genealogy of the Roy and Royes families
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Labourer and Govt Printer

About 1864 to 1872 the Henry Hougham family lived in part of the establishment where Mary Ann was a governess in which the elderley Miss Bullocks resided and were Principals of a school for young ladies. It was on Mile End Road nearly opposite Bakers Row - This latter had name changed some years later to Valence street. In 1872/73 the family lived at Hackney Road. When Mary Ann was born in 1856 they lived at 9 Red Lion Street at Wapping

The daughters chief companions were the two Hunter girls, one named Annie these two sisters married two brothers named Button. Mr Hunter lived at 118 Burton Road Clapham park. He had a box factory. Here the Hunter and Hougham daughters spent many spare hours making fancy card board and lace trimmed boxes- gift boxes for jewellary

Their brother Fred worked in the City of London at Pall Mall lifeguards abt 1862 from where as a youth about 13 of age he emigrated to Australia. The brother Henry went to sea as a captain's cabin boy at about the same age and he later made his home in Canada first, then in Rhode Island. By the time all were grown, three daughters and one son were in Queensland Australia and one son and one daughter in USA. By 1957 the 3rd and 4th generations are numerous in both places but the surmane Hougham has died out
rr_tree I4178 Hougham, Henry (I4178)
Ludwig Larsen (Ludwig August Larsen, son of Carl Martin and Ingeborg) age 10 born 1863 Norway, married Martha Le-Neve Hutchins in 1888 Queensland, Australia and was listed as a baker in the Electoral Rolls. Ludwig and Martha had 11 Children, Florence Ruby b 1891, Herbert Alexander b 1892, William Edgar b 1893, Harold Leslie b 1895, Elsie Murial b 1896, Winifred Edna b 1898, Lilian Ivy b 1900, Lelia Esme b 1903, John Howard Percy b 1905, Edwin Stanley b 1906, Ernest Dudley b 1909. Ludwig died 1928 Queensland, Australia. His parents are entered on his Death Record as Carl Martin Larsen and Ingeborg Anne Jenson. Although Ludwig died in 1928 he appears with his wife Martha on the 1930 Electoral Roll in Buss Street, Bundaberg.

Ludwig and Martha's son Herbert Alexander Larsen fought in WWI. Herbert an assistant chemist before the War, was gazetted in 1816 for Mention in Despatches and again in 1917 when he was awarded the Serbian Gold Medal. Herbert married Ida Agnes Fox, daughter of Alfred Fox and Agnes Atna/Atma Daniell and worked as a sugar chemist. For a picture and info on the Serbian Gold Medal go to

Another son of Ludwig and Martha, Harold Leslie Larsen also fought in WWI and died on 9th November 1917 and is buried in the Belgian Battery Corner Cemetery, Belgium, II. D. 4. Harold Leslie Larsen was also gazzetted in 1918 because he was awarded the Military Medal.

I suspect that Edwin Stanley Larsen married Ida Agnes Fox's sister Frances Lydia Fox after 1930 as in 1936 he is living in William Street, Bundaberg with a Frances Lydia Larsen.

Christian Larsen (Christian Leonard Larsen, son of Carl Martin and Ingeborg) age 5 born 1868 died Queensland, Australia 1889 (Entered as son of Martin Larsen and Engebord Jenson).

I'm now looking for more information to see if there is a connection with the Larsens and Jensons mentioned below who were also on the ''Reichstag'' in 1873.

Doris Larsen aged 37 born circa 1836.
Dorothea Larsen aged 25 born circa 1848.
Frederick Larsen aged 21 born circa 1852.
Jens Larsen aged 23 born circa 1850.
Mina Larsen aged 2 born circa 1871.
Morten Larsen aged 35 born circa 1838.
Niels Larsen aged 28 born circa 1845
Olma Larsen aged 7 born circa 1866.


Anna Jenson aged 27 born circa 1846.
Gabriel Jenson aged 21 born circa 1852.
Hans Jenson aged 23 born circa 1850.
Magnus Peter Jenson aged 30 born circa 1843.
Maren Jenson aged 24 born circa 1849.
rr_tree Family F3527
Madeleine Mitchell writes: Louisa was one of the Outside (outside of marriage) children of John Cover, at her baptism in 1862, although she was born in 1846. Her mother was listed as Sarah Smith. The fact that her mother's surname is used is significant because it means John Cover and Sarah Smith were not married. Our family lore is that John Cover had this outside family before he married Margaret Ellis in 1862. (He had 7 sons and one daughter including Septimus Royes Cover by Margaret Ellis Cover). Louisa therefore was probably of colour, and I suppose could have been mistaken for an Indian but I think that unlikely. You will see that the children of Louisa (in which she is listed as Louisa Royes nee Cover) born at Knapdale were born in the 1870's. This however does not answer the question of which Charles John Sr or Jr was the father of these children since senior lived to 1877 and Junior to 1905. Unfortunately there are no Methodist marriage records on Patricia Jackson's site, although the Mormon church did microfilm Dissenter Marriages which included Methodist records. It looks like they were married it was between 1862 and 1872. In the Law 6 register at the baptism of the children Charles Royes is listed as Planter, and the children were M or F Coloured, Legitimate.
This will probably muddy your waters more, but it is as I know it.
rr_tree I3864 Cover, Louisa (I3864)
Middlesex Sessions:
Sessions Papers - Justices' Working Documents
January 1715
About this document type
Currently Held: LM
LL ref: LMSMPS501420028
Image 28 of 1858th January 1715
Middx ss
John Fuller
Whereas it appeareth unto us John Fuller and Alexander Ward Esqrs . two of his Maties Justices of the peace for the County of Middlesex (Quirum anns) resideing nearest the parish Church of parish of St James Clerkenwell in the said County That M Mary Stanton Singlewoman was upon the Seventeenth day of December last past delivered of a Male Bastard Child within the said parish of St. James Clerkenwell which was Baptized by the name John which said Male Bastard Child did become chargeable to the said parish and is Since dead And Whereas it appeareth unto in the said Justices by the Examinacon of She said Mary Stanton taken upon Oath the Ninth day of November last past and also upon the Informacons of Anna Taylor Widw and Mary Barton taken Severall on Oath the first day of this Instant January before us and other circumstances that Sir John Mordaunt Barronett is the only and true father of the said Male Bastard Child. Wee therefore do adjudge him the said Sir John Mordaunt of the said parish of St. James Clerkenwell Barronett to be the only father of the said Male Bastard Child And do hereby order him the said Sir John Mordaunt to pay or cause to be paid unto Tobias Gibson the present Churchwarden of the said parish of St. James Clerkenwell or to the Overseers of the poor of the same br to Same or one of them the same of five pounds and Eighteen Shillings forthwith upon Sight here of which said Sum of five pounds and Eighteen Shillings is already ppaid and expended by the said Churchwarden and Overseers of the poor of the said parish of St. James Clerkenwell or Some or one of there for and towards the necessary Support and releif of the said Mary Stanton in the time of her Lying in and for the Christening and Buriall of the said Male Bastard Child and other incident charges relating thereto And Wee do order him the said Sir John Mordaunt to give Sufficient Security to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the poor of the said parish of St James Clerkenwell for the due performance of this our Order. Given under our hands and Seales this Eighth day of January in the first year of the reigne of King George over Great Brittain Etc. Ano. P Dui 1714.
rr_tree I3096 Mordaunt, Sir John (I3096)
Note on paternity of Agatha, wife of Edward The Exile (by Andrey Alexandrovich Frizyuk)

Two main versions of Agatha's parentage have been proposed so far:

1. Szabolcs de Vajay in his paper "Agatha, Mother of St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland" ("Duquesne Review", vol. 7, no. 2 (Spring 1962), pp. 71-80) expounded the theory that Agatha was a daughter of Liudolf, Margrave of West-Friesland (he was half-brother of Emperor Henry III), by Gertrude of Egisheim. This is based on statements of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Florence of Worcester's "Chronicon ex chronicis" that Agatha was a blood relative of the "Emperor Henry".

2. Rene Jette in his article "Is the Mystery of the Origins of Agatha, Wife of Edward the Exile, Finally Solved?" ("New England Historical and Genealogical Register", no. 150 (October 1996): 417-432) pointed out some facts which were not explained by Szabolcs de Vajay's theory:
A. William of Malmesbury in "De Gestis Regis Anglorum" and several later chronicles state that Agatha was a Hungarian Queen's sister. Edward was a loyal supporter of Andras who accompanied him from Kiev to Hungary in 1046 and lived for many years at his court. Thus it's highly probable that "a Hungarian Queen" in question was Andras' wife, Anastasia Yaroslavna.
B. According to Szabolcs de Vajay, the marriage of Agatha and Edward took place in Kiev. This accords with statements of Geoffrey Gaimar and Roger of Howden that Edward took a Kievan wife "of noble parentage".
C. There are several etymological arguments. Agatha, for instance, is a Greek name quite unknown in Western Europe of that time. On the other hand, the name Agatha/Agafia was fairly common in the Rurikid family: all daughters of Yaroslav received Greek names, and we know that Yaroslav's Byzantine stepmother had an aunt named Agatha.
D. Also, the 11th-century fresco of St Sophia Cathedral in Kiev represents 5 living daughters/sisters of Yaroslav, all of marriagable age. One of them is Anastasia the Queen of Hungary, another Elisaveta the Queen of Norway, the third - Anna the Queen of France, the fourth - Dobronega the Queen of Poland, but who was the fifth?

It's interesting that the last wife of Vladimir I was apparently the first cousin of Emperor Henry III. Her daughter Dobronega could have been described as "filia germani imperatoris Henrici". What if Agatha was Dobronega's full sister? It seems to me that such a solution would explain all the evidence that we have in the best way."
[ ]
rr_tree I2701 Agatha (I2701)
Of 138 Aldergate, Charterhouse Square, London.
Buried at St Botolphs


From a register of Silversmiths and Goldsmiths

Son of Solomon Hougham of the parish of St John in the County of Surrey Linendraper, apprenticed to Henry Corry 4 July 1764 on payment of 15 pounds. Freedom unrecorded.
Mark entered as smallworker, 11 Jan 1769. Address:Aldergate Street.
Second mark 11 May 1789, Apperars as bucklemaker, Aldergate Street, in the Parl. report list 1773, and entered marks as such, 1773-9 (section VIII).
Third mark as plateworker (two sizes) 24 Jan 1785. Address 138 Aldersgate Street.
Fourth entry (seven marks) 4 November 1786 same address. Heal records the above addresses and adds Charles and Solomon Hougham Goldsmiths, same address 1790-6.
Charles Hougham, goldsmith, Aldersgate Street, died 18 January 1793 (European Magazine, the Gentlemans magazine.)
rr_tree I2221 Hougham, Charles (I2221)
Of Aldergate Street London Jeweller
Owned 137 and 138 Aldersgate Street London and lived in 19 Charterhouse Square

A register of Silversmiths and Goldsmiths records:

Son of Solomon Hougham free by redemption 7 June 1786 as goldsmith. He was already an established worker since Henry son of Henry Hougham was apprenticed to him in 1789. He was elected to livery, February 1791. Partner with Charles Hougham froom 1790 the latter dying 18 January 1793. First mark entered as plateworker 1 February 1793 Address Aldersgate Street. Second Mark (two sizes) 6 February 1793. Third Mark (two sizes) 13 November 1812. Fourth mark in partnership with Solomon Royes and John East Dix 13 September 1817, Address 138 Aldersgate Street. The partnership apparently dissolved by 19 September1818 when Royes and Dix entered a separate joint mark. Hougham died between 1818 and 1822 ( actually 17 Aug 1818 hence dissolvement of partnership - RY) His marks should be distinguished from those of Samuel Hennell.

Silver Forums at (
Apprentices taken by him were
William Bennet (1784)
William Ward (1786)
Robert Jones (1787)
Thomas Franklin (1788)
Soloman Royce (nephew) (1789) [Royce is used in the goldsmith records for Solomon Royes]
Henry Hougham (1789)
James Ede (1794)
John East Dix (1795)
In 1792 he was a signatory to the London Bucklemakers Petition to the Prince of Wales and one of the deputation of six who presented a petition to the King himself .
On 19th February 1800 the Proceedings of the Old Bailey ref t18000219-9 reports:-
SOLOMON HOUGHAM sworn. - I live in Aldersgate-street , I am a very large manufacturer of gold and silver plate : I have lately lost a considerable quantity of spoons out of the manufactory.. .. the spoons that are produced; I know them to be my property, they are in an unfinished state, never having been completely manufactured; they have the initials of my name at the back, and likewise the workman's mark, two dots, underneath.
His mark of 13th September 1817 was in partnership with two of his ex-apprentices, Solomon Royce, a nephew, and John East Dix.
Died 17th August 1818 at the age of 72
The will of Solomon Hougham, Merchant of Aldersgate Street London, Middlesex was proved at PCC on 27th August 1818.
It includes a legacy of £500 to William Ward, one of his journeymen and an ex-apprentice. Also "to each of my journeymen of seven years standing and upwards who at the time of my decease shall work in my factory in Aldersgate Street Five guineas and to each of those under seven years standing Two guineas "
A full transcript is on the royroyes site (under Notes) ...
BENJAMIN BRIND, theft : simple grand larceny [from Solomon Hougham].
The Proceedings of the Old Bailey Ref: t18000219-9
Trial Summary:
• Crime(s): theft : simple grand larceny,
• Punishment Type: imprisonment : House of Correction, fine,
(Punishment details may be provided at the end of the trial.)
• Verdict: Guilty,
• Other trials on 19 Feb 1800
• Name search for: BENJAMIN BRIND,
• Crime Location: Aldersgate-street
• Associated Records...
Original Text:
168. BENJAMIN BRIND was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 12th of February, twelve silver tea spoons, value 30s. the property of Solomon Hougham .
DAVID PERRYMAN sworn. - I am a pawnbroker, No. 92, St. Martin's lane; I manage the business of Berry and Patmore: On Wednesday evening last, between eight and nine o'clock, the prisoner offered six tea spoons to pledge; I asked him where he lived; he told me he lived at No.12, Castle-street, that he kept a house, and that he was a jeweller by trade; from his manner of answering these questions, I suspected him, and sent my lad to the house to enquire; and while he was gone, the prisonener wanted very much to go, but I would not let him go till he returned; I asked him how he came by the spoons; he said he bought them at a shop in the Strand; I asked him if he could take me to the shop where he bought them; and he said he coulld not; he then said he did not live in Castle-street, and went out of the box; I ran round, and locked the door, and took him into the shop; I suspected he was the servant of some silversmith; I told him he need not hesitate, for I knew the mark upon the back of the spoons, I told him they belonged to Mr. Hougham; he said if I would let him go, he would take the spoons and put them from whence he took them; he said that he lived with Mr. Hougham, and hoped I would let him go, for it was the first time he had ever taken any thing; I told him I could not let him go; I sent for an officer, and he was taken into custody; the officer searched him in my presence; he said he had nothing more about him; but in his pocket he found eleven duplicates, eight of them were of spoons, which he said he had taken from his master.
SOLOMON HOUGHAM sworn. - I live in Aldersgate-street, I am a very large manufacturer of gold and silver plate: I have lately lost a considerable quantity of spoons out of the manufactory; last Thursday morning a messenger came to my house, to innform me that a man was stopped, and that I might see him at Bow-street, with some of my property; I went to Bow-street, and saw the prisoner there, and the spoons that are produced; I know them to be my property, they are in an unfinished state, never having been completely manufactured; they have the initials of my name at the back, and likewise the workman's mark, two dots, underneath; the prisoner worked for me several years.
Q. Had you missed these spoons? - A. Yes, I had; I have here no less than fifty duplicates, eleven of them were taken from his person, and the rest from his clothes in his trunk; they consist of fifteen dozen of spoons, among other things.
BENJAMIN-BAILEY THOROGOOD sworn. - I work at Mr. Hougham's: These spoons are my work, they were taken out of my box where my work is kept, I missed them last Tuesday evening; they were in the box on the Saturday before.
Prisoner's defence. I have nothing to say.
GUILTY (Aged 54.)
Confined six months in the House of Correction , and fined 1s.
Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice ROOKE.
rr_tree I2219 Hougham, Solomon (I2219)
Of Preston

"The family named in same order as in will, probably not by order of birth. They are truly located (by each others' wills to parish registers) which leaves the impression of probably the sons were named first in their father's will, the mother being deceased. The family were all yeoman and undoubtedly of Preston BUT the registers of Preston were destroyed by fire in the vicarage in 1658 so anything previous to that time has to be gleaned from other sources - wills where possible and Henry's will is dated 1658"

Mentions sons Michael, Henry, Richard, daughter Elizabeth and her husband Stephen Woodland,Sarah and husband William Harris, Margaret and Husband Johnson, Eme, Anne, grandchildren Mary, Margaret and Sarah, sister Mary Paramour in his will.

