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Eleanor d' Aquitaine

Eleanor d' Aquitaine

Female 1122 - 1204  (82 years)

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  • Name Eleanor d' Aquitaine 
    Born 1122  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 1 Apr 1204  Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Aft 1 Apr 1204  Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Next to her husband Henry and son Richard
    Notes 
    • Eleanor of Aquitaine was one of the most powerful and fascinating personalities of feudal Europe. At age 15 she married Louis VII, King of France, bringing into the union her vast possessions from the River Loire to the Pyrenees. Only a few years later, at age 19, she knelt in the cathedral of Vézelay before the celebrated Abbé Bernard of Clairvaux offering him thousands of her vassals for the Second Crusade. It was said that Queen Eleanor appeared at Vézelay dressed like an Amazon galloping through the crowds on a white horse, urging them to join the crusades.

      While the church may have been pleased to receive her thousand fighting vassals, they were less happy when they learned that Eleanor, attended by 300 of her ladies, also planned to go to help "tend the wounded."

      The presence of Eleanor, her ladies and wagons of female servants, was criticized by commentators throughout her adventure. Dressed in armor and carrying lances, the women never fought. And when they reached the city of Antioch, Eleanor found herself deep in a renewed friendship with Raymond, her uncle, who had been appointed prince of the city. Raymond, only a few years older than Eleanor, was far more interesting and handsome than Eleanor's husband, Louis. When Raymond decided that the best strategic objective of the Crusade would be to recapture Edessa, thus protecting the Western presence in the Holy Land, Eleanor sided with his view. Louis, however, was fixated on reaching Jerusalem, a less sound goal. Louis demanded that Eleanor follow him to Jerusalem. Eleanor, furious, announced to one and all that their marriage was not valid in the eyes of God, for they were related through some family connections to an extent prohibited by the Church. Wounded by her claim, Louis nonetheless forced Eleanor to honor her marriage vows and ride with him. The expedition did fail, and a defeated Eleanor and Louis returned to France in separate ships.

      On her way home, while resting in Sicily, Eleanor was brought the news that her fair haired uncle had been killed in battle, and his head delivered to the Caliph of Baghdad. Although her marriage to Louis continued for a time, and she bore him two daughters, the relationship was over. In 1152 the marriage was annulled and her vast estates reverted to Eleanor's control. Within a year, at age thirty, she married twenty year old Henry who two years later became king of England.

      In the papal bull for the next Crusade, it expressly forbade women of all sorts to join the expedition. All the Christian monarchs, including King Louis, agreed to this. But by this time Eleanor had problems of her own in her marriage to King Henry II of England.
      --http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/heroine2.html

      See also
      http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/EofAreturns.html
      http://www.lynnabbey.com/html/eleanor_of_aquitaine.htm
      http://www.royalty.nu/Europe/England/Angevin/Eleanor.html
      http://ut.essortment.com/eleanoraquitain_rehd.htm
    Person ID I2695  Roy~Royes
    Last Modified 28 Apr 2015 

    Father William, Duke of Aquitane
              b. Abt 1099
              d. Abt 1137, Compostella, Galicia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 38 years) 
    Mother Aenor de Chatellerault
              b. Abt 1103, Chatellerault, Vienne, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 19 Apr 1137, Compostella, Galicia, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 34 years) 
    Married 1121 
    Family ID F1081  Family Group  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Louis VII, King of France (1137-1180)
              b. Abt 1120
              d. 18 Sep 1180, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 60 years) 
    Married 1137 
    Divorced 21 Mar 1152 
    Last Modified 28 Mar 2014 02:30:18 
    Family ID F1456  Family Group  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Henry II Plantagenet, King of England, Duke of Normandy
              b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 6 Jul 1189, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeaux, Gironde, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Bordeaux Cathedral
    Children 
     1. Henry the Younger
              b. 25 Feb 1155, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 11 Jun 1183, Castle of Martel, Lot, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 28 years)
     2. Richard the Lionheart Plantagenet, King of England, Duke of Normandy
              b. 8 Sep 1157, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 6 Apr 1199, Chalus, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 41 years)
     3. Geoffrey Plantagenet, Duke of Brittany
              b. 1158
              d. 1186  (Age 28 years)
    +4. John, Duke of Normandy & King of England (1199-1216)
              b. 24 Dec 1167, Beaumont, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)
     5. Matilda, Duchess of Saxony
              b. 1156, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 28 Jun 1189, Brunswick, Lower Saxony Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 33 years)
    Last Modified 28 Mar 2014 02:30:18 
    Family ID F990  Family Group  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1122 - France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 18 May 1152 - Bordeaux, Gironde, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1 Apr 1204 - Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Aft 1 Apr 1204 - Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set