consolidated the support of the nobles, lessened criticism of the taxes, and improved relations with Parliament. However, under the 1375 Treaty of Bruges the French King, Charles V, reversed most of the English conquests; Calais and a coastal strip near Bordeaux were Edward's only lasting gain.

      Failure abroad provoked criticism at home. The Black Death plague outbreaks of 1348-9, 1361-2 and 1369 inflicted severe social dislocation (the King lost a daughter to the plague) and caused deflation; severe laws were introduced to attempt to ffix wages and prices. In 1376, the 'Good Parliament' (which saw the election of the first Speaker to represent the Commons) attacked the high taxes and criticised the King's advisers. The ageing King withdrew to Windsor for the rest of his reign, eventually dying at Sheen Palace, Surrey.
      [2]
    Person ID I2684  Roy~Royes
    Last Modified 21 Aug 2011 

    Father Edward II, King of England 1307-1327
              b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarfon, Gwynedd, Wales Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 21 Sep 1327, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 43 years) 
    Mother Isabella de France
              d. 1358 
    Family ID F985  Family Group  |  Family Chart

    Family Phillippa d' Hainault
              b. 24 Jun 1311
              d. 14 Aug 1369, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Children 
    +1. Edward, the Black Prince
              b. 15 Jun 1330, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 8 Jun 1376, Islington, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 45 years)
    +2. John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster
              b. 6 Mar 1340, Ghent, Flanders, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 3 Feb 1399  (Age 58 years)
     3. Isabella de Coucy
              b. 16 Jun 1332, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1379, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     4. Joan, of England
              b. 28 Jan 1334, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1 Jul 1348, Bordeaux, Gironde, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 14 years)
     5. Lionel of Antwerp
              b. 1338
              d. 1368  (Age 30 years)
     6. Edmund of Langley
              b. 1341, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1402  (Age 61 years)
     7. Mary Plantagenet
              b. 1344
              d. 1362  (Age 18 years)
     8. Margaret Plantagenet
              b. 1346
              d. 1361  (Age 15 years)
     9. Thomas of Woodstock
              b. 1355, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1397  (Age 42 years)
    Last Modified 5 Mar 2014 00:00:00 
    Family ID F984  Family Group  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 13 Nov 1312 - Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 21 Jun 1377 - Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Aft 21 Jun 1377 - Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S109] Bruce Roy, Inferred from other data in context.

    2. [S54] Official web site of the British Monarchy  Page66.