Achievements Ltd have listed Susanna and Eva as daughters of Henry baptised 20 Feb 1630/1 and 3 Feb 1632/3 respectively. They also say that Henry's father is a Richard.
rr_tree I2154 Huffam, Henry (I2154)
Of Sandwich. Inherited Barton Estate in 1714 from brother Solomon His relative Francis was trying to get it for his son in 1717.
He is recorded in the Knights visitation of Kent 1663 as 4th son of Henry and Elizabeth. The f irst son is given as 7 years old so Charles was born 1660-3.
He inherited Barton Court from his Brother. The first Hougham to own it was his uncle Solomon. In his will dated 1694 "I give and bequeath unto my nephew Charles Hougham, son of my brother Henry Hougham, Deceased, pounds 1000 of lawful English money". The children of Charles are also mentioned in his will thus: "To Richard Hougham and Henry Hougham, sonnes of my nephew Charles Hougham, at the age of 20 years the sum of 200 pounds, to the rest of Charles Hougham's children, 200 pounds apiece".
He inherited the manor of Barton, the manor of Woodnesborough and estates at Eastry on the death of his brother Solomon, who died without male issue, by the will of the first Solomon Hougham of Barton thus: "I give to Solomon Hougham, eldest son of brother Henry Hougham, all freehold lands", then follows a detailled list of manors or lordships - Barton alias Landport or Longport. and Eastry property and the manor of Winsborough alias Woodnesborough "all to Solomon Hougham for the term of his natural life and after his decease to the first son of his body lawfully begotten, and then to this sons heirs male, and in default of heirs male here to the second son and in default of heirs male here to the third son and his heirs and so on to the tenth generation ,the tenth son and his heirs the elder son and his heirs to be always preferred before the younger. In default of heirs, then all aforesaid to my nephew Charles Hougham for the term of his natural and after his decease " - here is repeated the elaborate detailing of heirs male up to the tenth generation and their heirs male. In spite of the elaborate precaution Barton passed to a daughter at third generation from Charles.
He inherited Barton Oct 1714 automatically on death of his brother Solomon who died 24 Oct 1714 , date on his memorial in St Marys Church, Sandwich, and whose will dated 12 May 1713 was pr oved in London, 30 Nov 1714. His will is in Somerset Houuse, London. Location is Index 2 Buckingham 579/9/89. He names himself Charles Hougham of the City of Canterbury Esquire. He mentions his children thus, "I give and bequeath to my son Charles Hougham the sum of 500 pounds of lawful money of Greaat Britain, then to my son Solomon Hougham the like sum of 400 pounds", "and I hereby direct and appoint the said sums of pounds 400 be paid of my estate of Winsborough", "and I do order that the said legacy shall be paid to my son Solomon at the age of one and twenty years, and that he shall have interest of the same yearly until he shall attain that age." "I do hereby make and appoint my son Henry an executor to the will". Henry automatically inherited Barton by the terms of the first Solomon of Barton

Charles is John Royes' wife Sarah's grandfather, and his son Solomon's wife Mary's great great grandfather
rr_tree I2167 Hougham, Charles (I2167)
Paul Robinson writes: In late 1891 my GGGrandfather, Allan MacDiarmid (born 1817 Loch Etive, Argyll) travelled from Sydney with his family to Armidale NSW to visit his 'kinsman' John Cameron at "Morven". While in Armidale Allan died on 7/11/1891. Allan's mother was Janet Cameron and she married Duncan MacDiarmid in Stronlain, Arnamurchan,, Scotland in 1809. I have now established for certain that the John Cameron, Allan MacDiarmid visited was the John Cameron (born 1836 Garmony Mull, died 1915 'Morven' Armidale) in your family tree. His grandfather was William Cameron born about 1788 Forosay-Glen Argyll.
I estimate that Janet Cameron (Allan's mother) would have been born about 1780, but I don't know where. It is possible that Janet and William Cameron were sister and brother and thus Allan MacDiarmid and John Cameron were first cousins (once removed). I would be grateful for any information you may have or any research that you could suggest that would establish if Janet and William Cameron were related.
rr_tree I3929 Cameron, William (I3929)
Peter Eldridge was born at Monks Risboro, Buckinghamshire, England the son of Joshua Eldridge, a bricklayer and builder and Deborah Lacey who had married on 16 Apr 1828 at Monks Risborough.
Peter Eldridge married Ellen Horne and they were living at Great Kimble with their four children when the 1871 census was taken. In 1873 they all migrated from London to Australia on the Storm King departing on 1 Feb 1873 and arriving at Moreton Bay, Queensland on 3 May 1873. Their daughter Sarah Mary Ann was born on 8 Nov 1873 after their arrival in Australia. Peter and Ellen died on 8 Mar 1916 and 28 Aug 1928 respectively and they are both buried at Toowoomba QLD.
rr_tree I5536 Eldridge, Peter (I5536)
played and grew up with Charles Dickens

In 1872 she left her loved native land and sailed for Australia. Charles Dickens had died two years before. Many of his books were on shelves in the new home.

There is a story of a picture of a ship. It was in an Australian reading book - primer 2 and belonged to Marian Hurley Pratt in 1885-6. The grandma missed the sea and ships so much. Years later when MHP became possessor of the family bible there was the picture being used as a book mark, and now it is being placed - not as a brass tablet in a grand Cathedral but as a lasting memorial to a good woman, loved by all who knew her.

One thing, when people leave their homes for a foreign unknown place they carry a few mementos with them, memories of loved ones and places. Ann Phillis (Knight) Hougham took a photo of her parish church with her parents stone marked. This picture is 12 x 14 inches [305 x 356 mm], was framed and wherever she lived it was hung on her living room wall. It was taken from England to Australia, back to England and back to Australia, then to the USA and many times back and forth from Utah to California, and like the names on the old tombstones fading with age - MHP

MHP (her granddaughter) also writes :-

" Have you ever stood on the deck of a ship seeing your native land with everyone and everything dear to you gradually fading away in the distance? My own experience recalled in my mind a poem in my school reading book - one verse in particular - "The Emigrant Ship" All on deck together, young and old they stand, husbands wives and children, clasping hand in hand. On each face is sorrow that they'll see no more when thay wake tomorrow - their own native shore"

Now let us follow the ship Great Queenslander and meet new people. Those days ships depended entirely on wind and sails. Today (1958) a trip of that distance can be covered by a steamship, a floating city of palaces of the latest conveniences, i in 2 to 3 weeks - which took a sailing ship upwards of 3 to 5 months, often the meals curtailed to a dry sea biscuit like a soda cracker but about 3 square inches [20 sq cm] in size and one half an inch [38 mm] thick, so hard even a hammer would not break them; one would last for hours, a little piece of corn beef (sometimes green with age) and that was your meal. Today the same trip can be covered by a plane practically in a few hours.

Why did Ann P (K) Hougham go to Australia in 1872 as soon as her husband passed away, and take her two unmarried daughters? They were comfortably fixed and had no lack of friends, the girls in their teens in life's fullest activities. Only a mother could understand the answer. Out of her family of 9, 3 sons had died infants [William George, presumably William John and ??], her eldest son [Henry] was married and had to go to Canada, her eldest daughter [Elizabeth Ann] had married and with her husband and first four children moved to the USA. Her second daughter was married but had an invalid husband withTB, she would remain in London and trust in the future. There was still one son who had been gone 12 years .... yes you guessssed. He was in Australia, he had kept in touch with his mother. He was spirited away when 15 or 16 of age by the families own minister who said his own boy was wild and determined to emigrate, so he offered to pay young Fred Hougham's passage to go with his son, etc and when Fred insisted he should go and ask his folkes permission and get clothes etc the minister assured Fred that everything would be alright, proved, and he would immediately go to parents and explain all.

A person who could do such a despicable trick, could do more - he did not go immediately, he let Fred's folk worry and seek until the ship was well out to sea. So almost a year went by before the first letter and the true story reached the folks at home in England. So the mother decided to go to her boy.

The place was as beautiful as he had described - but - it was far from cities or towns, on a small mining claim, no stores or post office, just a few young people 2 or 3 of them married, no church, just in the midst of God’s own handiwork, nature itself, flowers, birds, butterflies even the insects and reptiles in brilliant colours, a clear stream of cold clear water, plenty of wild fruit and berries.Perfection, but nothing to do. The two sisters from the great city of London grew listtless, the mother agreed all should return to England, their busy lives and friends and Fred ought to come along. They moved 430 miles [692 km] to Bulimba, a small village on the outskirts of the City of Brisbane, to await the coming of a sailing ship and find something to occupy time.

During the waiting period a friend of Fred's had taken a liking for the youngest sister and when the ship was due begged her to remain and be his wife. She would not remain.

"The Darling Downs" was lifting anchor, tie ropes all untied, sailors unfurling sails, getting a foot or so from her moorings, when a young man with suitcase in hand leaped aboard. John William Hurley joined the Hougham family on their return trip around Cape Colony. So Africa to England. The return trips were not emigrants, very few passengers. There is nothing prettier or more stately than a ship in full white sail leaving or entering port unless a graceful white swan gliding along admiring its reflection in the water. The group aboard the ship were happy.

Arriving "home" safely in due time was a disappointment, things had changed in those few short years. Old friends gone, some moved and some died, young folks married and got their home cares now. Most of all they had forgotten the constant fogs and drizzling rain of London and longed for the sunshine and cloudless skies of Queensland. Fred and John William were feeling the effects of the damp. Decisions had to be made.

They all agreed that the sunny days in Australia would be good for Sarah's invalid husband, again they pack up, not only suitcases but household goods etc and soon were on their return journey to Australia going by way of South America round Cape Horn on the "British Nation" with 600 emigrants aboard. This trip was rough, crowded full of thrills and excitement - they were all glad when it ended.

Volumes could be written about this one journey alone, Suffice to say it ended safely and this story continues with the lives of each individual . The mother had her family, John William Hurley gained his prize - Mary Ann Hougham became his bride and wife. It is after this marriage that MHP enters the scene.

For more information about her ancestors see
rr_tree I4184 Knight, Ann Phillis (I4184)
possibly not a child of Rognvald and Ragnhild, but read the following... [origin unknown]

22. KING HARALD'S VOYAGE TO THE WEST. King Harald heard that the vikings, who were in the West sea in winter, plundered far and wide in the middle part of Norway; and therefore every summer he made an expedition to search the isles and out-skererries (1) on the coast. Wheresoever the vikings heard of him they all took to flight, and most of them out into the open ocean. At last the king grew weary of this work, and therefore one summer he sailed with his fleet right out into the West sea. First he came to Hjaltland (Shetland), and he slew all the vikings who could not save themselves by flight. Then King Harald sailed southwards, to the Orkney Islands, and cleared them all of vikings. Thereafter he proceeded to the Sudreys (Hebrides), plundered there, and slew many vikings who formerly had had men-at-arms under them. Many a battle was fought, and King Harald was always victorious. He then plundered far and wide in Scotland itself, and had a battle there. Whhen he was come westward as far as the Isle of Man, the report of his exploits on the land had gone before him; for all the inhabitants had fled over to Scotland, and the island was left entirely bare both of people and goods, so that King Haralld and his men made no booty when they landed. So says Hornklofe: -- "The wise, the noble king, great Whose hand so freely scatters gold, Led many a northern shield to war Against the town upon the shore. The wolves soon gathered on the sand Of that sea-shore; for Harald's hand The Scottish army drove away, And on the coast left wolves a prey."

In this war fell Ivar, a son of Ragnvald, Earl of More; and King Harald gave Ragnvald, as a compensation for the loss, the Orkney and Shetland isles, when he sailed from the West; but Ragnvald immediately gave both these countries to his brother Sigurd, who remained behind them; and King Harald, before sailing eastward, gave Sigurd the earldom of them. Thorstein the Red, a son of Olaf the White and of Aud the Wealthy, entered into partnership with him; and after plundering in Scotlannd, they subdued Caithness and Sutherland, as far as Ekkjalsbakke. Earl Sigurd killed Melbridge Tooth, a Scotch earl, and hung his head to his stirrup-leather; but the calf of his leg were scratched by the teeth, which were sticking out from the head, and the wound caused inflammation in his leg, of which the earl died, and he was laid in a mound at Ekkjalsbakke. His son Guthorm ruled over these countries for about a year thereafter, and died without children. Many vikings, both Danes and Northmen, set themselves down then in those countries.
rr_tree I3197 Rognvaldsson, Ivar (I3197)
Proposed Change: Margaret Wishart (I4054)
Description: I'm not sure how, but I know we are related to the 'Cover' family of Jamaica, from Surrey UK and we have some connection to Scotland.
My father passed away 3 years ago. His name was Rudolph Anthony Wishardt born in Jamaica in 1933. His name changed to Williams when he came to the UK in the 1960s.
Some of the Wishardts spell their name with the 'd', some do not. My dad insisted it was spelled with the 'd'.
He has plenty of Wishardt family still alive all over the world.
I have a picture of my Grandfather who was a tall gentleman of mixed race. He lived in Scotland, but went back to Jamaica. His wife (in the picture) is a black woman. I'm not sure if she was called Eve of Pearl.
There is also a German connection to the Wishardt family.
I hope this helps? I'm not sure how Margaret or Alexander are related, but it makes sense somehow.
Many thanks,
Angelique Danielle Williams (of the Wishardt family)
rr_tree I4054 Wishart, Margaret (I4054)
Queen to Alfred the Great
c850 - 902
  Alfred the Great was born in Wantage around 849. At age 5 he was sent to Rome to be blessed by the Pope, who is reputed to have talked about how important a contribution this man would make for his country. Alfred grew up in a divided Britain that had allegiances to various leaders, and in certain parts of the country, the kingdom was subject to the constant invasions of Vikings.
The Mercian tribe "The Gainis" held power in ancient Gainsborough and the chieftains of the Gainis were Ethelred and Edburga Mucil. It is from the tribe of the Gainis that the town derives its name, which literally means the stronghold of the Gainis. At this point in time the Gainis had a castle on what is now the site of the Old Hall, and an ancient church existed in the area which is the present day site of the Parish Church.
Imagination suggests that the legendary daughter of the Gainis chieftains to be a very attractive lady with blonde hair and blue eyes. However, history has not been kind to recording factual details of this fascinating point in time and therefore for many years verification of this detail has not been possible.
According to Phillipa Stevens at Winchester Libraries, Elswitha could not have been unattractive, as females born to the ruling classes were often primarily groomed to marry the males of neighbouring tribes to create allies. If a tribesman's daughter developed as physically unattractive they were often hidden away in those dark ages. Elswitha, however, did not simply attract another eligible local chieftain though; she was to marry the King of England.
In 868 Alfred of Wessex married Elswitha Mucil, daughter of the elderman of the Gainis in the old town, and she became his Queen Consort. Alfred who is reputed to be one of the greatest of all English Kings, was given this the highest of all accolades by his people and will be forever remembered in history as Alfred "The Great". According to royal genealogy, Alfred and Elswitha had three surviving children:
Ethelfled Lady of the Mercians,
Elthrith who married Baldwin II, Count of Flanders, (five generations later Matilda of Flanders married William the Conqueror), and
Edward the Elder who succeeded Alfred the Great who died in 899. Elswitha died in 902.
Today there exists Elswitha Hall, which was the birthplace of another famous character - Sir Halford Mackinder, the building was named to honour the Queen from Gainsborough. Our present sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II, is a 35th generation descendant of this royal dynasty.

