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Henry III, King John's son, was only nine when he became king. By 1227, when he assumed power from his regent, order had been restored, based on his acceptance of Magna Carta. However, the king's failed campaigns in France (1230 and 1242), his choice of friends and advisers, together with the cost of his scheme to make one of his younger sons King of Sicily and help the Pope against the Holy Roman Emperor, led to further disputes with the barons and united opposition in Church and State.

Although Henry was extravagant and his tax demands were resented, the king's accounts show a list of many charitable donations and payments for building works (including the rebuilding of Westminster Abbey which began in 1245).
The Provisions of Oxford (1258) and the Provisions of Westminster (1259) were attempts by the nobles to define common law in the spirit of Magna Carta, control appointments and set up an aristocratic council. Henry tried to defeat them by obtaining papal absolution from his oaths, and enlisting King Louis XI's help. Henry renounced the Provisions in 1262 and war broke out. The barons, under their leader, Simon de Montfort, were initially successful and even captured Henry.

However, Henry escaped, joined forces with the lords of the Marches (on the Welsh border), and finally defeated and killed de Montfort at the Battle of Evesham in 1265. Royal authority was restored by the Statute of Marlborough (1267), in which the king also promised to uphold Magna Carta and some of the Provisions of Westminster.
Henry III Duke of Normandy (1216-1259) King of England (1216-1272) (I2690)
Henry the Younger, aggrieved at his lack of power and egged on by his father Henry's enemies, rebelled against him. He was joined by his brothers Richard and Geoffrey, and supported by several powerful English barons as well as the kings of France and Scotland. Even Queen Eleanor escaped from house arrest and tried to join him, but was intercepted en route. Henry II's position was more precarious at this point than at any previous time in his reign. If he even appeared to be losing, most of the nobles of England were poised to desert him. He fought a masterful defensive campaign, humiliating the French and Bretons, and crushing any opposition in England, whilst his agents defeated and captured William of Scotland in 1174. Henry the Younger surrendered, and his father, shaken by the experience, acknowledged many of his sons' grievances, assigning revenues to each of them.

In 1183, Henry the Younger tried again. Henry's oldest son was something of a dilettante, with a puffed-up idea of his own abilities and importance. When Henry II refused to give him control of Normandy, or any other land that would help pay his debts, he made advances to the barons of Aquitaine. Richard complained and started fortifying his castles when Henry prevaricated. During the negotiations which followed, Henry the Younger attempted to ambush his father at Limoges. Battle lines were drawn: Henry brought up forces to besiege the town, while Henry the Younger was joined by troops from his brother Geoffrey and the new king Philip of France. Forced to flee from Limoges, after robbing the local shrine to pay his troops, Henry the Younger went on the run, moving aimlessly through Aquitaine until he caught dysentery and died. With his death, the rebellion petered out.
Henry the Younger (I2725)
Clive Prosdocimi Luther was born on 20 May 1914 in Sydney, New South Wales, son of Charles Royes and Virginia Luther. He married Elaine Dora Luther and they moved to Lindfield, where he held a job as an insurance agent.
Clive enlisted in the Royal Australian Air Force on 9 November 1941. After training he became a mid up gunner on a Lancaster bomber with 7 Sqn RAF.
His crew consisted of:
F/O Francis Rush (Pilot)
F/O William Scott (Bomb Aimer)
F/O Clive Luther (Mid Upper Gunner)
Sgt John S. Ogg (Flt. Engineer)
Sgt Kenneth Wightman (Navigator)
Sgt Henry Bushell (Wireless Operator)
Sgt William Buntain (Rear Gunner)
F/O Francis Rush, F/O William Scott and F/O Clive Luther were Australians, the rest of the crew were all English.
On December 16th, 1943 they took off from their base at Oakington in Cambridgeshire, in their Lancaster. The target was Berlin and this was the 6th mission in what was called the Battle for Berlin. Bomber Command paid repeated visits to the German capital late 1943 through early 1944.
Their Lancaster was claimed by Lt Heinz Rolland at 18.02 near the city of Alkmaar. The plane crashed near Stompetoren, a few kilometers to the east of Alkmaar. The whole crew except one was killed. Sgt John Ogg bailed out of the Lancaster and was found by a farmer. He was taken to Broek where he was given civilian clothes and a Dutch ID card. The resistance tried to get him back to England via the escape routes. After Christmas they took him to Amsterdam, but an attempt to move him further along the line was unsuccessful. Sgt. Ogg stayed in Rotterdam, working on a farm, until the liberation.
At practically the same time that F/O Luther's plane was shot down, another Lancaster of 7 squadron, captained by W/O Watson, was shot down north east of Lemmer.
On 4 May 1994, the people of Stompetoren dedicated this plaque to the crew that lie buried in the town.
Luther, Clive Prosdocimi (I5419)
204 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Banks, D.A. OJ, CD (I4457)
Hugh "le Gros" Lupus d' Avranches Earl of Chester was born between 1047 and 1050. He died on 27 Jul 1101. The Palatine Earldom of Chester is now vested in the British Crown, and is traditionally a title held by the Prince of Wales. In 1071, William the Conqueror made his nephew, Hugh, Earl of Chester, giving him the whole of the county Palatine of Chester " hold as freely by the sword as he [the King] himself held the kingdom of England by the crown" As Count or Earl Palatine he had extradordinary authority within his provinces - this was seen as necessary due to the need to defend the Marches from the incursions of the Welsh - and as such he had his own Court and hereditary barons who each had their own jurisdiction, and power of "life and death" - legend has it that the Barons of Malpas, (later the Egertons from whom the Wedgwoods of Harracles etc. descend) were particularly prone to sentence the latter. The hereditary Barons created by Hugh are as follows, after the reversion of the Earldom with the crown, these dignities became only titular.

