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Thomas Crossley

Thomas Crossley

Male 1846 - 1907  (60 years)

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Generation: 1

  1. 1.  Thomas Crossley was born on 26 Dec 1846 in Wollombi, NSW, Australia; was christened on 7 Mar 1847 in Colo, NSW, Australia (son of Thomas Crossley and Anne Bailey); died on 19 May 1907 in Maitland, NSW, Australia; was buried in Maitland, NSW, Australia.

    Notes:

    4 children

    Thomas married Living [Group Sheet]

    Children:
    1. Alan James Crossley
    2. Caroline Crossley

Generation: 2

  1. 2.  Thomas Crossley was born on 3 Feb 1802 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England; was christened on 10 Apr 1803 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England (son of Thomas Crossley and Mary Bandy); died on 29 Sep 1874 in Ellalong, NSW, Australia; was buried on 2 Oct 1874 in Wollombi, NSW, Australia.

    Other Events:

    • Convict: 28 Jul 1827, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England; larceny - seven years
    • Migration/Travel: 14 Jul 1828, Sydney, NSW, Australia; convict - S.S. Phoenix (date of departure)
    • Other Notes: 31 Dec 1832; Ticket of leave
    • Citizenship: 1834; Certificate of Freedom
    • Employment: 1842, MacDonald River, NSW, Australia; farmer

    Notes:

    Thomas had been transported in 1828 on the ‘Phoenix’ for his crimes. From records which included his Certificate of Freedom in 1834, he was convicted of Highway Robbery at the Lincoln Assizes 28 July 1827. His description was 5 feet 5 inches tall with dark ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, and light hazel eyes. We know these facts because the authorities of the time needed full description of any felons who absconded.
    Thomas Crossley was tried on July 28 1827 in Lincoln, England Convict record : AO NSW Ref-4/4013 page 9 COD Reel 398 Thomas Crossley aged 23 can read, protestant, batchelor, navigator and labourer. Tried for Highway Robbery at Lincoln, 7 years, 2nd offence. 5' 3/4", ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, light hazel eyes, scar of cut at right corner of mouth, scar on left forehead, toes next to the great and little ones of both feet are crooked. Disposed of to Thomas Johnson at Portland Head. Received T of L 32/1281, dated 31 Dec 1832. Thomas was allowed to remain in the district of Windsor, NSW. Thomas arr per PHOENIX (3) sailed from Spithead 7 March 1828, arrived SYDNEY 14 July 1828. State Records Ticket of Leave... Crossley/Thomas/34/1242/3 Oct 1834/Phoenix/1828/4/4324/Film 993/TL32/1281 Bench Making Recommendation..June 30 1832 NB. A James Crossley aged 27 years, from Manchester was also listed on the Phoenix indent
    Marriage : With the consent of Ann's parents and Governor. The witnesses to the marriage of Thomas Crossley and Ann Baily were Christopher Monks of MacDonald River and James Adams of Nelsons Reach. Both Thomas and Ann signed with an X. They were married by Edgifford Pryce, the Chaplain of the Church of England. The marriage was solemnized in the Parish of the Lower Hawkesbury, No 416, Vol. 24 B. Sources : Title: Registry BDM - index Repository Call number Media : Electronic Page : Ref V1840416 24B/1840
    Thomas' death certificate states his mother was Hannah. This does not seem the case unless Mary Bandy had a second name
    Marriage : With the consent of Ann's parents and Governor.
    Convict banns were posted for the marriage of Thomas Crossley and Ann Bailey
    Thomas also used Henry as a first name
    The burial date on the graves is different than the death date here (29/12/1874 aged 74.8)


    Heather Juliette Crossley adds: Thomas Crossley was a highwayman and a great (% times) grandfather of my husband. At age 23 he was tried at Lincoln UK and got 7 years as it was a second offence. The Crossly family in Philip Island Melbourne are direct descendants.

    Buried:
    CofE cemetery

    Thomas married Anne Bailey on 12 Oct 1840 in Wisemans Ferry, NSW, Australia. Anne (daughter of William Henry Bailey and Margaret Bradley Jones) was born on 5 Dec 1821 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; was christened on 26 Jan 1823 in Windsor, NSW, Australia; died on 4 Oct 1864 in Waligan Creek, Wollombi, NSW, Australia; was buried on 6 Oct 1864 in Wollombi, NSW, Australia. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 3.  Anne Bailey was born on 5 Dec 1821 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; was christened on 26 Jan 1823 in Windsor, NSW, Australia (daughter of William Henry Bailey and Margaret Bradley Jones); died on 4 Oct 1864 in Waligan Creek, Wollombi, NSW, Australia; was buried on 6 Oct 1864 in Wollombi, NSW, Australia.