This biography was provided courtesy of Darron Childs and The Delvers, an independent local history group for Gainsborough. They can be contacted at the following email address:
rr_tree I2713 of Gainsborough, Elswitha (I2713)
Recent research would seem to suggest that Robert was actually the son of Ruallo who was himself the grandson of Rualon but until the link is confirmed this tree stays with the traditional history Furthermore, the ancestral tree of Robert requires confirmation as a close look at the dates would seem to show anomalies -RY Oct 2000
Having just acquired a copy of MHP's working papers for her book, I see that see she states that Rualon is PROBABLY the father of Robert, which gives more credence to the opening paragraph. -RY Feb 2004

The First Hougham. He took the surname of Hougham, the meaning being the same as Avranches - a home in a hilly place. Part Norman and part Saxon: "hough" - on a hill "ham" - home.
He is recorded on the Derring roll of Arms in the College of Arms at the commencement of the pedigree of Houghams .
Also it records 4 other Robert de Hougham in sequence.
He is recorded in a list of Knights with King Richard 1 at the siege of Acre on Crusades in 1191.
In 1189 by deed of grant he granted the manor of Boxley which he owned to the abbey of Maidstone in return for certain services from the abbots there, according to this same same deed of grant he owned the manor of Wavering and had let part of it prior to this date 1189
He held the manor of Wavering of the King: "in capite in wavringe 40 s rent rendering this service from it that when ever he king shouild march to Wales, he should find a horse to the value of 5s with a wallet and a broche for 40 days at the kings cost" A broche was a large vessel of leather in which to carry wine..
He is given in the Rotary Escheat Role for the manor of Wavering as Robert de Hougham Lord of Hougham, and so owned the manor of Hougham.
References: Derring roll of Arms; 1190 List of Knights; 1189 Deed of Grant Records Maidstone Abbey; All Eschest Roles; Assessment of Knights Fees; Inquisitions of Wavering 1191 -1307

Robert de Hougham I accompanied King Richard 1st "The Lion Heart" to Palestine in the Crusades. He is the first Hougham (as far as known by 1946) to be knighted and receive Coat of Arms. -The arms being "Ar 5 chevs, sable”
At about same time as this Robert was a John de Hougham of Whitstable, Kent, England who stood pledge for Ralph de Ditton.
From Ireland’s History of Kent vol.II.p.136 -. l37."The Parish of Hougham lies along the high Eastern hills of the
county of Kent.The manor was held by a family that took it's name of Hougham from this Parish (Hasted's Kent, vol.9, p. 452. and Ireland's -v.2.p,137 "Chilham was the principal seat of manor of Hougham. (Sometimes called Huffam and and Hicham and Hugham In Domesday Book.)
Hasted's Kent.vol.9.p.202. "Hougham of Dover, who in allusion to the arms of their superior Lords, the Averanches,or Albrineas Albrincas, Lords of the Barony of Folkstone - of whom they hold their lands, bore for their arms" (also vol. 9. p. 452-a Statement by Philpott) Arms, Argent ,5 Chevronnels, sable.

Hasted' s.vol.II.p.27."Fulbert de Lucie assumed name of Dover (Fulbert de Dover) had Baronial residence at Chilham. His descendant Richard de Dover - manor of Hougham held by Knights service - by family who took it's name from this Parish. -Robert Hougham-knight-of Hougham manor near Dover.
Suggested connections.Philpott says "That the Arms of Hougham was borne by them in token of their holding under the family of Avranches, Lords of Folkestone, such being a common practise in days of heraldy. The family of Everenge -Everlnge in like manner ---- either to mark their descent from or feudal connection with the same Lords of Folkestone. Here again is the assumption that although Houghams bore the name of their manor yet they WERE EITHER COLLATERAL DESCENDANCY OF THE FAMILY OF AVRANCHES OR CONNECTED WITH THEM BY MARRIAGE
The position of Weddington favors this assumption as it is adjacent to the lands which were part of the Barony of Folkestone, and in the tenure of d’ Avranches in the 12th Century."
rr_tree I2202 d' Avranches - de Hougham, Robert (I2202)
Recorded in the will of his father Charles. He was at that time under age.
He is recorded with his profesion in the Role of Freemen of the city of Canterbury 1392-1800 . This is divided into this order:- by birth, by marriage, by apprenticeship, by redemption, by gift.
He is recorded in the Role by marriage thus: Solomon Hougham of London Officer in the Excise.
He is recorded in the marriage Register Book of St Dionis Backchurch parish of London thus: 1739 18 Dec Solomon Hougham of Bromley in the county of Kent bachelor and Lydia Hunt of Canterbury by licence.
He and his wife are recorded in the baptism of their son Henry and his son Charles.
He is recorded in the burial register of St Botolphs Church London for the year 1780 Dec 26.
He is recorded on his memorial monument St Botolphs, Aldersgate Street with the original Hougham coat of Arms thus:- In a vault behind the altar are the remains
of Solomon Hougham who died 18 Dec 1780 aged 76 years,
of Lydia Hougham who died 24 Jan 1789 aged 83 years,
of Ann Hougham who died 20 Nov 1789 aged 36 years,
of Charles Hougham who died 18 January 1793 aged 44 years,
of Jane Hougham who died 1 January 1812 aged 71 years, and also
of Solomon Hougham who died 17 August 1818 aged 72 years.
His unremitting excertions in the support of numerous charitable institutions will cause his death to be severely felt and long lamented.
rr_tree I2209 Hougham, Solomon (I2209)
Recorded is on the Baptismal Register of Bromley Church 1742 Dec 15 as son of Solomon and Lydia Hougham. He was a surgeon in Tenterden Kent from 1774 to his death in 1818
He is recorded in the marriage Register of Church of St Johns Southwark as 1768 June 3 Henry Hougham of St Johns Southwark resided 4 weeks gentleman bachelor 21 years of age married to Jane Carlton of Greenwich spinster 20 years of age at St Johns Southwark with consent of her father Josias Carlton of Greenwich.
He is recorded in baptismal Register of St Mildreds Church Tenterden as father of children John, Henry, Frances, Lidia, Jane,Amelia, Mary, Ralph, Eliza.
He is recorded on the Burial register of his children Lidia an infant, Francis 1 Year, Francis an infant, John, Mary aged 26 years.
He is mentioned in the will of his brother Solomon of Aldersgate Street London "I also give and bequeath the following legacies to wit - To my dear brother Henry Hougham of Tenterden, Kent, Surgeon, one thousand pounds and if my said brother shall depart this life before me the said legacy of one thousand pounds I direct the same to be equally devided between such of his children as shall be then living and I give unto my said brothers children to wit, to Josias Hougham to Amelia Hougham. To Eliza Huntley and to Ralph Hougham five hundred pounds each and to Henry Hougham junior five hundred pounds"
He is recorded on the Register of Burials of St Mildred's Church Tenterden thus:- Henry Hougham of Tenterden 75 Years Buried 14 Sept 1818 Officiating John R Coombe Vicar.
He is recorded on his memorial stone "Henry Hougham died 8 Sept 1818 aged 75. He had issue by Jane his wife 14 children viz Josias, Henry, Amelia,Ralph Pepworth, and Eliza survive. The aforesaid Jane his wife died 18 July 1830 aged 82.
His will is in Somerset House Index 2 Ellenbro 1613/101/873 no. 18 made Aug 1797 and proved in London 25 Feb 1819. It states "This is the will and testament of me Henry Hougham of Tenterden in the county of Kent, Surgeon and Apothecary" " I beququeath unto my dear wife Jane all my household goods, household plate etc except my stock of drugs and other things relating to or belonging to my profession" " I give and bequeath unto my brother Solomon Hougham and the exhors and audits of this my will my ready money securities for money and money in the public stocks and funds drugs and all other of my personal estate and effects whatsoever upon trust. The said Exhors shall sell and convert into money all the personal estate and divide it between my children equally male and female alike who survive him to the age of twenty one years etc according to the laws of Gavelkind.
In Tenterden Churchyard on east side:
Henry HOUGHAM died 8th September, 1818, aged 75. Had issue by Jane his wife ………… Children, viz., Josias, Henry, Amelia, Ralph Papworth and Eliza survive. The aforesaid Jane his wife died 18th July, 1830, aged 82.
rr_tree I2217 Hougham, Henry (I2217)
Referred to as Nellie in Yseult Bridges' book. Allegedly confined to an institution but staying with aunt Emily Royes-Bell in 1861 census (birth place St Helier, Jersey) and with Joseph and Mary Bravo in 1871 census (birth place Jersey).

There is an entry in the 1851 Channel Islands Census for St Helier that is curious:
Ellen Turner, aged 2, born St Helier, visitor with William (29 - labourer) and Sarah (33 - home duties) Halmen, Margaret Halmen (66 - mother of William, formerly laundress), children William (6) and John (4). Four families share the one address.

NOTE: There are many Turners in Jersey, but we do know that "our" Ellen was born in Jersey from census records so if this is "our" Ellen Turner...
1. Is this about the time that Charles is dying and the Halmens were either friends of the Turners or were paid by them to care for Ellen? OR
2. Was Ellen not so much "a helpless imbecile" (Yseult Bridges p 55) as, say, Downs Syndrome, (and rejected by her mother?) OR
3. Mary went to visit her brother in Jamaica after the death of husband Charles, taking the two oldest children but leaving Ellen in care on the basis that it was not possible to take her on such a journey?
rr_tree I1732 Turner Bravo, Ellen (I1732)
Richard is recorded in Knights Visitation 1619 as son of Michael.
He was baptised in St Nicholas Ash 4 June 1574.
He is recorded in Knights Visitation of 1663 as the husband of Elizabeth Saunders, Solomon his son and Henry his grandson.
He is recorded in the will of his father Michael, he is recorded in the will of his mother Edith.
He is recorded in will of daughter Ann as father.
He is recorded in register of burials in Ash Church 8 Oct 1606. He is buried in South Transept. A marble memorial surmounted by the coat of arms [including three elephants heads on a chevron] is on the wall and a brass memorial plate on the floor marks the place. The plate reads "Here lieth buried the bodies of Michael and Richard Hougham, sonnes of Michael Hougham. Michael died in July 1594 and Richard died October1606. Richard married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Saunders, by whom he had three sonnes, Michael, Edward and Solomon, and one daughter named Ann, all livinge. They were men both of a tall stature and comely persons, besides were well esteemed among all sorts of people, both for their vertuous lives and also in thheir younge years for there good and thriftie government, not of themselves onlie but also they were a good stay in the parish among their neighbours. This stone was laid by the appointment of them who were exec to their wills viz Thomas Paramor, now mayor of Canterbury, who married Ann Hougham, their sister, Mr Serles Hawket and Valient Austin, their uncle"
The mural memorial reads
Near unto this monument lyes the
Body of Richard Hougham, Gen
Late of Weddington of the Parish
and Elizabeth - his Wife, who was
the daughter of Edward Saunders
of Norton nere Sandwich Gen w
said Richard & Elizabeth had
Issue 3 Sonnes and on Daughter (viz)
Michael, Edward, Solomon and Ann
The aforesaid Michael and Ann
are also interred here.
This Monument was erected accord-
ing to the last will and testament
of the aforesaid Ann Hougham de-
ceased, who was baptized the 17th
of January Anno Dmii 1601 and de-
parted this natural life the 9th
of June 1661.
If grace and vertue could have deified
Here is interred a maide who nere had did
Her charity on earth, that put her love
On Heaven fitt only for the Saints above
Let theise frayle ashes a memento be
Her life a pattern and a legacy."

A Corner of Kent--J.R. Planche
see also

Michael inherited Weddinton and continued the Ash family, Solomon established the Sandwich family .
"In Peter le Neve's Church Notes we read: "There are in this church four monuments of the St. Nicholas', whose wives are here expressed in pale with their husbands;" and the first mentioned is "St. Nicholas and Engham," which we have been unable to discover.

A Corner of Kent --J.R. Planche - [page 404]: ... the name, like those of Paramore and Hougham, is still found amongst the labouring classes and in the humbler ranks of the community. But "apprenticeship doth not extinguish gentry," and the poooorest and lowliest members of these ancient English families may have the barren satisfaciton of writing the proud motto of "Fuimus" under the excutcheon they have inherited from ancestors who owned the broad acres they now till, in the times of the Plantagenets and the tudors."

Another history says that Richard died of the plague at Sandwich and as no one with plague was allowed to be buried in a church they hedged the law a bit by putting him in a doorway in St Marys church Sandwich after bricking up the doorway into the church first, then pushing hi s remains in next. They bricked up the outside so he was buried neither inside or outside th e church. This story is better attributed to Solomon the son of Richard.
rr_tree I2113 Hougham, Richard (I2113)
Robin Young includes children, from Achievements of Canterbury research,
Elizabeth (bapt 3 Sep 1620 in Stourmouth),
Henry (bapt 12 Oct 1628 in Stourmouth, but note Henry (1632-1694) - possible if this Henry died early),
George (bapt 12 Oct 1628 in Stourmouth, buried 3 Sep 1630) and
Anne (bapt 5 Jun 1631 in Stourmouth, but note Ann (1624-1716) is still alive)
Are the two Henry's and two Ann(e)'s the same, requiring rationalising of dates?