Illegitimate children:
Ottiwell, tutir to the children of Henry I, died in the White Ship disaster
Robert, Abbot of Bury St Edmunds
William d' Abrincis, whose daughter Lucia married Aubrey de Vere, Earl of Ghisnesand 1st Earl of Oxford

also called Hugh The Fat, or Hugh The Wolf,  French Hugues Le Gros, French- Latin Hugues Lupus  son of Richard, Viscount d'Avranches, and probable companion of William the Conqueror, who made him Earl of Chester in 1071. (He inherited his fatherer's viscountship sometime after 1082.) He had special privileges in his earldom, and he held land in 20 counties. Hugh was called Le Gros because of his great bulk and Lupus because of his ferocity. He regarded Saint Anselm as his friend, and he showed the customary liberality to religious houses. His life was mainly spent fighting in Wales and in Normandy. Hugh's only son Richard, who was childless, drowned in the White Ship in November 1120.
d' Avranches, Hugh Earl of Chester (I2747)
I have linked Charles Augustus Turner to the Charles Turner aged 15 in the 1841 Channel Islands census living in St Helier, Jersey, based on two facts:
1. Solomon and Mary Royes and their two daughters Adelaide and Mary had moved to Jersey and lived in High St, St Aubin, Jersey - Mary was listed as 15. [Note that the 1841 census tended to round ages down to the nearest 5 - Mary was actually about 16 or 17. Charles might also have been older than 15.]
2. Mary's second child is Charles Delauney Turner/Bravo. This Charles Turner's grandmother has maiden name Delauney.

Notes for further research:
London Deaths Charles Turner
(none for Augustus Charles and the only Augustus died outside our time frame of 1849-1853)
Mar 1849 Chelsea (1841-1981)
Mar 1849 Hackney
Jun 1849 St George Hanover Square
Sep 1849 City of London
Mar 1850 Croydon
Jun 1850 St Saviour Southwark
Jun 1850 Croydon
Sep 1850 Strand (1837-1913)
Mar 1851 Greenwich
Jun 1851 West London
4 Jan 1852 St Andrew's Holborn, age 60, address Back Hill
Mar 1852 Holborn
Jun 1852 Kensington
Dec 1852 Lambeth
[Many more outside London. One writer suggests that he died in Jamaica but this may be an assumption based on the fact that his widow Mary subsequently re-married in Jamaica.]
Turner, Charles Augustus (I1398)
If you check around the web, you will find much confusion as to who Baldwin's wife is and what their daughter was called and who she married....

A. has "Seigneur Baldwin Fitz Gilbert 'the Sheriff' de Brion (about 1022-1090)" married to "Albreda d' Abrancis (About 1037-)" with a daughter "Emma de Crispin". This Emma married (1) "William d' Abrincis" (their son is Robert) (2) "William Avenel"

B. Robin Young has:
Baldwin DE BRION [son of Gilbert de Crispin Count of Brion] married Albreda.
They had the following children:
Richard DE BRION.
Maud Matilda or Emma DE BRION (DE BOVILL).

C. has...
Albreda GOZ
Father: Richard GOZ (Count of Avranches)
Mother: Emma de CONTEVILLE
Family 1 : Baldwin FitzGilbert de BRIONNE (Baron Okehampton)
2. Richard FitzWilliam Abrincis REDVERS (Earl of Devon)
3. Adelicia Emma de BRYONIS

Adelicia Emma de BRYONIS
DEATH: 24 Aug 1142
Father: Baldwin FitzGilbert de BRIONNE (Baron Okehampton)
Mother: Albreda GOZ
Family 1 : William d' ABRINCIS
1. Robert d' ABRINCIS (Baron Okehampton)

Albreda le Goz married to Baldwin "The Sheriff" of Okehampton Fitzgilbert de Moels
with children
Emma Fitzgilbert
Roger de Moels
John Burguillon de Newton
Richard of Devon de Redvers

E. Ancient Families has daughter Emma as daughter by second wife Emma who had previously been married.
Baldwin Comte de Brionne (I2820)
If you have a subscription to you can follow John Howard Percy Larsen from the Fox-Wakefield and Family Connections at . These notes are from the owner of that tree, Helga Fox:

Larsens/Jensons on S.S. ''Reichstag'' 1873 From Hamburg, Germany to Maryborough, Queensland, Australia

For a photo and a description of S.S. ''Reichstag'' go to


Carl Martin Larsen age 41 born abt 1832 Norway, died Queensland, Australia 1881 (Entered as Martin Larsen born Norway aged 45 on Death Record)

Ingeborg Larson (wife of Carl Martin) age 47 born Norway died Queensland, Australia 1879 (Transcribed on Death Record as Inborg Larsen daughter of - Johsen (I think this this should read as Jensen?) and Yurgine -, born Norway aged 54 years) On son's Death Record Ingeborg's name is Ingeborg Anne Jenson.