    Notes:

    Died:
    age 43

    Buried:
    CofE cemetery

    Notes:

    Married:
    CofE Chapel

    Children:
    1. Living
    2. 1. Thomas Crossley was born on 26 Dec 1846 in Wollombi, NSW, Australia; was christened on 7 Mar 1847 in Colo, NSW, Australia; died on 19 May 1907 in Maitland, NSW, Australia; was buried in Maitland, NSW, Australia.
    3. Living
    4. William Arthur Crossley was born on 24 Feb 1849 in Windsor, NSW, Australia; was christened on 3 Dec 1849; died on 1 Mar 1888 in White Cliffs, Hughenden, QLD, Australia; was buried on 1 Mar 1888 in White Cliffs, Hughenden, QLD, Australia.
    5. Living
    6. Susannah Crossley was born on 13 Feb 1854 in Watagan Creek, NSW, Australia; died on 4 Jul 1896 in Congewai, NSW, Australia.
    7. Living
    8. Living
    9. Living
    10. John Crossley was born on 12 Jul 1862 in Watagan Creek, NSW, Australia; died on 8 Jun 1914 in Woolgoolga, NSW, Australia.


Generation: 3

  1. 4.  Thomas Crossley was born about 1772 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England; died on 1 Mar 1843 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England.

    Thomas married Mary Bandy on 18 Jul 1794 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England. Mary was born on 9 Apr 1775 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England; died on 5 Mar 1851 in Halifax, Yorkshire, England. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 5.  Mary Bandy was born on 9 Apr 1775 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England; died on 5 Mar 1851 in Halifax, Yorkshire, England.
    Children:
    1. 2. Thomas Crossley was born on 3 Feb 1802 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England; was christened on 10 Apr 1803 in Southill, Bedfordshire, England; died on 29 Sep 1874 in Ellalong, NSW, Australia; was buried on 2 Oct 1874 in Wollombi, NSW, Australia.

  3. 6.  William Henry Bailey was born on 17 Mar 1798 in St Albans, NSW, Australia (son of William Bailey and Ann Archer); died on 12 Dec 1865 in St Albans, NSW, Australia.

    Notes:

    Alia Squire/ Bailey William was also known in his children's birth registrations (except Richard) as "Henry". This may have been his nickname to distinguish him from his father. William named his property "Clyde Farm", and the original homestead is still there, a stone built two-story cottage, now falling to pieces. Here, as with many of the Valley's old cottages, the main trouble was the lack of an adequate lime-mixture to bind the sandstone blocks. From the layout of the rooms it shows there was a front parlour with an open fireplace. Off this was the parent's bedroom, and from this a ladder ascended to the 'loft' above, where, with a rough division between the girls and boys, the family slept. As this upstairs area spread over most of the space below it was reasonably roomy even though dark by today's standards. Having a shingled roof, would have kept the area reasonably cool. A kitchen with a high-mantled fireplace led from the parlour, and off the kitchen at one end was a small room, probably used as a cool room or storeroom, where milk and other perishables could be kept for a short time. There was originally no glass in any of the windows, being at that time too expensive, instead wooden window shutters were used. As families worked from dawn to dusk, and retired to their beds quite early, very little light was needed. Oil lamps, later followed by kerosene lamps were used when needed.

    THE 1842 WATERSPOUT According to the Sydney Morning Herald it was reported that a waterspout struck the neighbourhood of the Upper MacDonald. The violence of this stupendous aqueduct was principally on the farm of Mr Bailey, over which it descended and literally propelled four acres of ripe wheat a distance of upwards two hundred yards... Parties were to be seen running in every direction endeavouring to drive their cattle beyond the reach of the flood coming up The Branch. The waters gradually disappeared after the first grand burst, which is described by an eye witness as rolling onwards like a huge mountain.

    Sources : NSW BDM Page 4233 Reg number 1865 St Albans NSW Page Ref V18202503 3A Witnesses to the marriage of William Bailey and Jane Knight were William ? and Price Morris who signed with an X Event Death: Reg no 4233/1865/St Albans/NSW

    Cause of Death... Bilious fever

    Like his brother John, William did not leave anything in his will to his first family. Everything went to Jane who in turn divided up the property amongst their children. Copies of both wills are held by Trevor Phee.

    William married Margaret Bradley Jones on 8 Mar 1820 in Windsor, NSW, Australia. Margaret (daughter of James Bradley and Elizabeth Jones) was born on 11 Jun 1804 in Lower Portland Head, NSW, Australia; was christened on 24 Jan 1819 in Hawkesbury, NSW, Australia; died on 8 Apr 1840 in Wisemans Ferry, NSW, Australia; was buried after 8 Apr 1840 in The Branch, MacDonald River, NSW, Australia. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 7.  Margaret Bradley Jones was born on 11 Jun 1804 in Lower Portland Head, NSW, Australia; was christened on 24 Jan 1819 in Hawkesbury, NSW, Australia (daughter of James Bradley and Elizabeth Jones); died on 8 Apr 1840 in Wisemans Ferry, NSW, Australia; was buried after 8 Apr 1840 in The Branch, MacDonald River, NSW, Australia.