Ireland has Solomon as son of Michael and Judith Austen. Given that Michael died 1583 and Solomon was born 1600. This is impossible.
1600 - He is recorded in register of Baptisms of Ash church 1600 Jan 1: Solomon son of Richard Hougham.
1606 - A Solomon is clearly included in the will of Richard 7 Oct 1606 - RY
1619 - He is recorded on the allegation for his marriage licence, Canterbury, thus: "Solomon Hougham of Northbourne, gentleman bachelor, about 20 years and Mary Beake of same parish, maiden, about 21 years, her parents being all of them dead, married at Birchington, 4 December 1619
1619 - He is recorded on Knights visitation of Kent 1619-1621 as son of Richard.
1632 - He purchased the manor of Shelving (alias Woodnesbury) in Eastry in 1632
1639 - Mayor of Sandwich
1658 - died of the plague in 1658. As no victim of the plague was allowed to be buried in a church the law was hedged a little by placing him in a doorway in St Marys Church. After bricking up the inside of the doorway into the church his remains followed and then finally the outs ide of the doorway was bricked up leaving him buried neither inside nor outside the church. Evidence remains today as does a brass plate inside the church. His memorial is a monument in St Marys Church, Sandwich, and reads "In memory of Solomon Hougham mayor of this town 1639 who dyed 27 Nov 1658 age 59, and of Mary his wife buried 19 Januar y 1641, also of Richard Hougham his eldest son buried 26 Apr 1662, and lastly of Solomon Hougham Esq 2nd son, merchant of London and High Sherriff of Kent 1696 who died a bachelor 16 Marc h 1697 in his 73rd year of his age". " Both the Indies both the poles nay both the worlds knew his traffic, justice and his country too. Giving all on earth the heavenly pearl obtained he lived with profit and he died with gain".
He was succeded by his eldest son Richard.
1661 - He is recorded in the will of his sister Ann which was proved 21 Jan 1661. She also mentions his son Henry, father of his grandson Solomon. Thus" Solomon Hougham, son of my nephew Henry Hougham"
1663 - He is recorded on Knights visitation of Kent 1663 as Solomon Hougham of Ash, with his marriage to Mary Beake and his son Henry of Ash, who signs the statement.
1694 - He is recorded on the will of his son Solomon of Barton Court, Canterbury, dated 7 July 1694, who desires to be buried near "my late father and nother in the chancel of the parish church of St Mary's Sandwich". The will which covers five sheets mentions the other children of Solomon and Mary thus: "I give unto my nephew Charles Hougham, son of my brother Henry Hougham, deceased,1000 pounds. To my brother in law Thomas Harvey and to my sister Ann his wife" etc. The will shows the course by which Barton Court was inherited by Charles, the son of Henry.
rr_tree I2124 Hougham, Solomon (I2124)
Second child and eldest daughter of Robert and Ann. There is a record of birth of a Florence Campbell for 5 Sep 1845 in Sydney, NSW, Australia, her parents being Robert Campbell and Ann Sophia Riley. This is likely to be a match if the birthname of her mother can be sorted out.

Of Australian interest is the fact that her great great uncle, Robert Campbell, in the course of his many interests, established a pastoral property called Duntroon in what is now Canberra, ACT, Australia. The homestead, called Duntroon, is currently the Officers Mess of the Royal Military College. Duntroon is an officer training centre for the Australian Army and the name of a Canberra suburb.

Florence met her first husband in Montreal, Canada. He turned out to be an alcoholic and she sought the help of family acquaintance Dr James Gully (, who specialised in a water cure treatment near Malvern spa (which included treatment for alcohol abuse). He was born in Jamaica in 1808. Florence began an affair with the doctor - brief according to her testimony at the inquest into her second husband's death. She took as companion Mrs Jane Cannon Cox née Edward (though she used Edouard), whose husband had worked for Joseph Bravo in Jamaica, perhaps to guard her reputation. It was Mrs Cox who introduced Charles and Florence. When her husband died, Mrs Cox inherited considerable wealth.

RE: Jane Cox:
1861 Census, England, Parish of Bebington, St. Paul's Ecclesiastical District, 9 [?]George's View, Tranmere, Cheshire, England?Philip COX, head of household, married, aged 27, engineer, born Walgrave, Northamptonshire, England?Jane C. COX, wife, aged 27, born Liverpool, Lancashire, England?John L. C. COX, son, aged 1, born Rock Ferry, Cheshire, England
1881 Census, England, Civil Parish of St. George Hanover Square, St. Saviour's Ecclesiastical Parish, 26 Claverton Street, City of Westminster, London, England?Jane COX, head of household, widow, aged 46?John L. C. COX, son, unmarried, aged 21, medical student (St. Thomas Hospital).?Henry J. R. COX, son, aged 18, corn merchant's clerk, born West Indies?Charles F. T. COX, son, aged 16, clerk (unemployed), born West Indies
1901 Census, 19 Cambridge Road, Borough of Lewisham, Administrative County of London, England,?Jane COX, head, widow, aged 70 years, living on own means?Henry P. R. COX, son, single, aged 38, forage contractor working on own account, born Jamaica, West Indies
Information from a family member:
*Philip Cox married Jane Cannon Edwards in England in 1858.
*He died in Jamaica in 1865.
*He worked for Joseph BRAVO [see above] as an engineer on his estates.
rr_tree I1735 Campbell, Florence (I1735)
Ships Rigger of 4 Garford Street and 12 Church Row Limehouse

After his fathers death, he and brother William Henry carried on the business.

For subsequent generations go to

Godfather to Charles John Huffam Dickens, English novelist - see the article at

"The Dickensonian" vol.25 p.66.Mr W.H.Huffam of Norwich writes: It may interest you to know that I possess the original portrait you give of my great grandfather, Christopher Huffam. It was photographed for publication about 30 years ago,whehen I resided in Manchester. It is an oil painting by Sir Thomas Lawrence,and my grandfather, Solomon Huffam, son of Christopher Huffam then living in London, used to tell me with pride that it cost 100 pound to paint and that his father was saiid to be one of the handsomest men in London, and that he was a Gentleman in waiting to King William IV, an honour given him in recognition of his work in connection with the war in France. He fitted out a Privateer at his own expense and she did valuable service. I came into possession of the portrait on the death of my Grandfather together with a quantity of old legal documents referring to property in Limehouse."
rr_tree I3665 Huffam, Christopher (I3665)
Son of Sweyn, Canute became undisputed King of England in 1016, and his rivals (Ethelred's surviving sons and Edmund's son) fled abroad. In 1018, the last Danegeld of 82,500 pounds was paid to Canute. Ruthless but capable, Canute consolidated hihis position by marrying Ethelred's widow Emma (Canute's first English partner - the Church did not recognise her as his wife - was set aside, later appointed regent of Norway). During his reign, Canute also became King of Denmark and Norway; his inheritance and formidable personality combined to make him overlord of a huge northern empire.
During his inevitable absences in Scandinavia, Canute used powerful English and Danish earls to assist in England's government - English law and methods of government remained unchanged.

A second-generation Christian for reasons of politics as well as faith, Canute went on pilgrimage to Rome in 1027-8. (It was allegedly Christian humility which made him reject his courtiers' flattery by demonstrating that even he could not stop the waves; later hostile chroniclers were to claim it showed madness.)

Canute was buried at Winchester. Given that there was no political or governmental unity within his empire, it failed to survive owing to discord between his sons by two different queens - Harold Harefoot (reigned 1035-40) and Harthacnut (reigned 1040-42) - and the factions led by the semi-independent Earls of Northumbria, Mercia and Wessex.

rr_tree I3588 Canute King of England 1016-1035 (I3588)
Succeeded his father as Jarl av Maera. He was known variously as; Thorri the Silent, Thore Tegjande, and as Thorri av Maera and More. He married, as her first husband, Alof Arbot, (The Fecund), daughter of Harold Fairhair, King of Norway and his wife, Snefrida. Secondly, Alof Arbot married Haakon, Jarl of Hlade, by whom she had Sigurd of Hlade, a half-brother to Thorbard and Berglioth. Thorir was a full-brother to Rolf the Ganger (Rollo or Robert I of Normandy) , who conquered Normandy in 912 and also a half-brother of Peat or Torf Einar, Jarl av the Orkneys. Also, he was a full-brother to Hrollager [possibly half brother -RY] who married Emina, and became ancestor of the Bigod family, and of Ivar, who was killed in a raid on the Hebrides. He was also half-brother to Hallad, fourth Earl of the Orkneys, and of Hrollaur, who settled at Eyiaford, Iceland. Thorir was called "Thorri the Silent" by his brothers Peat Einar and Rolf the Ganger, because he did nothing. He rremained silent after his father was murdered. They felt that as Rognvald's successor as Jarl of More and Maera, he should have avenged Rognvald's death. However, in that his wile was Alof Arbot, a daughter of King Harold Fairhair and a sister of his father's murderers, he remained silent and left the avenging of his father's death to his half-brother, Peat Einar.

William J Pye suggests the following descendancy for Thori Jarl of Møre Thori "The Silent" Tegjande Rognvaldsson 870 :
Herbert or Thorbert Fitz Thori, (Sieur de la Mare) b. ABT 0899 d ...
Walter Fitz Herbert Sieur de la Mare 950
William Fitz Walter Fitz Herbert Sieur de la Mare 980
Norman Fitz William Fitz Walter Sieur de la Mare 1005
William Fitz Norman Sieur de la Mare 1030
Hugh Fitz William de la Mare de Kilpeck 1056
Thomas ap Hugh de la Mare de Kilpeck of Saddlebow I 1082
rr_tree I3198 Rognvaldsson, Thori Earl of Møre (Maer) (I3198)
Succeeded Sir Nicholas Bacon as Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal and Lord Chancellor of England. Presided at the trial and sentence of Mary Queen of Scots and never got over the responsibility. Died two months after she was finally executed. Buried in Westminster Abbey - tomb reads (trans from Latin): "When he had for eight years delivered equity with singular integrity and temper of mind, being snatched hastily away to the grief of all good men, was here buried." The monument is of Lydian marble and alabaster. The effigy represents the chancellor in his robes, in front kneel his eight children, at the back is the official purse supported by winged boys, above in the spandrels are the figures of fame and immortality, bearing trumpets.
rr_tree I2277 Bromley, Sir Thomas (I2277)
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001:

Philip IV, king of France (Philip the Fair), 1268–1314, king of France (1285–1314), son and successor of Philip III. The policies of his reign greatly strengthened the French monarchy and increased the royal revenues. Philip asserted his right to tax the clergy for the defense of the realm, thus making permanent a special tax permitted by the popes for support of crusades. Pope Boniface VIII opposed this measure by the bull Clericis laicos (1296), but when threatened with loss of revenues from France he capitulated (1297). The conflict was revived by the arrest and condemnation by the king's court (1301) of Bishop Bernard Saisset. Boniface demanded that Saisset be sent to Rome for trial, issued two bulls denouncing Philip, anand called for a council at Rome in Nov., 1302. Philip, in retaliation, convoked the nobility, clergy, and commons in the first FrenchStates-General (1302–3) to hear a justification of his course of action; and Boniface issued (1302) the bullUnanam sanctam, an extreme statement of his right to intervene in temporal and religious matters. Threatened by excommunication, Philip had Boniface seized at Anagni. Although freed, Boniface soon died (1303). After the brief pontificate of Benedict XI, Philip secured the election as pope of Clement V, who annulled Boniface's bulls, and in 1309 transferred the papal residence to Avignon, thus beginning the "Babylonian captivity" of the papacy. Clement cooperated with Philip in his persecution of the Knights Templars, whose wealth the king appropriated to finance his wars. Other wealthy groups persecuted by Philip were the Jews and the Lombards (Italian bankers). Philip also debased the coinage. Between 1294 and 1296, Philip overerran Guienne, the duchy of King Edward I of England; in 1297 Edward came to the defense of his lands. A truce (1297) became (1303) a permanent peace, conceding Guienne to Edward. After the withdrawal of Edward, Philip turned his attention toward Flanders. He aided the Flemish towns against the count of Flanders, Guy of Dampierre, and after Guy's defeat (1300), he imposed French rule on the Flemish. They rebelled and defeated (1302) the French at the disastrous battle of Courtrai. Although Philip was victorious over the Flemish in 1304, he was forced, in subsequent treaties, to reduce his demands on them. Philip was more successful in his attempts to expand at the expense of the Holy Roman Empire; Lyons and Viviers were incorporated into France during his reign. Philip summoned the States-General twice more (1308, 1314), chiefly to obtain support for his warfare. His son, Louis X, succeeded him.

See study by C. T. Wood (2d ed. 1971).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright © 2003 Columbia University Press.
rr_tree I2914 Phillip IV King of France (I2914)
The following is an extract from an email corrrespondence:

Re: Gunnora d'Aunou
• To:
• Subject: Re: Gunnora d'Aunou
• From: Robert Helmerichs
• Date: Sat, 19 May 2001 20:21:57 -0500 wrote:
The mother of Richard Fitz Gilbert is unknown to the authorities I checked, but plugging the name into a search engine immediately disclosed a raft of probably phony data about her, to wit:

Gunnora d'Aunou (Anjou?) born Abt 0984 Of France
father: *Herbastus (Herfast) de Crepon Prince of Denmark born (estimated 0945)
mother: *Cyrid Queen of Sweden
*Aveline (Wevia) (Duceline) de Crepon born 974 Longueville, Normandy, France; Died: France
*Senfrie (Sainfrie) De Crepon Born: Abt 970 Of,France
*Sibell De Crepon born (estimated 0973)
spouse: *Gilbert "Crispin" Count of Brionne born about 0979 Normandy, France, died 1023 France
*Richard "de Tonbridge" "de Clare" Fitzgilbert
* etc, etc,

Leonard Lipschutz

That's an interesting series of names -- because Gunnor, consort of Richard I of Normandy, had a raft of ill-attested sisters from whom the entire post-conquest Norman nobility later claimed descent, including Sainsfreda, Wevia, and Duvelina; the Giffard/Clare family is supposedly descended from Wevia. The Aunou family is alleged to have derived from another, unnamed sister. For all this, see Elisabeth M. C. van Houts, "Robert of Torigni as Genealogist," in Studies in Medieval Historry Presented to R. Allen Brown, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill, Christopher J. Holdsworth and Janet Nelson (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1990), 215-233, who largely accepts this genealogy, although it is quite controversial (some historians believe that the nobles invented these "sisters of Gunnor" to tie themselves to the ducal family).

It sounds like somebody was looking at Gunnor's alleged genealogy and conflated it with her sister's purported posterity.