Ludwig Larsen (Ludwig August Larsen, son of Carl Martin and Ingeborg) age 10 born 1863 Norway, married Martha Le-Neve Hutchins in 1888 Queensland, Australia and was listed as a baker in the Electoral Rolls. Ludwig and Martha had 11 Children, Florence Ruby b 1891, Herbert Alexander b 1892, William Edgar b 1893, Harold Leslie b 1895, Elsie Murial b 1896, Winifred Edna b 1898, Lilian Ivy b 1900, Lelia Esme b 1903, John Howard Percy b 1905, Edwin Stanley b 1906, Ernest Dudley b 1909. Ludwig died 1928 Queensland, Australia. His parents are entered on his Death Record as Carl Martin Larsen and Ingeborg Anne Jenson. Although Ludwig died in 1928 he appears with his wife Martha on the 1930 Electoral Roll in Buss Street, Bundaberg.
Larsen, Ludwig August (I4160)
In 1042 Edward 'the Confessor' became King. As the surviving son of Ethelred and his second wife, Emma, he was a half-brother of Hardicanute. With few rivals (Canute's line was extinct and Edward's only male relatives were two nephews in exile), Edward was undisputed king; the threat of usurpation by the King of Norway rallied the English and Danes in allegiance to Edward.

Brought up in exile in Normandy, Edward lacked military ability or reputation. His Norman sympathies caused tensions with one of Canute's most powerful earls, Godwin of Wessex, whose daughter, Edith, Edward married in 1045 (the marriage was childless).

These tensions resulted in the crisis of 1050-52, when Godwin assembled an army to defy Edward. With reinforcements from the earls of Mercia and Northumberland, Edward banished Godwin from the country and sent Queen Edith from court. Edward used the opportunity to appoint Normans to places at court, and as sheriffs at local level.

William, Duke of Normandy may have been designated heir. However, the hostile reaction to this increased Norman influence brought Godwin back. Edward subsequently formed a closer alliance with Godwin's son Harold, who led the army as the king's deputy (he defeated a Welsh incursion in 1055) and whom Edward may have named as heir on his deathbed.

Warding off political threats, England during the last 15 years of Edward's reign was relatively peaceful. Prosperity was rising as agricultural techniques improved and the population rose to around one million. Taxation was comparatively lightht, as Edward was not an extravagant king and lived off the revenues of his own lands (approximately £5,500 a year) - nor did he have to pay for expensive military campaigns. Deeply religious, Edward was responsible for building Westminster Abbey (in the Norman style) and he was buried there after his death in 1066.
Edward the Confessor King of England (I2877)
In an article in the Australian Pioneers Club Bulletin for March 2002, John Boger writes about a table he presented to the Club:
The Mark Bell Table belonged to Colonel Mark Sever Bell, VC CB, the son of Hutchinson and Emily Bell (née Royes) of Darlinghurst, New South Wales. Mark Bell was born in Sydney in 1843 and died at Sunninghill, Surrey in 1906.
In 1874 [4 February], Lieutenant Bell, as he then was, Royal Engineers (British Army), was awarded the Victoria Cross for bravery in the Ashanti wars at the battle of Ordashu, West Africa. It is recorded that he urged and encouraged a party of unarmed Fantee labourers, who were exposed not only to the enemy, but to the wild and irregular fire of the native troops in the rear. He was always in the front and, by his example, he made these men do what no European party was ever required to do in warfare, namely, to work under fire in the face of the enemy without a covering party.
His Victoria Cross was awarded fairly early in the history of the award and, while it is not an Australian one because he was not serving with Australian forces, it is the first awarded to a British subject born in Australia.
Colonel Bell's career was distinguished in other ways than for valour. His last command was of the Royal Engineers, Western District from 1894 to 1898. He was ADC to Queen Victoria from 1897 to 1900. But perhaps he should be remembered most of all for a forced march of 600 miles (1000 kilometres) in Afghanistan in 1868. He was an inveterate traveller and, it is recorded, travelled 12,000 miles (20,000 kilometres) in generally unknown parts of Central Asia, China and the East. Finally he was the author of important military and geographical articles. To those who are familiar with the sapper (military engineer) role, his record is typical of the distinguished sapper of his day.
The table's provenance is certain. Colonel Bell died in 1906. From his widow Nora (née Boger) the table and other possessions were inherited by his daughter, Ianthe, who died in 1959. Ianthe was single and, as a distant cousin, left the table to my sister, Elizabeth, who died in 1972. She left it to me and in 1995 I gave it to the Club.
CB = Companions of (the Order of) the Bath - see and states "Born in New South Wales, Australia, his family travelled to England when he was an infant."