    Notes:

    Margaret Bradley is recorded in the marriage register as "Margaret Jones", Jones being her mothers' maiden name. Her mother had contracted marriage with Bradley under the England Common Law rather than be married in the Church of England, as was the practice of many Roman Catholics of the time, The minister, the Rev. Samuel Marsden, refused to acknowledge this marriage and insisted that Margaret use her mother's maiden name in the marriage register, ie to be recorded as an illegitimate child.

    Sources : Title : BDM Registry - Index Repository: Call Number Media : Electronic Page : Ref V18044685 1B Page : Ref V18202503 3A

    Died:
    "The Parsonage"

    Buried:
    Family cemetery, Clyde Farm

    Notes:

    Married:
    St Matthews Church

    Children:
    1. 3. Anne Bailey was born on 5 Dec 1821 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; was christened on 26 Jan 1823 in Windsor, NSW, Australia; died on 4 Oct 1864 in Waligan Creek, Wollombi, NSW, Australia; was buried on 6 Oct 1864 in Wollombi, NSW, Australia.
    2. Elizabeth Bailey was born on 17 May 1824 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; was christened on 5 Mar 1826 in Sackville Reach, NSW, Australia; died on 29 Dec 1901 in Wollombi, NSW, Australia; was buried in Wollombi, NSW, Australia.
    3. Hannah Bailey was born in 1825 in NSW, Australia; died in 1825 in NSW, Australia.
    4. Hannah/Susannah Bailey was born on 16 May 1826 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; died on 26 Jan 1859 in Sackville Reach, NSW, Australia.
    5. William John Bailey was born on 3 Oct 1829 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; died on 15 May 1879 in Yarramalong, NSW, Australia.
    6. James Bailey was born on 4 Dec 1831 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; died on 25 Mar 1881 in Walgett, NSW, Australia; was buried in 1881 in Mogil Mogil, Walgett, NSW, Australia.
    7. Mary Ann Bailey was born on 3 Aug 1833 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; died on 31 Jul 1894 in Ebenezer, NSW, Australia; was buried in Ebenezer, NSW, Australia.
    8. George Bailey was born on 18 Aug 1835 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; died on 5 Feb 1903 in St Albans, NSW, Australia; was buried in St Albans, NSW, Australia.
    9. Richard Bailey was born on 27 Feb 1838 in Portland Head, NSW, Australia; died in 1839; was buried in 1839 in Sackville Reach, NSW, Australia.


Generation: 4

  1. 12.  William Bailey was born about 1756 in Staffordshire, England; died on 12 Dec 1826 in St Albans, NSW, Australia; was buried in Bailey family cemetery, St Albans, NSW, Australia.

    Other Events:

    • Convict: 30 Jul 1788, Staffordshire, England; 7 years - transported "Matilda" leaving Aug 1791
    • Migration/Travel: 1 Aug 1791, Sydney, NSW, Australia; transported - date of arrival - 'Matilda'

    Notes:

    Convicted at the Lincoln Assizes 16 March 1789 and received a 14 years sentence. He sailed on the ‘Matilda’, a 460 tons vessel which was built at the French yards in 1779. Mathew Weatherhead was the Master and the ‘Matilda’ sailed from Portsmouth 27 March 1791 with a compliment of 230 male Convicts. She broke the record set by the ‘Mary Ann’ by making the passage from England to Port Jackson in 127 days – 16 days faster than her rival. It is thought that many of the 25 deaths suffered by the Convicts were due to the leaky state of the ship. Many were old and infirmed at the time they embarked. ‘Matilda’ arrived on 1 August 1791.


    Buried:
    son John Bailey's farm - see St Albans Cemetery

    William married Ann Archer in 1797 in Parramatta, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Ann was born on 10 Sep 1759 in Whitechapel, London, England; was christened on 30 Jan 1760 in Godmanchester, Huntingdonshire, England; died on 28 Feb 1846 in Macdonald River, NSW, Australia. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  2. 13.  Ann Archer was born on 10 Sep 1759 in Whitechapel, London, England; was christened on 30 Jan 1760 in Godmanchester, Huntingdonshire, England; died on 28 Feb 1846 in Macdonald River, NSW, Australia.

    Other Events:

    • Convict: 15 Apr 1795, Middlesex, England; 7 years
    • Migration/Travel: 30 Apr 1796, Sydney, NSW, Australia; transported - Convict Ship Indispensable left England Oct 1795

    Notes:

    Convicted Middlesex 15 Apr 1795 - sentenced at the Old Bailey for stealing nine silk handkerchiefs. She was sentenced to seven years and transported to Australia on the ship "Indespensible" when she was 30 years of age.