Robert Helmerichs:
The Haskins Society:
Norman Bibliography: [inactive]
The Planctus for William Longsword:
rr_tree I3548 d' Aunou, Gunnora (I3548)
229 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I1271 Living (I1271)
There are several convicts names James Bradley and it is difficult to determine which one is which!
was transported on the "William and Mary" on 28 August, 1791.
The ship "William and Mary" was 370 tons and built of Kings Yards in 1759.
On 27 March, 1791 with 188 male Convicts, "William and Mary" left England for the Colony. Although it was an old ship, she traveled the distance from England to New South Wales in 154 days, losing 7 dead on that voyage.
She arrived at Port Jackson on 28 August 1791 after sailing non-stop from Rio de Janiero (Ref. "The Third Fleet Convicts" R.J.Ryan)
James Bradley was convicted at Maidstone, Kent 15 July,1790 and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment. After he obtained his Ticket of Leave, he was granted 30 acres in the district of Mulgrave Place, on 10 May 1803. This carried a rent of two (2) shillings after he had worked his acreage for five years and started making a profit. The Pioneer Register of 1828 noted that he had died in England but recorded no actual date.
rr_tree I1870 Bradley, James (I1870)
These notes from Robin Young:

Constable of Dover Castle 1226 Confirmed by plaque in Dover Castle??Confirmed the grants of land in Northeye which his mother had made to Edmund son of William Goding. Geoffrey and Simon witnessed this grant of their brother William.??Claimed thhe manor of Averanches against Hugh Bigot Earl of Norfolk 1224??Constable of Dover Castle Lord Warden of the Cinque ports??Defended Rochester Castle against King John 1202, was taken prisoner and held until 1221??William de Auberville, senior, oon his foundation of the priory of West Langdon, in 1192, gave to it this church of St. Mary of Ledene, in pure and perpetual alms, which was confirmed by Simon de Albrincis, (fn. 1) and by Sir Simon de Cryoll, great-grandson of the former. After which, archbishop Walter granted licence for the canons of the priory to serve in it themselves, which prevented a vicarage being endowed in it; and the prior and canons thenceforward appropriated the whole profits of this church to themselveses. In which state it continued till the dissolution of the priory, which happened anno 27 Henry VIII. when it was suppressed, as not having annual revenues of the amount of the clear value of two hundred pounds, and was given, with all its landnds and possessions, to the king, who in his 29th year, granted it, among other possessions of the priory, in exchange to the archbishop. In which state it continues at this time, his grace the archbishop being now entitled to the rectory of this church, with the manor of Liddon appurtenant to it.??From: 'Parishes: Liddon', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 8 (1799), pp. 127-132. URL: Date accessed: 05 December 2007.??Is the Simon his father or a son???THE MANOR OF CAPELL, called likewise the manor of St. Mary le Merge, was antiently part of the possessions of Nigell de Muneville, whose descendant William de Muneville leaving an only daughter and heir, she carried it in marriage to William de Albrincis, or Averenches, whose son, of the sams name, leaving likewise an only daughter and heir Matilda, she entitled her husband Hamo de Crevequer to it. He left ffour daughters, of whom Elene, married to Bertram de Crioll, on the partition of their inheritance, entitled her husband to this manor, and he died possessed of it in the 23d year of Edward I. leaving two sons John and Bertram, who both died s.p. and a daughter Joane, who upon the death of the latter became his heir, and carried this manor, among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, whose eldest daughter and coheir Agnes entitled her husband Thomas de Poynings to the possession of it; in whose descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, of Westenhanger, (fn. 1) governor of Dover castle and lord warden, who in the 12th year of king Henry the's reign gave it in marriage with Mary, one of his natural daughters, to Thomas Fynes, lord Clinton and Saye, to whom this manor was confirmed in the 30th year of it. His son Edward, lord Clinton and Saye, in the reign of queen Mary, passed it away by sale to Mr. Henry Herdson; after which it continued in like manner as Folkestone, and his other estates in this neighbourhood, till the death of Sir Basill Dixwell, bart. of Brome, about the latter end of king Charles II.'s reign; soon after which Oliver Wright and others, under the direction of the court of chancery, in 1691, conveyed it to William Young, who pulled down the antient mansion of this manor, and built the present court-lodge of it. At his death he devised it to his son Nicholas young, who died unmarriried; upon which it came to his sister Elizabeth, who had married first Henry Hughes, esq. by whom she had a daughter, married to the Rev. John Minet, of Eythorne; and 2dly, Wm. Veal, esq. of Dover; and on her death, by the entail of her father's will, it came to her son by her second husband, Young Veal, who by recovery in 1744, barred the future remainders. After his death it was sold in 1753, under a decree of chancery, to William Minet, esq. of London, who died possessed of it in 1767, and by will devised this manor, with Church and Capell-sole farms, and other lands belonging to it, to his nephew Hughes Minet, esq. of London, who is now the owner of them. (fn. 2) This manor is subject to a castle-guard rent to Dover castle.??From: 'Parishes: Capell', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 8 (1799), pp. 142-147. URL: Date accessed: 05 December 2007.
rr_tree I2994 d' Avranches, William (I2994)
These notes from Robin Young:

Hasted suggests that Matilda is the daughter of the William who is recorded in this tree as her brother??It appears by the inquisitions returned into the exchequer in the 13th and 14th years of king John, of the knights fees and other services h held in capite, that this place was then in the possession of the family of Albrincis, (fn. 1) one of whom, William de Albrincis, or Averenches, dying s. p. Maud, his sister, at length became her brother's heir, and entitled her husband, Hamo de Crevequer, to the possession of it. He died in the 47th year of king Henry the IIId.'s reign, before which however, this manor seems to have passed in marriage with one of his daughters, Elene, to Bertram de Criol.??From: 'Parishes: Horsemonden', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 311-22.??IGHTHAM was held in the reign of king Henry III. by Hamo de Crevequer, who died possessed of it in the 47th year of that reign, anno 1262, leaving Robert, his grandson, his heir. By his wife, Maud de Albrincis, or Averenches, he had also four daughters, Agnes, wife of John de Sandwich, Isolda, of Nicholas de Lenham; Elene, of Bertram de Criol; and Isabel, of Henry de Gaunt.??From: 'Parishes: IIghtham', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 33-45.??Bertram de Criol, lord of Oftenhanger, and constable of Dover-castle, from the 17th to the 22d, and so on till the end of the first half of the 23d year of it, whose grandson was usually stiled the Great Lord of Kent, on account of the great possessions in this county, which accrued to him in right of his wife. Alianore, one of the daughters, and at length coheir of Hamon de Crevequer, lolord of Leeds castle, and of Maud his wife, daughter and heir of William de Averenches, lord of Folkestone.??From: 'General history: Sheriffs of Kent', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1 (1797), pp. 177-213. URLL: Date accessed: 30 November 2007.??THE MANOR OF CAPELL, called likewise the manor of St. Mary le Merge, was antiently part of the possessions of Nigell de Muneville, whose descendant William de Muneville leaving an only daughter and heir, she carried it in marriage to William de Albrincis, or Averenches, whose son, of the sams name, leaving likewise an only daughter and heir Matilda, she entitled her husbaand Hamo de Crevequer to it. He left four daughters, of whom Elene, married to Bertram de Crioll, on the partition of their inheritance, entitled her husband to this manor, and he died possessed of it in the 23d year of Edward I. leaving two sons John and Bertram, who both died s.p. and a daughter Joane, who upon the death of the latter became his heir, and carried this manor, among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, whose eldest daughter and coheir Agnes entitled her husband Thomas de Poynings to the possession of it; in whose descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, of Westenhanger, (fn. 1) governor of Dover castle and lord warden, who in the 12th year of king Henry the's reign gave it in marriage with Mary, one of his natural daughters, to Thomas Fynes, lord Clinton and Saye, to whom this manor was confirmed in the 30th year of it. His son Edward, lord Clinton and Saye, in the reign of queen Mary, passed it away by sale to Mr. Henry Herdson; after which it continued in like manner as Folkestone, and his other estates in this neighbourhood, till the death of Sir Basill Dixwell, bart. of Brome, about the latter end of king Charles II.'s reign; soon aftter which Oliver Wright and others, under the direction of the court of chancery, in 1691, conveyed it to William Young, who pulled down the antient mansion of this manor, and built the present court-lodge of it. At his death he devised it to hiis son Nicholas young, who died unmarried; upon which it came to his sister Elizabeth, who had married first Henry Hughes, esq. by whom she had a daughter, married to the Rev. John Minet, of Eythorne; and 2dly, Wm. Veal, esq. of Dover; and on heher death, by the entail of her father's will, it came to her son by her second husband, Young Veal, who by recovery in 1744, barred the future remainders. After his death it was sold in 1753, under a decree of chancery, to William Minet, esq. of London, who died possessed of it in 1767, and by will devised this manor, with Church and Capell-sole farms, and other lands belonging to it, to his nephew Hughes Minet, esq. of London, who is now the owner of them. (fn. 2) This manor is subject to a castle-guard rent to Dover castle.??From: 'Parishes: Capell', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 8 (1799), pp. 142-147. URL: Date accessed: 05 December 2007.
rr_tree I3002 d' Avranches, Matilda Maud (I3002)
Thomas had been transported in 1828 on the ‘Phoenix’ for his crimes. From records which included his Certificate of Freedom in 1834, he was convicted of Highway Robbery at the Lincoln Assizes 28 July 1827. His description was 5 feet 5 inches tall with dark ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, and light hazel eyes. We know these facts because the authorities of the time needed full description of any felons who absconded.
Thomas Crossley was tried on July 28 1827 in Lincoln, England Convict record : AO NSW Ref-4/4013 page 9 COD Reel 398 Thomas Crossley aged 23 can read, protestant, batchelor, navigator and labourer. Tried for Highway Robbery at Lincoln, 7 years, 2nd offence. 5' 3/4", ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, light hazel eyes, scar of cut at right corner of mouth, scar on left forehead, toes next to the great and little ones of both feet are crooked. Disposed of to Thomas Johnson at Portland Head. Received T of L 32/1281, dated 31 Dec 1832. Thomas was allowed to remain in the district of Windsor, NSW. Thomas arr per PHOENIX (3) sailed from Spithead 7 March 1828, arrived SYDNEY 14 July 1828. State Records Ticket of Leave... Crossley/Thomas/34/1242/3 Oct 1834/Phoenix/1828/4/4324/Film 993/TL32/1281 Bench Making Recommendation..June 30 1832 NB. A James Crossley aged 27 years, from Manchester was also listed on the Phoenix indent
Marriage : With the consent of Ann's parents and Governor. The witnesses to the marriage of Thomas Crossley and Ann Baily were Christopher Monks of MacDonald River and James Adams of Nelsons Reach. Both Thomas and Ann signed with an X. They were married by Edgifford Pryce, the Chaplain of the Church of England. The marriage was solemnized in the Parish of the Lower Hawkesbury, No 416, Vol. 24 B. Sources : Title: Registry BDM - index Repository Call number Media : Electronic Page : Ref V1840416 24B/1840
Thomas' death certificate states his mother was Hannah. This does not seem the case unless Mary Bandy had a second name
Marriage : With the consent of Ann's parents and Governor.
Convict banns were posted for the marriage of Thomas Crossley and Ann Bailey
Thomas also used Henry as a first name
The burial date on the graves is different than the death date here (29/12/1874 aged 74.8)
rr_tree I5315 Crossley, Thomas (I5315)
Torf Peat Einar was the father of Thorfinn I, known as Skulicleiffer, "Skull Cleaver", and grandfather of Thorold, Sieur de Pont Audemer, who married Wewa, daughter of Harold VIII Blatan d, first christian king of Denmark, and his wife, Cyrid (Cynthia), Queen of Sweden.
Thobard, Fitz Thori: Also known as Thorbert, Thoribert, or Herbert, the Northman av Maera. As a youn g, boy, he was the steersman in the fleet of his uncle, Rolf the Ganger, when they took ove r Normandy from King Charles the Simple in 912. Thorbard was a brother of Berglioth, who marr ied Grjotgard. Berglioth and Grjotgard were parents of Haakon, father of Sigurd, who was th e father of Jarl Haakon, Sigurdso the Great, who ruled Norway from 970 to 995.
Thorbard was g iven, by his Uncle Rolf, the Grand Fief of Maera in Normandy, named for their village in Norway, a name which the French of the area soon converted to La Mare, or La Grande Mare. It still exists near St. Opportune and is next to Pont Audemare, which was assigned by Rolf to Thorbard's cousin, Thorold, who was ancestor to the Beaumonts and the Newburgs. In Norway and in N ormandy, Maera was often written "Mara".
894 - Turf-Einar, son of Rognwald and half brother of Rollo, becomes earl of Orkney. When Earl Ragnvald in More heard of the death of his brother Earl Sigurd, and that the vikings were in possession of the country, he sent his son Hallad westward, who took the title of earl to begin with, and had many men-at-arms with him. When he arrived at the Orkney Islands, he established himself in the country; but both in harvest, winter, and spring, the vikings cruised about the isles plundering the headlands, and committing depredations on the coast. Then Earl Hallad grew tired of the business, resigned his earldom, took up again his rights as an allodial owner, and afterwards returned eastward into Norway.
When Earl Ragnvald heard of this he was ill pleased with Hallad, and said his sons were very unlike their ancestors. Then said Einar, "I have enjoyed but little honour among you, and have little affection here to lose: now if you will give me force enough, I will go west to the islands, and promise you what at any rate will please you -- that you shall never see me again." Earl Ragnvald replied, that he would be glad if he never came back; "For there is little hope," said he, "that thou will ever be an honour to thy friends, as all thy kin on thy mother's side are born slaves."
Earl Ragnvald gave Einar a vessel completely equipped, and he sailed with it into the West sea in harvest. When he came to the Orkney Isles, two vikings, Thorer Treskeg and Kalf Skurfa, were in his way with two vessels. He attacked them instantly, gained the battle, and slew the two vikings. Then this was sung: -- "Then gave he Treskeg to the trolls, Torfeinar slew Skurfa." He was called Torfeinar, because he cut peat for fuel, there being no firewood, as in Orkney there are no woods. He afterwards was earl over the islands, and was a mighty man. He was ugly, and blind of an eye, yet very sharp-sighted withal.
rr_tree I3203 Rognvaldsson, Turf-Einer Earl of Orkney (I3203)
Viscount of Devonshire, heriditary Sheriff of Devonshsire, Castalan of Exeter

Was adopted by his uncle Richard de Brion/Redvers and inherited the Barony of Okehampton of his half brother Ralph Avenell

When King William I (the Conqueror) had conquered England, he gave to those men who came over with him great estates and among them was Baldwin de Brionis (so named from a place in Normandy) who was given many estates and the Barony of Okehampton. Baldwin was the second son of Gilbert de Crispin, Count of Brioniis, son of Godfrey, Count d' Eu, natural son of Richard, the first of that name, Duke of Normandy. Richard was the greatgrandfather of William the Conqueror.

Baldwin married Albreda, niece of the Conqueror. Because he was so close in kin to the Conqueror he was given, in addition to the Barony of Okehampton, the Castle of Exeter, and the Custody of the whole county of Devon. They had issue: Richard, Adela and Emma.

Adela was married to "a Kentish Knight", Emma married first, William Avenel, by whom she had issue Ralph, and second to William de Abrincis, by whom she had Robert. Robert de Abrincis was dearly loved by Richard de Brionis, who treated him as his heir but Robert married a daughter of Godwin Dole and departed "out of England" beyond the seas. They had a daughter named Matilda who was married to the Lord of Aincourt.

Baldwin was succeeded by his son Richard, a stout soldier in his young years but very devout in his later years and left no heirs.

His whole estates and honors went to his sister Adela (or Adelicia). Ralph Avenel (son of her sister Emma) was heir to these estates but he refused to marry the daughter of of Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, and instead he married a daughter of RichRichard de Redvers, Earl of Devonshire. Reginald was so infuriated he sent for Robert de Abrincis' daughter Matilda (from beyond the seas). King Henry II , on the advice of Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, gave her to Robert, natural son to King Henry I and brother of Reginald. They had daughters Hawise and Matilda, who became the heirs of de Brionis estates, (other sources say they were halfsisters) who married Reginald de Courtenay and his son (or brother?) William de Courtenay.

Reginald de Courtenay and Hawise were benefactors of the Abbey of Ford and were buried there. This Robert husband of Matilda, who was one of at least 13 natural sons of King Henry I, was the son of Edith, sister to Ive, son of Forme, son of Segewold, who were great barons of the north. She named him Robert FitzEde and he became Earl Marshal of England and,in right of his wife, Baron of Okehampton from whom Hawise inherited the estates.Robert FitzEde died in 1172 and Matilda died in 1173 he was buried in Osney Abbey.

