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Louis VII, King of France (1137-1180)

Louis VII, King of France (1137-1180)

Male Abt 1120 - 1180  (~ 60 years)

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  • Name Louis VII  
    Suffix King of France (1137-1180) 
    Born Abt 1120 
    Gender Male 
    Died 18 Sep 1180  Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • AKA Louis The Younger,  French Louis Le Jeune  Capetian king of France who pursued a long rivalry, marked by recurrent warfare and continuous intrigue, with Henry II of England.

      In 1131 Louis was anointed as successor to his father, Louis VI, and in 1137 he became the sole ruler at his father's death. Louis married Eleanor, daughter of William X, duke of Aquitaine, in 1137, a few days before his effective rule began, and he thus temporarily extended the Capetian lands to the Pyrenees. Louis continued his father's pacification program by building the prestige of the kingship through an administrative government based on trustworthy men of humble origin and by cconsolidating his rule over his royal domains rather than by adding new acquisitions. From 1141 to 1143 he was involved in a fruitless conflict with Count Thibaut of Champagne and the papacy. But thereafter his relations with the popes were good; Alexander II, whom he supported against Frederick Barbarossa, took refuge in France. But the major threat to his reign came from Geoffrey, count of Anjou and, briefly, of Normandy, and Geoffrey's son Henry, who later (1154) became King Henry II of England as well as ruler of both Anjou and Normandy. After Louis repudiated his wife Eleanor for misconduct on March 21, 1152, she married Henry, who then took over control of Aquitaine. Ironically, this act was probably to Capetian advantage because Aquitaine might have drained the resources of Louis's kingdom while bringing him little revenue. After the death of Louis's second wife, he married Alix of Champagne, whose Carolingian blood brought added prestige to the monarchy (1160); their son became Philip II Augustus.

      Louis might have defeated Henry if he had made concerted attacks rather than weak assaults on Normandy in 1152. Anglo-Norman family disputes saved Louis's kingdom from severe incursions during the many conflicts that Louis had with Henry betweeen 1152 and 1174. Louis was helped by the quarrel (1164–70) between Henry and Thomas Becket, archbishop of Canterbury, and a revolt (1173–74) of Henry's sons. Suger, abbot of Saint-Denis, who acted as regent in 1147–49 while Louis was away on the Second Crusade, is the primary historian for Louis's reign.
      -- Encyclopedia Britannica
    Person ID I4061  Roy~Royes
    Last Modified 12 Jul 2004 

    Family Eleanor d' Aquitaine
              b. 1122, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1 Apr 1204, Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Married 1137 
    Divorced 21 Mar 1152 
    Last Modified 28 Mar 2014 02:30:18 
    Family ID F1456  Family Group  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsDied - 18 Sep 1180 - Paris, Île-de-France, France Link to Google Earth
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