References to publications (see
Observations on N.E. China as a recruiting-ground for transport and on the Chinese as foreign levies, transport attendants, hospital bearers and labourers / Lt F.E.Younghusband & Lt-Col Mark Sever Bell.Intelligence Branch, Quarter Master General's Department in India Date(s): July 1886.
China: being a military report on the north-eastern portions of the provinces of Chih-li and Shan-tung; Nanking and its approaches; Canton and its approaches &c. &c., together with an account of the Chinese civil, naval and military administrations &c. &c., and a narrative of the wars between Great Britain and China. Prepared in the Intelligence Branch of the Quarter Master General's Department in India. By Major Mark S.Bell, V.C., Royal Engineers, Assistant Quarter Master General.
From Rev Sebastian Jones, All Souls' Church, South Ascot:
Colonel Bell's widow and daughter, Ianthe, worshipped in All Souls' Church, South Ascot, where he is buried. In the year folowing his death they gave the church a very splendid stained glass East Window. This was followed by two other large windows, all designed by Messrs. Powell and Sons of Whitefriars Glass Works.
Colonel Bells Son, Captain Mark Bell, was killed in action in 1916. The font in the church was carved and presented as a memorial to him, together with six further stained glass windows of six soldier saints representing the allied nations of the Great War.
BELL Mark Sever (Reg. No.80)
Lieutenant, Corps of Royal Engineers
London Gazetted on 20th November 1874
VC Medal's Custodian is the Royal Engineers Museum.
Born on 15th May 1843 at Sydney, NSW., Australia.
Died on 26th June 1906 at Windlesham, Surrey.
Digest of Citation reads:
On 4 February 1874 at the Battle of Ordashu, Ashanti West Africa, Lieutenant Bell was always in front, urging and exhorting an unarmed working party of Fantee labourers who were exposed not only to the fire of the enemy, but to the wild irregular fire of the native troops to the rear. He encouraged these men to work under fire without a covering party, and this contributed very materially to the success of the day.
Additional Information: Colonel Bell was the second son of the late Hutchinson Bell of Leconfield, Yorkshire. His education was private and at King's College, London. (Fellow 1890.) In 1862 he entered the Royal Engineers. In 1865-66 he served with the Bhutan Expedition, in command of the Royal Engineers as well as the Bengal Sappers and Miners. He also commanded the Engineers in the Hazara Expedition in 1868 earning a mention in Despatches after a forced march of 600 miles.
During the Ashanti Wars (1873-4) he was Adjutant to the Royal Engineers, Brigade and Special Service Officer. He was mentioned in Despatches for other acts which were in no way connected to his Victoria Cross award.
He married twice. His first wife was Angelina Helen Dickenson (daughter of Capt.R.B.F.Dickenson of the 15th Regiment.) Angelina Died on in 1879.
He was promoted to Major in 1882 (In The Victoria Cross 1856 to 1920he is stated as being a Captain) and served as an Intelligence Officer in the Burma Campaign of 1886-87. He was A.Q.M.G. of Intelligence 1880-85. He was promoted to Brevet Lieutenant Colonel in 1883 and then to Brevet Colonel in 1887. He was the ADC to Her Majesty Queen Victoria in 1887; D.Q.M.G. 1885-88 Col. Bell commanded the Royal Engineers, Western District from 1894-98.
He married for the second tome to Nora Margaret, daughter of Hext Roger Esq. Of Inceworth South Devon. In 1893 he was created a CB (Military. Because of ill health he was placed on half pay.
He was extremely well travelled covering more than 12,000 miles, visiting Central Asia, China and the East. Many of the places he visited were unknown. He was the author of many military and geographical papers and was the first winner of the McGregor Gold Medal of the United States Institute, Indiana.
He Died on the 26th of June 1906 at Earlywood Lodge, Sunnunghill, Surrey at the age of 63.
His Eldest son Anthony Bell served in the King's Own and was mentioned in Despatches as well as being awarded the Military Cross and the 1914 Star. The youngest son Robert, was killed in action serving with the KRRC on the 3rd September 1916 after being mentioned in Despatches on the 1st of January 1916.

Bell, Colonel Mark Sever VC CB ADC (I3480)
In KGR data. I have been unable to find any support for it.

The Hilditch family went to Antrim early in the 1600s, settling in a small triangular area running from Carrickfergus and Belfast up across to Larne, Straid, Ballyeaston and ending up at Ballymena. I believe (though cannot prove it) that they came over from England, which is where the family appear to originate from. They were in Antrim very early - I understand that there is a record of a Hilditch in Antrim in the early 1600s in Carrickfergus.  I suspect that they came over at the same time as so many of the Scots, to settle the north. I also understand that they were Presbyterian and were heavily involved with the Presbyterian church in Carrickfergus early on. My own Hilditch ancestors came from the parish of Ballyeaston, most likely living at farms round that area - certainly two of the small hamlets had Hilditch members living there, but it is such a rare name and only found in that very small area, that I am pretty sure they are all descended from one common ancestor. They certainly appear to stick to the same first names - as I guess did most of their neighbours - John, Samuel, Thomas, William, John and Hugh, with Margaret, Mary, and and Agnes for the girls.  I have a lot of info on some branches from the 1840s onward, and have tried to search for earlier information but both of the parish records I need were destroyed in 1922 so will probably never be able to make the connection - however I do know that many of the surnames mentioned on your list are the same as those in the area where my family lived.
Hilditch, Mary (I3228)
In respect of their children there is much disagreement except that Ansfrid is a constant though the dates are doubtful...

According to [inactive]...
*Ansfred I "the Dane Rollosson Count of Hiesmer born about 0937 Tillieres, Normandy, France; died after 0973
*Rollo Rollosson born about 0940/50 Normandie, France

According to ...
Anslech (Baron) de TURSTAIN ;  
Ansfried (Ansfrid) `the Dane' (Count) of HIESMER

According to and several other sites ...
Ansfrid de Goz, VISCOUNT [or similar]

According to ...
"with issue, including:" … Ansfrid I Hrolfsson the Dane ( abt 935 )

According to Robin Young
Ansfrid (Rollosson) GOZ Viscount of Hiemois was born 963(937?) and died 1035.
Wymund, Witmund Guitmund Guitemonde or Wymconde was born 1053 and died 1109 (which dates are not possible if Turstan is his father, but the link may be provided to indicate a link exists even if the intermediate generations are not known).
Turstan, Hrolf (I2797)
Is this the kinsman "father" Michael refers to in his will. Why doesn't he call him son?
He calls his nieces kinswomen so perhaps Henry is a nephew.