SOURCE NOTES for Hawise follow:
She was the eldest daughter (or granddaughter? she seems to be a daughter of Robert FitzEde and another source The Complete Peerage says she was the daughter of William Curcy dead by 1162 and his wife Maud d' Avranches and a granddaughter of Robert d' Avranches ) of Robert d'Abrincis(or Avranches), Baron of Oakhampton.
rr_tree I2673 d' Avranches, Robert Viscount of Devonshire (I2673)
Was sent out with a ship load of men by Queen Victoria to establish a whaling station on the Auckland Islands. Conditions were so severe that they finally gave up. All except two families (the Cook's and the Bromley's) returned to England. They settled in New Zealand. The Bromleys moved to Porirua Ferry and there the rest of the children were born.

Paul Dingwall
An archaeological reconstruction of the 1849-52 Enderby Settlement at Port Ross.
Abstract: The so-called Enderby Settlement, established on the shores of Port Ross at the AucklandIslands in the period 1849 to 1852, was one of the most remote and short-lived of all British colonies. The brainchild of the English entrepreneur Charles Enderby, its resident Lieutenant-Governor, the colony was intended as a whaling station and agricultural base for provisioning ships in the region. When whaling failed and farming proved fruitless, the intended town of Hardwicke was never established and the settlement was abandoned, with all but one of about 30 buildings dismantled and removed. This paper presents the results of a 2003 archaeological survey of the site, which along with contemporary diaries and illustrations, has enabled the layout of the settlement to be reliably re-constructed for the first time. The locations of two outlying farmhouses, on AucklandIsland and EnderbyIsland, were also investigated and mapped. The survey demonstrates various archaeological techniques used for revealing a disappeared settlement where there are few material remains, and unaided by sub-surface excavations.

Read more about the Auckland Islands and the Enderby Settlement at and
rr_tree I2283 Bromley, James Hindsley (I2283)
Well-trained by Alfred, his son Edward 'the Elder' (reigned 899-924) was a bold soldier who defeated the Danes in Northumbria at Tettenhall in 910 and was acknowledged by the Viking kingdom of York. The kings of Strathclyde and the Scots submitted to Edward in 921. By military success and patient planning, Edward spread English influence and control. Much of this was due to his alliance with his formidable sister Aethelflaed, who was married to the ruler of Mercia and seems to have governed that kingdom after her husband's death.
Edward was able to establish an administration for the kingdom of England, whilst obtaining the allegiance of Danes, Scots and Britons. Edward died in 924, and he was buried in the New Minster which he had had completed at Winchester. Edward was twice married, but it is possible that his eldest son Athelstan was the son of a mistress.
He was married three times and had about 18 children.
rr_tree I2710 Edward the Elder King of Wessex 899-924 (I2710)
When Nicholas Michael Bogiatzis went to Townsville from the Northern Territory in 1918, he decided to try to make a living out of the dyeing trade his father had followed in Castellorizo. Bogiatzis had come to Australia in 1918 with his wife Elenie, and worked for a few months with many of his fellow islanders on the construction of the meatworks in Darwin, and the railway from Darwin to Katherine. In Townsville, he rented a small shop in Flinders Street, and started his business, dyeing suits in different colours, and dyeing curtains and materials for shops.
Meeting with early success, Nicholas decided to expand, and within a few years he had added a steam laundry and a dry laundry laundry to his business. Throughout the 1920s, the business was worked by Nicholas and Elenie, while the family lived iin rooms at the back of the shop. In those days, conditions were trying. They were offering their customers a twenty-four hour service - that is, the clothes brought to the shop in the morning had to be ready in the afternoon; and clothes brought later in the day had to be ready next morning. To give that service, they worked from 6 a.m. until midnight.
In the early days, the cost of laundering was low: sheets tuppence [two pennies] each, pillow cases a penny, shirts sixpence, stiff shirts a shilling, collars tuppence, and trousers one shilling and six pence. To improve his income, Nicholas began to do millinery work, cleaning and repairing hats. In about 1927, he brought out his brother George. Staying with Nicholas until he learnt the trade, George then started a laundry of his own in Flinders Street. After a few years in the originnal shop, Nicholas shifted the business to another site in Flinders Street, at first taking a lease of the premises and later buying the freehold. At the same time, he continued to expand the business, introducing steam presses, washing machines, steam boilers and machines for cleaning stiff collars.
- From Denis Conimos, The Greeks in Queensland

Elenie and the four children spent 1926-1932 in Brisbane, the children attending Greek school there. They returned to Townsville.
The Bogiatzis brothers Mick and Con eventually got into successful fruit and vegetables shops.
rr_tree I490 Bogiatzis, Nicholas Michael (I490)
Will of Stephen Forde.folio W/ l3/l498 Oct,24. "To he buried in church of St Nicholas
... to Michael Forde my brother,
... to Alice Crombroke my sister,
... to Isabell Lorcom,
... to John Tokr,
... to my wife Margaret my place with all lands for life,except five acres of pasture at Nell, besides the place of William Cokks,... etc.
Footnote says that wife Margaret was a sister to Stephen Hougham who died l48l, and her sister Isabell was wife of Henry Moussrade or Musred.
"Excrs.wife Margaret, Leman Gason, William Dent - probated at Wingham 15 Nov. 1498. Will of Margaret Hougham Forde dated 28 Jan. 1500 - 01.Proved 18 Mar.1501 to be buried at St Nicholas, mentions Richard Tucker, John Tucker, and Bennett Tucker" (see Stephen's will - mentions John Toker or Tohr.
Will of John Toker was proved 15 Nov. 1498 ... his children at Wingham.
It would appear that Stephen and Margaret had no children - none being mentioned in either wills. Also that
the Tohr or Toker or Tucker was same name, and probably a relative, seeing they both mention him.The children
of John Tucker bear family names of Houghams.
rr_tree I3995 Forde, Stephen (I3995)
William Longsword, 2nd Duke of Normandy from 927 to 942, was also Duke of Aquitaine and died in 942, slain by Arnulf of Flanders with whom he had in good faith gone to confer. He married (1) Leudegarde, daughter of Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, no issue; (2) Espriota (Sporta), daughter of Hubert, Count of Senlis (St. Liz) and cousin of William Longsword. :

died 17 Dec., 942, Picardy [France]
also called William Longsword , French Guillaume Longue-épée  son of Rollo and second duke of Normandy (927–942). He sought continually to expand his territories either by conquest or by exacting new lands from the French king for the price of homage. In 939 he allied himself with Hugh the Great in the revolt against King Louis IV; through the mediation of the pope, the war ended, and Louis renewed William's investiture of Normandy (940). William, however, continued his territorial ambitions, especially northward. Drawn to a conference on an island in the Somme River, he was assassinated on the orders of the count of Flanders, Arnulf I.
rr_tree I2775 William I "Longsword" Duke of Normandy (I2775)
241 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I3742 Living (I3742)
Ælfthryth (c.?945 - 1000 or 1001, also Alfrida, Elfrida or Elfthryth) was the second or third wife of King Edgar of England. Ælfthryth was the first king's wife known to have been crowned and anointed as Queen of the Kingdom of England. Mother of King Æthelred the Unready, she was a powerful political figure. She was linked to the murder of her stepson King Edward the Martyr and appeared as a stereotypical bad queen and evil stepmother in many medieval histories.
rr_tree I2720 Aelfthryth (I2720)
243 A John Royes record is unlikely to be our John Royes but let's keep it on record just in case!
England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975
Dec 2 1688 - Harpenden, Hertford, England
James Royes, Sarah 
rr_tree I4362 Royes, John (I4362)
244 Croydon Mining News 24 Jan1908: Mr Tom D'ARCY of the Normanton Telegraph office is at present in Croydon effecting necessary repairs to the local .....ments. He returns to the seaside tomorrow. rr_tree I211 d' Arcy, Thomas Joseph (I211)
245 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I1048 Living (I1048)
246 Rockhampton Morning Bulletin 19 March 1908:

Mr Joseph Olive, a very old resident of Rockhampton, died yesterday at his residence, Yaamba-road, and will be buried to-day in the North Rockhampton cemetery.
The deceased came to Rockhampton from Adelaide with his parents about 1860 and remained here. He followed several occupations, but was chiefly engaged in the carrying business.
Mr. Olive was sixty-five years of age, and had not been in good health since the death of his wife, which occurred about three or four years ago. He has left a large family of grown-up sons and daughters. 
rr_tree I5948 Olive, Joseph (I5948)
247 Rockhampton Morning Bulletin 24 Jan 2009 describes him as "late of North Rockhampton"; the Mackay Daily Mercury 24 Jan 2009 describes him as "late of Bowen"; both give his age as 94 rr_tree I6289 Ferguson, Claude de J (I6289)
248 Sydney Morning Herald, Thursday 9 April 1874:
SMAIL - WRIGHT. April 7, at the residence of the bride's father, by the Rev. W. Moore White, LL.D., T.C.D., John Moore Smail, C.E., fourth son of the late Alexander Smail, Esq., to Margaret Jane, third daughter of John Wright, Esq., Crown Road, Miller's Point, Sydney 
rr_tree Family F4545
249 The Times, Thursday 7 June 1883, page 1
On the 5th June, at St Marylebone Church, by the Rev Blomefield Slight, M.A., Vicar of Swainlincote [sic] Derbyshire, assisted by the Rev F J Jomini, B.A., Walter George Gill, Esq., only son of the late Walter Bettershell Gill, M.D., Lond., of 9 Cambridge Terrace, Regent’s Park, to Alice, daughter of the late Charles Augustus Turner, Esq., of Jersey, and step-daughter of the late Joseph Bravo, Esq., of Palace Gardens, Kensington, and Jamiaca. 
rr_tree Family F609
250  rr_tree I3728 Huffam, Timotheos Blake (I3728)
Walter B Gill28Head
Georgia M Gill22Wife
Walter Geor Gill2Son
Georgianna M Gill1Daughter
Emma Sarah Gill4 MoDaughter
Alexr Pyne Glave17Pupil
Matthew Morris17Pupil
Ann Crawshaw39Servant
Margt Watson17Servant
George Hughes15Servant
rr_tree I1856 King, Georgiana Martha (I1856)
    On the use of McArthur and McCarthy:
  • "McArthur" appears on Hugh's birth registration in Sydney (1855)
  • "McCarthy" appears on the wedding documents (1875), for both Hugh and father Alexander - this is not a one-off clerical error because...
  • "McCarthy" is used for registration of the births of Hugh's children (1875-1898) in Morpeth and Armidale and for death records for those who died 1900 and earlier
  • "McArthur" is used thereafter
  • I have used McArthur for consistency except for those who were born and died McCarthy.

I have searched for birth records in Scotland for both Alexander McArthur and Alexander McCarthy without any success. (Lots of Alexander McCarthys born in Ireland!)
See the document in the family file listing birth registrations. 
rr_tree I2137 McArthur, Hugh (I2137)
253 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I3212 Living (I3212)
254 A "J ROYES" is buried in Home Hill Cemetery grave #35 - no details except note "buried approximately 1924" rr_tree I964 Royes, John Hougham (I964)
255 A "Wesford Royes" is recorded as having died 14 Nov 1980 aged 76 (b 1904) in Old Harbour, Saint Catherine, Jamaica rr_tree I1520 Royes, Westford (I1520)
256 A badly transcribed record has Eda Albina Luther marrying William Irvine Webbin in 1937 rr_tree I3019 Luther, Edna Albina (I3019)
257 A Brewer In Yeovil Somerset
An Engraver Had a school near Edmonton
Emigrated to New Zealand

The photo of Timothy HUFFAM shows him aged about 50, around 1860, prior to leaving England for New Zealand.

Link to this page from Greta Gordon's NZ web site about the Huffams: click here.
rr_tree I3716 Huffam, Timothy (I3716)
258 A Catherine Veronica Reynolds was born 1924 in Portumna, Galway, Ireland (Irish Births 1864-1958) rr_tree I776 Reynolds, Veronica Catherine (I776)
259 A Charles Mordaunt of Rochester, merchant, commerce. Subscribed to The American Negotiator 1751-75: or, the various currencies of the British Colonies in America ... Reduced into English money by a series of tables, suited to the several exchanges between the Colonies and Britain (Second edn.), 1763, WRIGHT, John. London?Subject: commerce
- [ U.K. and U.S. Directories, 1680-1830 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003. Original data: Avero Publications. Biography Database, 1680-1830. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England: Avero Publications, 1998.] 
rr_tree I512 Mordaunt, Charles (I512)
260 A Charles Royes died 31 May 1933 aged 62 (born about 1871) at Crossroads, St Andrew, Jamaica rr_tree I3866 Royes, Charles Henry Foster (I3866)
261 A Charles Turner died abt Feb 1848 in Kensington, London, England. He presumably had died when Mary Married Joseph Bravo in 1854. It has been conjectured that he may have gone to Jamaica and died there but there is no evidence for this. We can assume that Mary decided to go and live with her brother in Jamaica after the death of Charles Turner, where she met Joseph Bravo. rr_tree I1398 Turner, Augustus Charles (I1398)
262 A Charlotte Hougham is enrolled in the Australian Commonwealth Electoral Rolls for 1913 and 1919 at Harris St, Hawthorne (Brisbane), living with Frederick William Hougham who is thought not to have been married. If this Charlotte was living with her brother, the 1919 entry is wrong since she died in 1916. rr_tree I4196 Hougham, Charlotte Hawkes (I4196)
263 a few kilometres west of Armidale rr_tree I3941 Cameron, Hugh (I3941)
264 A Frances Mary Machin died Jun 1876 in Eton, Buckinghamshire rr_tree I4819 Dix, Frances Mary (I4819)
265 A George Higginson arrived in Australia 31 May 1841 on the "Moffatt" aged 28 in Feb 1841 therefore born Feb 1813, from Ballindara, County Antrim, Ireland. Unmarried. Parents Edward Higginson and Anne Taylor. It is not suggested that this is George William Higginson but that they may be related. Ballindara should probably be Ballinderry. rr_tree I6146 Higginson, George William (I6146)
266 A Henry William Dunn is registered for military service in 1915 in Sydney Rank: Private, Service number 3051. Birth date 1886. Occupation: Tram driver Address: 36 Pleasant Ave, Erskineville, Sydney rr_tree I5930 Dunn, Henry Harold (I5930)
267 A Henry Dunn married married a Serena Morris 1 Jan 1867 and she may have been formerly married to a William Samuel Williams when she was 15. Henry and Selena had three children (George Lambert Dunn 1868-1945, Thomas Mellanby Dunn 1870-1951, and Ada Selena Dunn 1872-1910). Some family trees identify this Henry with Henry William Dunn. There were several Henry Dunns so I would prefer more proof. rr_tree I5934 Dunn, Henry William (I5934)
268 A Henry H Dunn married Nira M Hall in 1912 - he would have been aged 25 (NSW Reg. 11071/1912 Picton)
A Henry H Dunn married Eva M Crowley in 1918 - he would have been aged 31 (NSW Reg. 10227/1918 Sydney) 
rr_tree I5930 Dunn, Henry Harold (I5930)
269 A Henry T Bailey was born to Henry and Mary A - NSW Registry V1854204 42A/1854 rr_tree I2037 Bailey, Henry (I2037)
270 A History of the Plantagenets, Vol I, The Conquering Family, Thomas B Costain, Doubleday & Co, Garden City, 1949, p37:
"Duke William ruled Aquitaine and he was very old. He had one son who had gone to the Crusades and who was so good that the people called him St. William. The old man had not been a saint by any means but had spent a large part of his life wandeering up and down his broad domain looking for romance, and always finding it. He now wanted to abdicate and spend his last years as a pilgrim and penitent, having in full degree that fear of the hereafter and the torments of hell which motivated so much of what happened in those days. His saintly son had two daughters only, Eleanor and Petonille, both of whom took after their grandfather." 
rr_tree I3646 Aquitaine, Petronille (I3646)
271 A Houston Clements born in Larne was killed in action 2 Oct 1918 in Western European Theatre while serving as a Rifleman with the Royal Irish Rifles #7506 rr_tree I163 Clements, Houston (I163)
272 A Hugh Wiley is enrolled on the Commonwealth Electoral Roll for 1943 with address Eventide Home, Charters Towers. rr_tree I1312 Wiley, Hugh (I1312)
273 A Jamaican Rhodes Scholar to Oxford (1929) - an Oxford Blue - rowed for Oxford

Practised for many years in Jamaica as a psychiatrist, and did work on the effects of ganja (= cannibis ), etc. There is a Ken Royes Rehabilitation Centre named after him. (acknowledgements) ... "Ganja has long been regarded both by the laity and the profession as a cause of psychosis in Jamaica. The unrivalled accumulated experience of Cooke, Royes, and Williams, who were in recent years senior medical officers at Bellevue Hospital in Kingston, Jamaica, fully substantiate this ...