    ANN ARCHER, theft : housebreaking, 16th April, 1795

    ANN ARCHER was indicted for breaking and entering the dwelling house of Peter Exton , Lydia his wife, and Mary Perry , spinster, being therein, on the 21st of February, and feloniously stealing therein nine silk handkerchiefs, value 20s. the goods of the said Peter Exton .

    Prisoner. I had been to Windfield-street, to an acquaintance of mine, and as I was coming home crossing Brick-lane I see these handkerchiefs, lay and I picked them up, and I carried them along open in my hand, to see if any body would own them.

    GUILTY, Of stealing but not of breaking and entering the dwelling house . (Aged 30.)

    Transported for seven years .

    Notes:

    Married:
    St John's Church

    Children:
    1. John Bailey was born about 1797 in Hawkesbury District, NSW, Australia; died on 16 May 1878 in St Albans, NSW, Australia.
    2. 6. William Henry Bailey was born on 17 Mar 1798 in St Albans, NSW, Australia; died on 12 Dec 1865 in St Albans, NSW, Australia.

  3. 14.  James Bradley was born about 1760 in Maidstone, Kent, England; died on 16 Apr 1837 in Macdonald River, NSW, Australia.

    Other Events:

    • Convict: 21 Apr 1784, Islington, London, England
    • Migration/Travel: 28 Aug 1791, Sydney, NSW, Australia; convicted 15 Jul 1790 to seven years - transported from England 27 Mar (Third Fleet)

    Notes:

    There are several convicts names James Bradley and it is difficult to determine which one is which!
    was transported on the "William and Mary" on 28 August, 1791.
    The ship "William and Mary" was 370 tons and built of Kings Yards in 1759.
    On 27 March, 1791 with 188 male Convicts, "William and Mary" left England for the Colony. Although it was an old ship, she traveled the distance from England to New South Wales in 154 days, losing 7 dead on that voyage.
    She arrived at Port Jackson on 28 August 1791 after sailing non-stop from Rio de Janiero (Ref. "The Third Fleet Convicts" R.J.Ryan)
    James Bradley was convicted at Maidstone, Kent 15 July,1790 and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment. After he obtained his Ticket of Leave, he was granted 30 acres in the district of Mulgrave Place, on 10 May 1803. This carried a rent of two (2) shillings after he had worked his acreage for five years and started making a profit. The Pioneer Register of 1828 noted that he had died in England but recorded no actual date.


    Birth:
    perhaps - assumed from his conviction at Maidstone in 1790

    James married Elizabeth Jones in 1799 in Sydney, NSW, Australia. Elizabeth was born about 1761 in Lancaster, Lancashire, England; died on 16 Mar 1837; was buried in St Albans, NSW, Australia. [Group Sheet] [Family Chart]


  4. 15.  Elizabeth Jones was born about 1761 in Lancaster, Lancashire, England; died on 16 Mar 1837; was buried in St Albans, NSW, Australia.

    Other Events:

    • Convict: 3 Aug 1789, Liverpool, Lancashire, England; 3 years
    • Migration/Travel: 1790, Sydney, NSW, Australia; transported - 2nd Fleet, 'Lady Juliana'

    Notes:

    was listed a domestic who was born (Circa) 1761 so that would make her about 27 years old when the Fleet arrived. From the Convict records Elizabeth was convicted at the Liverpool Assizes and received a 7 years term. She was assigned to a Publican in Sydney to perform house/pub duties. We know from the Pioneer Register of 1828 that she had a Common Law Marriage with James Bradley and was the mother of Gabriel (born 1800) and Margaret (born 11/6/1804). The date of her death was 16 April, 1837 at the age of 75 years and was buried on her son’s-in-law farm at St. Albans, N.S.W. It was here that our Anne Bailey, her first granddaughter, was living before her marriage to Thomas Crossley.

    There were two Elizabeth Jones on the Lady Juliana that sailed from Plymouth 29 Jul 1789 and arrived 3 Jun 1790 - one convicted at Middlesex 7 May 1788 and the other at London 24 Oct 1789

    Buried:
    on son-in-law's farm, according to one source, but I cannot find evidence of this

    Notes:

    Married:
    Date uncertain

    Children:
    1. Gabriel Bradley was born on 16 Apr 1800 in NSW, Australia; was christened on 24 Jan 1819 in Hawkesbury, NSW, Australia; died on 18 Feb 1881 in Windsor, NSW, Australia.
    2. 7. Margaret Bradley Jones was born on 11 Jun 1804 in Lower Portland Head, NSW, Australia; was christened on 24 Jan 1819 in Hawkesbury, NSW, Australia; died on 8 Apr 1840 in Wisemans Ferry, NSW, Australia; was buried after 8 Apr 1840 in The Branch, MacDonald River, NSW, Australia.