After the registers of Preston were destroyed in the fire of 1658, new records began with Baptism 3 May 1661 "Son of Michael" a Henry and in 1682 to 1698 the children of Henry and Elizabeth his wife at nearby Ash.

Henry Hougham is on marriage regs of Preston married 1681 Elizabeth Harris. The vicars and historians of today (19 Century) give him as son of Michael the Church Warden, if so he was living when Michael died - why didn't Michael name a child of his own in his will - he named only nieces a nephew and a "kinsman" Henry - some relationship did exist the Marriage licence1681 Michael died 1679. His brother Richard died 1686

Achievements ltd have a Mary christened 20 Nov 1683 to Henry and Elizabeth
Huffam, Henry (I2671)
It is perhaps somewhat ironic that the only two "Royal" burials in Canterbury Cathedral represent an ancient conflict for the throne of England. Although, Edward, The Black Prince and heir to the Throne, was outlived by his Father, Edward III, his son, Richard, became Richard II. It was the son of Edward's (The Black Prince) younger brother, John, the Duke of Lancaster, also known as John of Gaunt, who deposed Richard II and eventually became Henry IV.

The Black Prince seemed to have had a long and close association with Canterbury and its Cathedral. It is suggested, although not actually proven, the The Prince was educated by the then Prior of the Monastery. He was responsible for the construruction of The Chantry in the Crypt at the time of his marriage to his Cousin, Joan Plantagenet, The Fair Maid of Kent. His will not only gave the design for his tomb but specified that he should be buried in the Crypt. This request was obviously not carried out and the "hero of the English people" was given pride of place alongside the tomb of St. Thomas in the Trinity Chapel. The effigy of The Prince, although gold in colour, was cast in latten, an alloy of copper, zinc, lead and tin.

In fact, Edward was a complex character. The leader of the English Army at the Battle of Crecy at the age of 16 and also victor at the Battle of Poitiers, ten years later when he captured the French King, John the Good. After this Battle, Edward brought King John to Canterbury and they worshipped at the tomb of St. Thomas together. It was obviously these victories that made him popular although there was a lot less enthusiasm about the level of taxes that his campaigns cost. Towards the end of his life, after subduing a rebellion at Limoges, he had 3,000 of the inhabitants, men, women and children, slaughtered. Not the kind of action that would have made acceptable reading in The Times these days.

Prince Edward the Black Prince (I2737)
Jane was a Tailor/Seamstress/Dressmaker and owned her own business in Larne. She sold her business to help finance the family move to Australia. The family met up with her brother James and his wife Annie and family in South Africa during the trip to Australia 1923.

The Ulster Covenant opposed the Westminster Parliament's Home Rule Bill for Ireland. It was signed on 28 Sep 1912 by the following members of the Russell family:
Jane Roy of Coronation Terrace
Margaret Russell of 1 Coronation Terrace, suggesting that this was the mother, Margaret née Whiteford, since the previous year's census return has her, daughter Jane and grandson Samuel living together. It was signed with an X but this is not necessarily indicative of illiteracy. (There was also Margaret, a sister of Jane's, born about 1873)
Among the many Samuel Russell's was one living at 1 Bank Road, Larne (=1 Coronation Tce). (Jane's father? - but why was he not in the previous year's census?)
Note that Coronation Terrace was renamed Bank Road at some point. 1 Coronation Terrace became 1 Bank Road and is 50 Bank Road today.
Russell, Jane (I1093)
King of Denmark abt 0988-1014, King of England 1016-1035

The son of a Danish king, Sweyn 'Forkbeard' began conquering territory in England in 1003, effectively devastating much of southern and midland England. The English nobility became so disillusioned with their existing king, Ethelred 'The Unready', that they acknowledged Sweyn as king in 1013. Sweyn's reign was short, as he died in 1014, but his son Canute the Great soon returned and reclaimed control of England.


Sweyn was the son of Harold "Gormsson", king of the Danes and the man who "made the Danes Christian". Such was the opposition to King Harold and the imposition of the new religion, that Sweyn led a revolt against him, becoming king of Denmark in his place in about 988.

Sweyn raided England in 994, but he was not secure enough in Denmark to attempt a full scale conquest. Gradually the raids became bigger and more threatening and Sweyn was able to extract larger tribute from the English king, Aethelred. The tribibute money, which became known as Danegeld, was paid in 994, 1002, 1005 and 1012 and paid for Sweyn's fleet. From 1009 onwards Sweyn's aim was not just raiding but conquest, and a succession of campaigns ended with Sweyn being recognized as king of England in 1013.

His reign was brief however, for he died on 3 February 1014. His son, with whom he campaigned, was Cnut, king of England from 1016 to 1035.

Sweyn King of England (I3612)
King of England (1154-1189)
Duke of Normandy (1151-1189)

Henry II, first of the Angevin kings, was one of the most effective of all England's monarchs. He came to the throne amid the anarchy of Stephen's reign and promptly collared his errant barons. He refined Norman government and created a capable, self-standing bureaucracy. His energy was equaled only by his ambition and intelligence. Henry survived wars, rebellion, and controversy to successfully rule one of the Middle Ages' most powerful kingdoms.