UK Incoming passenger lists for a Kenneth Royes born 1909/10:
K.C. Royes19Kingston, JamaicaDover, England8 Sep 1929Jamaica ProducerJamaica Direct Fruit Line
Kenneth Coates Royes22Kingston, JamaicaLondon, England4 Oct 1932Jamaica Progress Jamaica Banana Producers SS Co
Kenneth Royes 37 Kingston, JamaicaSouthampton, England6 Oct 1946AtlantisRoyal Mail Lines Ltd
Kenneth Royes41Lourenco Marques, MozambiqueSouthampton, England29 Jul 1951BayanoHolland Africa Line
Kenneth C Royes47Port Antonio, JamaicaLondon, England26Aug 1957North StarKaye, Son & Company Ltd
rr_tree I4443 Royes, Kenneth Coates (I4443)
274 A James Clements died 1893 in Ballymoney and another in 1915 in Ballymena rr_tree I4728 Clements, James (I4728)
275 A James Whiteford is listed in Griffiths Valuation of Ireland 1848-1864 at Tureagh, Raloo, County Antrim rr_tree I3927 Whiteford, James (I3927)
276 A Jane Murray (parents Anthony and Mary) died in Albury, NSW in 1919 (NSW 1919/7357) rr_tree I5470 Stewart, Jean (I5470)
277 A John Arthur Woolley died in 1936 in QLD, Australia. Mother's name is Martha Bebbing and father John presumably Woolley. rr_tree I3493 Woolley, John Arthur (I3493)
278 A John Gamble died 18 Jul 1881 Belfast
[Belfast, Northern Ireland, The Belfast Newsletter (Birth, Marriage and Death Notices), 1738-1925] 
rr_tree I316 Gamble, John (I316)
279 A John O'Donnell is listed in New South Wales, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls and Related Records, 1790-1849 > 1808-1809 > Admiral Gambier and Aeolus with notation: Where convicted: Middlesex, 17th September 1806, Term: seven years rr_tree I1825 O'Donald, John (I1825)
280 A John Royes died in Jan 1780 in Castleton, Derbyshire, England and is buried there.
A John Royes was buried 17 Jan 1780 in Castleton, Castleton, Derbyshire, England.
Son Solomon said to have been fatherless from "an early age". 1780 is 6 years after Solomon's birth therefore the death we have of a John Royes in 1780 is feasible but "in Derbyshire" raises questions. 
rr_tree I2224 Royes, John (I2224)
281 A John Royes was baptised in Canterbury 24 Sep 1752, son of William and Sarah [England Births and Baptisms 1538-1975] I am assuming that this is our John Royes. rr_tree I2224 Royes, John (I2224)
282 A Kay Lynette Royes née Johnstone is buried in Coffs Harbour Historic Cemetery b 22 Dec 1946 d 22 Feb 1994 "Loved and remembered by the Johnstone, Royes and Dean families"
rr_tree I1075 [Royes], Kay (I1075)
283 A Margaret E. Robinson was born to a Hugh David Robinson in NSW, Australia in 1902 - before Hugh David Robinson and Margaret Wiley were married (1917 in Belfast) and before Margaret was of child-bearing age. So probably not this Margaret Robinson and not by Margaret Wiley. rr_tree I799 Robinson, Margaret (I799)
284 A Margaret Guild, born Scotland abt 1885, appears in the 1901 census age 16 as a pupil at a school in Brighton, Sussex, England. As does a Sybil Guild age 14 (born abt 1887) - probably her cousin. rr_tree I3558 Guild, Margaret de Hougham (I3558)
285 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I991 Living (I991)
286 A Mary Carr was born in 1918 in New Ross, Carlow, Ireland rr_tree I227 Carr, Mary Dympna (I227)
287 A Norman D Abbott was born abt Nov 1913 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England. Mother's maiden name was Cattermole. rr_tree I2050 Abbott, Norman (I2050)
288 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I3622 Living (I3622)
289 a number of family trees record place as Castle Doyle, NSW rr_tree I4123 McLennan, Donald John (I4123)
290 A PH Royes travelled from Townsville to Sydney on the Cooma arriving 27 Oct 1911 rr_tree I1014 Royes, Percy Hougham (I1014)
291 A possible link is Hannah Jones, daughter of John and Ann Jones, baptised 30 Aug 1778 in Hanmer, Flintshire, Wales rr_tree I3614 Jones, Ann Hannah (I3614)
292 A Richard G Collins served in WW1 with the Royal Fusiliers (No. 75290, Rank: Private) but it is doubtful that this is our Richard G Collins who, if he served in WW1, would more likely be with an Australian unit rr_tree I6971 Collins, Richard Goodfellow (I6971)
293 A Richard Shoobridge died at Benenden, Kent in 1786 rr_tree I6951 Shoobridge, Robert (I6951)
294 A Richard Shoobridge was buried 14 Jan 1780 in Rolvenden, Kent, England - Anglican, St Mary the Virgin Church rr_tree I6951 Shoobridge, Robert (I6951)
295 A Robert Alfred Smail died in QLD 25 Jul 1916 son of Robert Smail and Bessie Ralph rr_tree I1151 Smail, Robert (I1151)
296 A Robert Armstrong Clements was born in Belfast abt Aug 1901.
A Robert Alexander Clements was born in Belfast in 1905.
Note that sister Sarah Jane was born abt Aug 1904. 
rr_tree I3297 Clements, Robert A (I3297)
297 A Robert Bell was buried on 19 Oct 1916 in Ashington, Northumberland, England (Church Record) but while the date "fits" this does not seem to be Robert de Hougham Mark Bell rr_tree I1378 Bell, Captain Robert de Hougham Mark (I1378)
298 A Robert Clements died in Belfast in 1918 aged 8. rr_tree I3297 Clements, Robert A (I3297)
299 A Robert de Hougham is mentioned in Assize Lists for the years 1316-17 rr_tree I131 de Hougham, Robert V (I131)
300 A Robert Shoobridge was baptised on 21 Aug 1791 in London - birthdate 21 Mar 1752?? rr_tree I6951 Shoobridge, Robert (I6951)
301 A Robert Smail wrote to the Rockhampton Bulletin 15 Dec 1863.
A Robert Smail is described as of Rockhampton, a wine merchant, in a public notice dated 20 Oct 1866 which appears to have led to him (and partners) appearing before the Police Court Rockhampton in regard to a failure to vacate premises in Little East Street 29 Dec 1867. (The transcripts are hard to decipher.)
A Death Notice (Rockhampton Bulletin) 1 Jul 1871 notes that he was aged 29, lived at East Street - but no mention of a widow or other family.
Note that when Ann Maria Royes married Robert Smail in Sydney (1868), both gave their residence as Rockhampton. 
rr_tree I1151 Smail, Robert (I1151)
302 A Royes de Hougham Gill married Eva Le Fleming Ensor, daughter of Edmund Alfred Le Fleming Ensor and Inez Agnes Pemberton.

Children of Royes de Hougham Gill and Eva Le Fleming Ensor are:
i. +Eveline Alice Gill, b. 17 May 1912.
ii. Diana Royes Gill, b. 20 December 1913.

Eveline Alice Gill (daughter of Royes de Hougham Gill and Eva Le Fleming Ensor) was born 17 May 1912. She married Norman Abbott on 4 August 1932 in Kirkley, S. Lowestoft, Suffolk, England.
More About Eveline Alice Gill and Norman Abbott:
Marriage: 4 August 1932, Kirkley, S. Lowestoft, Suffolk, England.
Children of Eveline Alice Gill and Norman Abbott are:
i. +Anne Elizabeth Abbott, b. 19 September 1934.
ii. +Richard John Abbott, b. 17 June 1939.

Diana Royes Gill married Wilfred Douglas Maxted-Massey on 17 December 1955 in Turi, Kenya.


The combination of Royes, Hougham and Gill must put them in our family tree, so I have entered them as links with Walter R de H Gill in English Census returns (the time frame fits perfectly) but be aware that this is not yet proven 
rr_tree I1764 Gill, Walter Royes de Hougham (I1764)
303 A Sam. Tyson Royes listed In Index to Quarter Sessions cases, Sydney, Oct 1831. He was charged with stealing 11 shillings one penny from his employer, Capper Pass, Baker in George Street. He presented to his trial two references
(1) from Thomas Dobson of London dated 5 Aug 1829 to Robert Lambert of "Bathurst, Sydney" to "introduce... Mr Samuel Tyssen Royes ... he purposes visiting New South Wales in hopes of making his fortune. I have had the pleasure to know his father for upwards of thirty years - a very respectable upright honest man..."
(2) from ? Lachlan of 22 Great Alie Street [Whitechapel, London] dated 3 Aug 1829 to J. Coghill of Sydney: "I take the liberty by this of introducing to you Mr Royes (son of a highly respectable gentleman) who visits Australia in search of employment. If you want a Clerk or Superintendent on your farm you will oblige me by taking Mr Royes he has ever conducted himself with the strictest sobriety, integrity, industry and ability..."
It seems his employer claimed that he had stolen £8.15.0 but it appears that Samuel challenged this for there are subsequent statements from his employer stating inter alia that "I cannot swear whether the prisoner informed me before he went into the hospital about 3 weeks ago [from 13 Sep 1831] that he had received the said moneys or not."
Samuel pleaded guilty on the 20th and was sentenced on the 25th "to be imprisoned in His Majesty's Gaol of Sydney for and during the of [sic] three calendar months". And that is the last we know of Samuel.

One Tyssen had Hougham as a second name and there are several Samuel Tyssens, one of whom married a Hougham. Samuel Tyssen Royes is a cousin. I believe it is safe to assume that this Samuel Tyssen Royes is the son of Solomon Royes and Mary Hougham, and that he arrived in Sydney towards the end of 1829 (based on his letters of reference) 
rr_tree I543 Royes, Samuel Tyssen (I543)
304 A Samuel Royes was buried 9 Jun 1876 in Edmonton All Saints parish, Enfield (London Metropolitan Archives, All Saints, Edmonton, Register of burials, DRO/040/A/01, Item 024, dro/040/a/01/024.) rr_tree I543 Royes, Samuel Tyssen (I543)
305 A Sarah Hougham was buried 16 Mar 1783 in Holy Trinity Minories, London rr_tree I700 Mordaunt, Sarah (I700)
306 A Septimus Royes Cover was initiated into Friendly Lodge 383 on 8 Apr 1920 (George W.J. Palmer Montego Bay - Its People and Its Lodge 2006) indicating that the Royes-Cover connection continued through several generations. rr_tree I3564 Cover, Septimus Royes (I3564)
307 A Tailor rr_tree I2103 Huffam, Stephen (I2103)
308 A Thomas Murray died 18 Jul 1887 in QLD, Australia [1887/001982] His parents are given as Robert Murray and Elizabeth Glassipa rr_tree I708 Murray, Thomas (I708)
309 A Thomas Turner married a Susan Delauney in St George Hanover Square, London, on 17 Feb 1818. This would explain Charles Delauney Turner's middle name as this would be his grandmother's maiden name - so I have made that assumption.
A Susan Delauney was baptised 1792 in St Anne, Soho, Middlesex to Peter and Eliz Delauney [Pallott's Marriage Index] 
rr_tree I2855 Delauney, Susan (I2855)
310 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I6551 Living (I6551)
311 A tribute by his brother Tim on the 30th anniversary of Sam's death:
Thirty years ago my brother Captain Samuel Royes died in a car accident, leaving his wife Madge, daughter Sara, our parents, 2 sisters and 3 brothers. Sam who was known to his family as Sal, was 33, and an A300 captain with Air Jamaica.
He was 11 years my senior, but always treated me with the respect of an equal. I was 9 years old when he learnt to fly, and on several occasions he would take me flying in smaller single and twin engine aircraft. The first time being out of Opa Locka Airport in Florida, where he learned to fly. I can still remember flying over the Everglades, and landing at a satellite airfield, after a couple of bounces. ?While going to high school in Canada, Sal would get tickets for me to fly to Jamaica for Christmas and summer holidays, and during these holidays we spent many great times together. I will always remember just before Christmas of 1982 when I took him to pick up a brand new Honda Accord, the first new car he would own. After dealing with the paperwork, he walked out of the office and threw me the keys, and said "here you drive it home". I have always wondered if it was that he did not really care to be the first to drive his brand new car, or he just wanted to give me the honour. ?At the time of his death I was in England in the middle of my officer training with the Royal Marines, and even though I felt like quitting on many occasions, it was not an option, as I felt I would have been using his death as reason to cop out. ?Just before I left Jamaica for my course with the Royal Marines in September of 1985, Sal gave me an envelope with $200.00, US, and a note. The money is long spent but I still have the note:
All the best in everything you endeavour, and stay with your own good integrity.
Sam Royes Sept 1985

He was my brother, but he was also a best friend. I regret that my wife and children never met him, and that I was never able to take him flying. I guess that is why for me money is not a priority, as I more treasure quality time with those I love.
Thank you Sal for being such a great brother. 
rr_tree I4465 Royes, Captain Samuel Erle (I4465)
312 a well known tropical biologist, spent several years in Australia developing what was to become the Royes pea which was very hardy. He returned to Jamaica in the 1970s and to lecture at the University of the West Indies. He died in the 1980s in a car accident. rr_tree I3266 Royes, William Vernon (I3266)
313 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I2392 Living (I2392)
314 A widow when she married James Theoff rr_tree I5509 Jizard, Mary (I5509)
315 A Wilfred and Reginald Lunt are enrolled (1930) at Sandy Creek in the same sub-division and are farmers. Note that Annie died young in April 1930 shortly after the birth of daughter Frances and we can conjecture that if this Wilfred Lunt is her husband that there are several explanations as to why their enrolled addresses are different - not least of which is the fact that electoral rolls reflect an enrolment address not necessarily a current residence. In fact, Annie's name should not appear on the roll depending on the 1930 date it was published.

Reginald cannot be the Wilfred's son by Annie - he has to be 21 to be enrolled and was therefore born before 1909. So he could be Wilfred's father (though he does not appear on earlier rolls), brother or cousin. 
rr_tree I5932 Tompson, Annie Mary Hougham (I5932)
316 A William Higginson registered on the electoral roll on 27 Sep 1911, with address and occupation as Moody's Paddock, Mareeba, stockman" and is possibly our James William Higginson or more likely a son since James William would now be 73. rr_tree I438 Higginson, James William (I438)
317 A William Pegler Sanigear married in jan-Mar 1861 at Greenwich, as did Ellen Durrant. The 1861 census lists his wife as Ellen Sanigear so it is safe to assume that this is the same person. rr_tree Family F4429
318 A William Way was buried 29 Mar 1835 aged 52 (born 1783) at St John the Baptist, Hawkchurch, Dorset rr_tree I1900 Way, William (I1900)
319 abt 1063 according to but does not seem likely compared with husband's and children's birth dates rr_tree I2185 de Brion, Emma (I2185)
320 abt 830 according to Wikipedia article rr_tree I2666 Ivarsson, Eystein Earl of Hedemarken (I2666)
321 According to 1851 Census, aged 28, "Army (America)" - therefore born 1823. Either the Census figure is inaccurate or it is possible that James born early 1821 died soon after birth, and the next son born abt 1823 was also named James. rr_tree I4733 Russell, James (I4733)
322 According to Arthur Hougham in his research, this Robert is recorded as son of the above Simon and of Elmstone in the College of Arms MS27. See the note under the previous Robert.

Elmstone is next to Ash. He added lands of Elmstone to those of Weddington as both continue to his descendants according to will given four generations later. 
rr_tree I2937 de Hougham, Robert of Elmstone (I2937)
323 According to Berry, William,. County genealogies : pedigrees of the families of the county of Kent. London: Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper, 1830, It is Henry's brother Edward who is the father of Solomon b1714 and Charles rr_tree I2163 Hougham, Henry (I2163)
324 According to Crispin and Macary, Rognwald also had a natural son, Hrollager, living in 896, who married Emina _______. They had a son, Hrolf Thurstan, living in 920, who married Gerlotte , daughter of Thibaut, Count of Blois and of Chartres. They were ancestors (five generations ) of Hugh of Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester, who died in 1101, and who married Ermentrude, daughter of Hugh, Count of Clermont. See Table III. in Crispin and Macary. rr_tree I2196 Hrollager (I2196)
325 According to Gillian West's article included in Christopher Huffam's notes, this Mary Hougham is the daughter of Solomon Hougham who had a brother Charles, cousins of Christopher Huffam. The brothers were goldsmiths and Solomon Royes had been Solomon Hougham's apprentice. But as noted in Solomon's notes, the regular use of a middle name Mordaunt in the Royes family favours the data as we have it, since in this instance Mary's grandmother was a Sarah Mordaunt and there is no suuch instance of the name if her father was Solomon Hougham. As per the will of her uncle Charles Mordaunt Hougham she received property in Eastgate, Rochester. It is possibly this that explains Gillian West's error about which Charles Hougham was her uncle and her assumption that she was the daughter of Solomon.

In marriage registration, described as "of Hackney, London, England"

She is not mentioned in Solomon's will and yet she and two daughters were with him at the time of the 1841 census (6 June), so we can assume that she died between the census and the date Solomon signed his will - 25 Jun 1842. 
rr_tree I513 Hougham, Mary (I513)
326 According to grandson Roy Park, there was a big family rift and his grandparents split. Half of the children stayed with their dad and the other half with their mum. rr_tree  
327 According to (Wanda Ware DeGidio) Ansfrid was the natural son of Hugh the Great and Gerlotte (c913-c937), daughter of Theobold de Blois and Richilde of Borges. During this time Gerlotte was wed to Thurstan, son of Drogo. Hugh was determined to be the father of Ansfrid based on Hugh's rare DNA (G2A) matching descendants of Ansfrid le Goz. Also, Gerlotte had a close relationship with Hugh the Great due to her father being a casual or knight. rr_tree I2190 Le Goz, Ansfred Count d' Hiesmer (I2190)
328 According to one family tree his mother was Indianna Moyle, b.1873, India rr_tree I1217 Terry, Arthur Richard James (I1217)
329 According to one source, James 2 was born abt 1827. This means he was married at age 23. This seems more feasible than 35 and it means that he was 37 when his third son Thomas was born.
However it does conflict with the Constabulary records (see next note) where he enlisted 19 Jul 1837 at age "22". 
rr_tree I831 Roy, James (I831)
330 According to researcher Viola Wiggins, the first McAlpin arrived in Ireland with a "Fencable" Regiment c1802. They were Regiments comprising of family members working for the various Chiefs in Scotland. A form of Home Guard, while the main Armies were abroad.
One of them was probably given property as a Servitor, in respect of his service to the Crown. 
rr_tree I1878 McAlpin, Thomas (I1878)
331 according to Robert Halstead's A Succinct Genealogy of the House of Mordaunt London. 1685 [Robert Halstead is a pseudonym for Henry Mordaunt, Earl of Peterborough 1624?-1697] rr_tree I3720 of Saint Giles, Robert (I3720)
332 according to some sources, illegitimate son of Richard and Gunnora (before marriage) rr_tree I2822 Geoffrey Comte de Brionne and Eu (I2822)
333 According to the 1911 English census return they had 13 children, 3 still living, 10 who had died. Living with them were two sons Patrick and John, and two grandchildren, William Donovan Russell aged 12 and John Russell aged 1 rr_tree Family F719
334 According to the poem written in tribute to Houston and Agnes, "some" of the young have "flown away.. far across the sea." rr_tree Family F51
335 According to the UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811, Ann H. Royes paid duties for apprentices Indentures on 8 Oct 1795 for Ann Lake rr_tree I3614 Jones, Ann Hannah (I3614)
336 Achievements Ltd say the children of this marriage were Mary, Stephen, Thomas and Mary again rr_tree I3653 Huffam, Stephen (I3653)
337 address on marriage certificate rr_tree I4628 Hamill, Sarah Anne (I4628)
338 Address when married 3 Curran Street, Larne
Emigrated to Australia aboard 'Diogenes' arriving Melbourne 1923
Sailed to Cairns on 'Wyandra' arriving October 1923

The following is in an album of Agnes's containing flower pressings from Northern Ireland, greetings from friends and relatives. It was probably written about 1944:
If you're a soldier in need of a home
You won't have far to search or roam
Just walk up the street to the fighting Roys
There you'll meet the folks and the boys
There's Mum and Pop and both of the Bairns
Here all the boys meet for the Battle of Cairns
There's Ed and Merv and Coconut Joe
In fact all the boys with a cue have a go.
When it comes to the Champ, I'll hand it to Mum
Without her the party really wouldn't be fun
She's a centre of happiness that makes men brothers
May her happiness be as great as she's given to others
This house of happiness where all friends meet
Will live forever in the memory of Skeet

[sgd] E.E. Franklin
Eagle Heights, Qld 
rr_tree I605 Logan, Agnes (I605)
339 Address when married was Coronation Terrace Larne
Draper when married
Migrated to Australia on the S.S. Diogenes, arriving in Fremantle /Melbourne in 1923. Headed for Cairns on 'Wyandra" based on rosy stories about the far north from Hugh Wiley (Sam's uncle), arriving 23 Oct 1923, only to find that Hugh had left shortly before. After a failed attempt to start a softdrink business, Sam worked for Dillon's cordial factory in McLeod Street before going on to other jobs.
Friends from Ireland living in Cairns were Richard & Bertha RUDDELL. Daughter or G/Daughter was Myrell RANN who lived in Bayview Heights Q. 4868

was 12,341 gross tons, length 500.4ft x beam 63.2ft, one funnel, two masts, twin screw, speed 13.5 knots. Accommodation for 130-1st and 422-3rd class passengers. Built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast as the DIOGENES for the Aberdeen Line, she was laaunched on 2nd Mar.1922 and started her maiden voyage from London to Brisbane on 4th July 1922. Chartered to Shaw, Savill & Albion Line in June 1926, she was renamed MATAROA, converted from coal to oil fuel and given a speed of 15 knots. She then started sailings from Southampton to Wellington via Panama. In 1931 she was converted to carry 131-cabin class passengers and in 1932 came under the ownership of Shaw, Savill & Albion Line. In Nov.1940 she became a troopship mainly to South Africa and was then used to carry meat cargoes from South America to the UK. In 1944 she was used to carry US troops to Northern Ireland in preparation for the Normandy Invasion. Irish pressure in Southern Ireland and the USA decreed that no Ameriicans of Irish descent should go to the North in case of cross border friction, so the US Army sent all black troops to Ireland. In 1948 the ship resumed commercial service with accommodation for 372-tourist class passengers and she made her last sailing on 21st Nov.1956. On 29th Mar.1957 she arrived at Faslane for scrapping. [Merchant Fleets by Duncan Haws, vol.10, Shaw, Savill & Albion] 
rr_tree I853 Roy, Samuel Russell (I853)
340 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. rr_tree I3986 Living (I3986)
341 After arrival at age 6, never left Cairns even when offered promotion in Townsville.

Left school at 13 to work at Wyper Bros. At 15 he joined Burns Philp where he stayed until it closed, having become manager of their hardware/hotel supplies department. Continued to work part-time for a Burns Philp-owned company until well into his 70's. 
rr_tree I832 Roy, John Maurice (I832)
342 After her first husband died, she lived and worked in San Diego, Calif. She later married Mr. Frank Lewis and they lived in California. rr_tree I4253 White, Hope Margaret (I4253)
343 After the death of Elizabeth, Samuel spent his last twelve months with his daughter Molly (Mary) rr_tree Family F50
344 Agatha (before 1030 - after 1070) was the wife of Edward the Exile (heir to the throne of England) and mother of Edgar Ætheling, Saint Margaret of Scotland and Cristina of England. Her antecedents are unclear and the subject of much speculation.
Nothing is known of Agatha's early life, and what speculation has appeared is inextricably linked to the contentious issue of Agatha's paternity, one of the unresolved questions of medieval genealogy. As the birth of her children is speculativelly placed at around the year 1045, her own birth was probably before about 1030. She came to England with her husband and children in 1057, but was widowed shortly after her arrival. Following the Norman conquest of England, in 1067 she fled with her children to Scotland, finding refuge under her future son-in-law Malcolm III. While one modern source indicates that she spent her last years as a nun at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, dying before about 1093,[1] Simeon of Durham[2] carries what appears to be the last reference to her in 1070.
rr_tree I2701 Agatha (I2701)
345 age 10 rr_tree I1858 Russell, Caroline Cordell (I1858)
346 age 11, scholar rr_tree I1445 Smith, Agnes (I1445)
347 age 11, scholar rr_tree I609 Logan, John (I609)
348 age 12, at school rr_tree I1854 Nicholson, John (I1854)
349 age 12, scholar rr_tree I2060 Weatherburn, James (I2060)
350 age 12, scholar rr_tree I1443 Smith, Howard (I1443)
351 age 13 rr_tree I3111 Turner, Angelina (I3111)
352 age 13, grocer shop girl rr_tree I616 Logan, Rose (I616)
353 age 14 rr_tree I1104 Russell, Nancy (I1104)
354 age 14, at school rr_tree I1853 Nicholson, Mary (I1853)
355 age 14, scholar rr_tree I2059 Weatherburn, Henry (I2059)
356 age 14, scholar rr_tree I806 Smith, Fanny (I806)
357 age 15 rr_tree I2860 Turner, Henry (I2860)
358 age 15, as "Charles Turner" rr_tree I1398 Turner, Augustus Charles (I1398)
359 age 15, dressmaker rr_tree I1852 Nicholson, Agnes (I1852)
360 age 16 rr_tree I2057 Weatherburn, Mary (I2057)
361 age 16, school boarder rr_tree I3558 Guild, Margaret de Hougham (I3558)
362 age 17.5, Baptist, Section 42 Grave 197 rr_tree I994 Royes, Mark Hougham (I994)
363 age 18 rr_tree I4821 Machin, Frank (I4821)
364 age 18 rr_tree I1099 Russell, Margaret (I1099)
365 age 19, seamstress rr_tree I613 Logan, Mary (I613)
366 age 2 rr_tree I607 Logan, Elizabeth (I607)
367 age 2 rr_tree I540 Nicole, Jessie (I540)
368 age 2 in 1883 passenger list rr_tree I4767 Lumsden, Jessica (I4767)
369 age 2 on death certificate rr_tree I2838 Royes, Mary Hougham (I2838)
370 age 2, Baptist, Section 42 Grave 138 rr_tree I1054 Royes, Sydney Hougham (I1054)
371 age 2, visitor with family of William and Sarah Halmen rr_tree I1732 Turner Bravo, Ellen (I1732)
372 age 20 rr_tree I2856 Turner, Emma (I2856)
373 age 20, tailor rr_tree I1096 Russell, John (I1096)
374 age 21 at marriage rr_tree I1308 Whiteford, Margaret (I1308)
375 age 21 at marriage - but "21" can simply mean over 20 rr_tree I692 Moody, Patrick (I692)
376 age 21 in March 1877 rr_tree I694 Moody, Thomas Stewart (I694)
377 age 22 rr_tree I3482 Bell, Anne Maria (I3482)
378 age 22, tailor rr_tree I4558 Russell, Robert (I4558)
379 age 23 rr_tree I1732 Turner Bravo, Ellen (I1732)
380 age 24 rr_tree I4557 Russell, Mary Ellen (I4557)
381 age 24 at marriage rr_tree I1107 Russell, Samuel (I1107)
382 age 25, labourer rr_tree I535 Lumsden, William A. (I535)
383 age 3 rr_tree I3482 Bell, Anne Maria (I3482)
384 age 30 rr_tree I160 Clements, Elizabeth Gamble (I160)
385 age 33, no occupation - visiting at Bravo household rr_tree I3482 Bell, Anne Maria (I3482)
386 age 35 - "J Sarah Royes" rr_tree I3859 Holmstead, Sarah (I3859)
387 age 35 [rounded?], CL [clerk?] - not proven to be this William rr_tree I3858 Royes, William (I3858)
388 age 35, steam crane driver rr_tree I617 Logan, Samuel (I617)
389 age 38 - Mary's mother was staying with them aged 87 described as pauper formerly a publican rr_tree I1918 Hewitt, Mary (I1918)
390 age 39 rr_tree I1860 Quick, Mary Ann (I1860)
391 age 40 rr_tree I5459 Royes, Lydia Ann (I5459)
392 age 40 - children born alive to current marriage 8, still living 6 rr_tree I160 Clements, Elizabeth Gamble (I160)
393 age 42, confectioner wholesale rr_tree I4820 Machin, Nathaniel (I4820)
394 age 42, widowed, needleworker rr_tree I1851 Curry, Mary (I1851)
395 age 43 rr_tree I5316 Bailey, Anne (I5316)
396 age 43 rr_tree I4819 Dix, Frances Mary (I4819)
397 age 43, blacksmith, unmarried rr_tree I2059 Weatherburn, Henry (I2059)
398 age 45, commissary HP rr_tree I2854 Turner, Thomas (I2854)
399 age 45, Professor of Music rr_tree I5963 Dix, Eliza (I5963)
400 age 45, steam crane driver
Name Age
Samuel Logan 45
Elizabeth Logan 40
Agnes Logan 21
Mary Logan 19
Rose Logan 13
John Logan 11
Margret Logan 9
Elizabeth Logan 2 
rr_tree I617 Logan, Samuel (I617)

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