Henry was raised in the French province of Anjou and first visited England in 1142 to defend his mother's claim to the disputed throne of Stephen. His continental possessions were already vast before his coronation: He acquired Normandy and Anjou upon the death of his father in September 1151, and his French holdings more than doubled with his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitane (ex-wife of King Louis VII of France). In accordance with the Treaty of Wallingford, a succession agreement signed by Stephen and Matilda in 1153, Henry was crowned in October 1154. The continental empire ruled by Henry and his sons included the French counties of Brittany, Maine, Poitou, Touraine, Gascony, Anjou, Aquitane, and Normandy. Henry was technically a feudal vassal of the king of France but, in reality, owned more territory and was more powerful than his French lord. Although King John (Henry's son) lost most of the English holdings in France, English kings laid claim to the French throne until the fifteenth century. Henry also extended his territory in the British Isles in two significant ways. First, he retrieved Cumbria and Northumbria form Malcom IV of Scotland and settled the Anglo-Scot border in the North. Secondly, although his success with Welsh campaigns was limited, Henry invaded Ireland and secured an English presence on the island.

English and Norman barons in Stephen's reign manipulated feudal law to undermine royal authority; Henry instituted many reforms to weaken traditional feudal ties and strengthen his position. Unauthorized castles built during the previous reign w were razed. Monetary payments replaced military service as the primary duty of vassals. The Exchequer was revitalized to enforce accurate record keeping and tax collection. Incompetent sheriffs were replaced and the authority of royal courts was expanded. Henry empowered a new social class of government clerks that stabilized procedure - the government could operate effectively in the king's absence and would subsequently prove sufficiently tenacious to survive the reign of incompetent kings. Henry's reforms allowed the emergence of a body of common law to replace the disparate customs of feudal and county courts. Jury trials were initiated to end the old Germanic trials by ordeal or battle. Henry's systematic approach to law provided a common basis for development of royal institutions throughout the entire realm.

The process of strengthening the royal courts, however, yielded an unexpected controversy. The church courts instituted by William the Conqueror became a safe haven for criminals of varying degree and ability, for one in fifty of the English population qualified as clerics. Henry wished to transfer sentencing in such cases to the royal courts, as church courts merely demoted clerics to laymen. Thomas Beckett, Henry's close friend and chancellor since 1155, was named Archbishop of Canteterbury in June 1162 but distanced himself from Henry and vehemently opposed the weakening of church courts. Beckett fled England in 1164, but through the intervention of Pope Adrian IV (the lone English pope), returned in 1170.He greatly angered Henry by opposing to the coronation of Prince Henry. Exasperated, Henry hastily and publicly conveyed his desire to be rid of the contentious Archbishop - four ambitious knights took the king at his word and murdered Beckett in his own cathedral on December 29, 1170. Henry endured a rather limited storm of protest over the incident and the controversy passed.

Henry's plans of dividing his myriad lands and titles evoked treachery from his sons. At the encouragement - and sometimes because of the treatment - of their mother, they rebelled against their father several times, often with Louis VII of France as their accomplice. The deaths of Henry the Young King in 1183 and Geoffrey in 1186 gave no respite from his children's rebellious nature; Richard, with the assistance of Philip II Augustus of France, attacked and defeated Henry on July 4, 1189 and forced him to accept a humiliating peace. Henry II died two days later, on July 6, 1189.

A few quotes from historic manuscripts shed a unique light on Henry, Eleanor, and their sons.

From Sir Winston Churchill Kt, 1675: "Henry II Plantagenet, the very first of that name and race, and the very greatest King that England ever knew, but withal the most unfortunate . . . his death being imputed to those only to whom himself had given life, his ungracious sons. . ."

From Sir Richard Baker, A Chronicle of the Kings of England: Concerning endowments of mind, he was of a spirit in the highest degree generous . . . His custom was to be always in action; for which cause, if he had no real wars, he would have feigned . . . To his children he was both indulgent and hard; for out of indulgence he caused his son henry to be crowned King in his own time; and out of hardness he caused his younger sons to rebel against him . . . He married Eleanor, daughter of William Duke of Guienne, late wife of Lewis the Seventh of France. Some say King Lewis carried her into the Holy Land, where she carried herself not very holily, but led a licentious life; and, which is the worst kind of licentiousness, in carnal familiarity with a Turk."
-- Encyclopedia Britannica
Plantagenet, Henry II King of England, Duke of Normandy (I2694)
King of England and Duke of Normandy (1189-1199)

Richard I, the Lion-hearted, spent much of his youth in his mother's court at Poitiers. Richard cared much more for the continental possessions of his mother than for England - he also cared much more for his mother than for his father. Family considerations influenced much of his life: he fought along side of his brothers Prince Henry and Geoffrey in their rebellion of 1173-4; he fought for his father against his brothers when they supported an 1183 revolt in Aquitane; and he joined Philip II of France against his father in 1188, defeating Henry in 1189.

Richard spent but six months of his ten-year reign in England. He acted upon a promise to his father to join the Third Crusade and departed for the Holy Land in 1190 (accompanied by his partner-rival Philip II of France). In 1191, he conquered Cyprus en route to Jerusalem and performed admirably against Saladin, nearly taking the holy city twice. Philip II, in the meantime, returned to France and schemed with Richard's brother John. The Crusade failed in its primary objective of liberating the Holy Land from Moslem Turks, but did have a positive result - easier access to the region for Christian pilgrims through a truce with Saladin. Richard received word of John's treachery and decided to return home; he was captured by Leopold V of Austria and imprisoned by Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI. The administrative machinery of Henry II insured the continuance of royal authority, as Richard was unable to return to his realm until 1194. Upon his return, he crushed a coup attempt by John and regained lands lost to Philip II during the German captivity. Richard's war with Philip continued sporadically until the French were finally defeated near Gisors in 1198.

Richard died April 6, 1199, from a wound received in a skirmish at the castle of Chalus in the Limousin. Near his death, Richard finally reconciled his position with his late father, as evidenced by Sir Richard Baker in A Chronicle of the Kings of England: "The remorse for his undutifulness towards his father, was living in him till he died; for at his death he remembered it with bewailing, and desired to be buried as near him as might be, perhaps as thinking they should meet the sooooner, that he might ask him forgiveness in another world." Richard's prowess and courage in battle earned him the nickname Coeur De Lion ("heart of the lion"), but the training of his mother's court is revealed in a verse Richard composed during his german captivity:

No one will tell me the cause of my sorrow Why they have made me a prisoner here. Wherefore with dolour I now make my moan; Friends had I many but help have I none. Shameful it is that they leave me to ransom, To languish here two winters long.
Plantagenet, Richard the Lionheart King of England, Duke of Normandy (I2726)
Labourer and Govt Printer

About 1864 to 1872 the Henry Hougham family lived in part of the establishment where Mary Ann was a governess in which the elderley Miss Bullocks resided and were Principals of a school for young ladies. It was on Mile End Road nearly opposite Bakers Row - This latter had name changed some years later to Valence street. In 1872/73 the family lived at Hackney Road. When Mary Ann was born in 1856 they lived at 9 Red Lion Street at Wapping

The daughters chief companions were the two Hunter girls, one named Annie these two sisters married two brothers named Button. Mr Hunter lived at 118 Burton Road Clapham park. He had a box factory. Here the Hunter and Hougham daughters spent many spare hours making fancy card board and lace trimmed boxes- gift boxes for jewellary

Their brother Fred worked in the City of London at Pall Mall lifeguards abt 1862 from where as a youth about 13 of age he emigrated to Australia. The brother Henry went to sea as a captain's cabin boy at about the same age and he later made his home in Canada first, then in Rhode Island. By the time all were grown, three daughters and one son were in Queensland Australia and one son and one daughter in USA. By 1957 the 3rd and 4th generations are numerous in both places but the surmane Hougham has died out
Hougham, Henry (I4178)
Ludwig Larsen (Ludwig August Larsen, son of Carl Martin and Ingeborg) age 10 born 1863 Norway, married Martha Le-Neve Hutchins in 1888 Queensland, Australia and was listed as a baker in the Electoral Rolls. Ludwig and Martha had 11 Children, Florence Ruby b 1891, Herbert Alexander b 1892, William Edgar b 1893, Harold Leslie b 1895, Elsie Murial b 1896, Winifred Edna b 1898, Lilian Ivy b 1900, Lelia Esme b 1903, John Howard Percy b 1905, Edwin Stanley b 1906, Ernest Dudley b 1909. Ludwig died 1928 Queensland, Australia. His parents are entered on his Death Record as Carl Martin Larsen and Ingeborg Anne Jenson. Although Ludwig died in 1928 he appears with his wife Martha on the 1930 Electoral Roll in Buss Street, Bundaberg.

Ludwig and Martha's son Herbert Alexander Larsen fought in WWI. Herbert an assistant chemist before the War, was gazetted in 1816 for Mention in Despatches and again in 1917 when he was awarded the Serbian Gold Medal. Herbert married Ida Agnes Fox, daughter of Alfred Fox and Agnes Atna/Atma Daniell and worked as a sugar chemist. For a picture and info on the Serbian Gold Medal go to

Another son of Ludwig and Martha, Harold Leslie Larsen also fought in WWI and died on 9th November 1917 and is buried in the Belgian Battery Corner Cemetery, Belgium, II. D. 4. Harold Leslie Larsen was also gazzetted in 1918 because he was awarded the Military Medal.

I suspect that Edwin Stanley Larsen married Ida Agnes Fox's sister Frances Lydia Fox after 1930 as in 1936 he is living in William Street, Bundaberg with a Frances Lydia Larsen.

Christian Larsen (Christian Leonard Larsen, son of Carl Martin and Ingeborg) age 5 born 1868 died Queensland, Australia 1889 (Entered as son of Martin Larsen and Engebord Jenson).

I'm now looking for more information to see if there is a connection with the Larsens and Jensons mentioned below who were also on the ''Reichstag'' in 1873.

Doris Larsen aged 37 born circa 1836.
Dorothea Larsen aged 25 born circa 1848.
Frederick Larsen aged 21 born circa 1852.
Jens Larsen aged 23 born circa 1850.
Mina Larsen aged 2 born circa 1871.
Morten Larsen aged 35 born circa 1838.
Niels Larsen aged 28 born circa 1845
Olma Larsen aged 7 born circa 1866.


Anna Jenson aged 27 born circa 1846.
Gabriel Jenson aged 21 born circa 1852.
Hans Jenson aged 23 born circa 1850.
Magnus Peter Jenson aged 30 born circa 1843.
Maren Jenson aged 24 born circa 1849.
Family F3527
Madeleine Mitchell writes: Louisa was one of the Outside (outside of marriage) children of John Cover, at her baptism in 1862, although she was born in 1846. Her mother was listed as Sarah Smith. The fact that her mother's surname is used is significant because it means John Cover and Sarah Smith were not married. Our family lore is that John Cover had this outside family before he married Margaret Ellis in 1862. (He had 7 sons and one daughter including Septimus Royes Cover by Margaret Ellis Cover). Louisa therefore was probably of colour, and I suppose could have been mistaken for an Indian but I think that unlikely. You will see that the children of Louisa (in which she is listed as Louisa Royes nee Cover) born at Knapdale were born in the 1870's. This however does not answer the question of which Charles John Sr or Jr was the father of these children since senior lived to 1877 and Junior to 1905. Unfortunately there are no Methodist marriage records on Patricia Jackson's site, although the Mormon church did microfilm Dissenter Marriages which included Methodist records. It looks like they were married it was between 1862 and 1872. In the Law 6 register at the baptism of the children Charles Royes is listed as Planter, and the children were M or F Coloured, Legitimate.
This will probably muddy your waters more, but it is as I know it.
Cover, Louisa (I3864)
Marriage Certificate calls her a "Servant Daughter" of James Whiteford. There is a Hugh Wiley buried in McGarel cemetery, Old Glenarm Rd Larne in family grave including Samuel & Margaret Russell father & mother of Jane Russell. Plot AA151 AA152 purchased by Jane Russell.

A Margaret Russell signed the Ulster Covenant/Declaration in 1912 with address 1 Coronation Tce, Larne.,,

1911 census says that she had born 10 children and that 8 were alive. Our list has 11 so we have 1 too many, we have 1 known to have died before 1911.

Margaret is listed as head of household in the 1911 census and Samuel is not listed anywhere in Ireland.
Whiteford, Margaret (I1308)
Mary Ann became a well-known personality in Allora. All her life she gave devoted service to her church in all its activities, and each year attended the State Assembly in Brisbane and thus made friends all over the state. She was a strong chaaracter, sympathetic and warm-hearted, and all forms of charitable work drew her interest. She had many friends among all denominations, all were happy to enjoy the hospitality of her home, "Girlington". Mary Ann was a member of the WCTU (Womenens Christian Temperance Union), and during World War 1 was an enthusiastic worker for the Red Cross. Later she became the first Treasurer for the QCWA (Queensland Country Womens Association) in Allora. She was a successful and competent nurse, and was proud to claim the nursing of the second generation of children. Her association with the SA League was one of her last pleasures. Mary Ann died at the age of 89.
- from husband Alexander’s notes

She is registered in 1901-1936 Electoral Rolls as "nurse"
Millar, Mary Ann (I625)
Maurie Roy at one stage was taking out Eric's sister.

The following is a eulogy published in Eric's funeral service:

Eric was born in Cooklown on the 29Aug1913 He was the second son of miner George Moore 26 yrs and Margaret Mary Moore 20 yrs (née Adams).
Eric was one of eight children that grew up in the Far North Queensland area. His sister Shirley recalls Eric having to walk a mile in the mornings just to go to school -- if he didn't take a detour to go fishing or spend the day exploring the bush.
Eric was a man that could be referred to as a Jack of all trades, but you couldn't say he was a master of none, as what he set about doing he MASTERED, therefore, what he did, he did well.
Saying Pop was "jack of all trades" refers to his numerous skills. Pop was a tiler, a carpenter, a wharfie, and a soldier. Eric also co-owned a bakery and learnt how to be a baker. He also owned a newsagency, and it is believed he could sell ice to the eskimos.
But the career that he was most widely known and respected for was that of a publican. Eric owned several hotels; starting out with the Royal Hotel (Mareeba), then The Crown Hotel (Port Douglas) and the last pub he owned was The Dunlops Hotel (Mareeba), now known as the Peninsula Hotel. He was a huge supporter of the football clubs and was a co-founding member of the Mareeba Lions Club.
One of Eric's many nicknames was 'PUNCHY MOORE'. This had a few meanings that refer to his boxing days when he was a boxing referee. And also from his publican days... If you were playing up too much, he would jump over the bar and punch you.
But before we go too far we need to acknowledge the fact that Eric was a solider in World War II. Corporal Eric Lawrence Moore QX3959, was enlisted with the Australian Any on 2 Apr1940. Eric was a truck driver in a services unit. He boarded the ship The Queen Mary to the Middle East for his first tour of duty. Whilst aboard the ship Eric took on the Australian Bantamweight Champion, and won very convincingly.
Eric completed his tour of duty in the Middle East and returned to Cairns to marry Jean McFarlane née Royes on the 30th May 1944, and Jean's three children Joyce, Bert and Ron, became Enc's stepchildren. They then moved to Brisbane for a short time, where they purchased a newsagency.
Enc was recalled to Army duty. He had to train on the Atherton Tablelands for the conditions in Papua New Guinea. He was one of many who fought in the historic war on the Kokoda Trail. On completing his last tour of duty, he was discharged from the Army on the 24 Aug1945 from 2/23 Aust Support PE. The War was something that Eric never spoke too much about.
After Eric's 90th birthday, we came across some newsletters from a fellow soldier that had been keeping the in touch with members from the unit (1st Australian Corp Troops Supply Column) Jack Kelso, a fellow digger, is putting the names of the soldiers that are called to 'The Big Parade' on an honour board. So if you are ever in Dorrington Queensland, call into the Enoggera District Memorial Hall you will see up on the honours Board the name of Corpora! Eric Lawrence Moore QX3959.
Pop will be remembered in Mareeba as we watch the olive tree that he planted grow.
It was planted on Remembrance Day 2000 "as a living symbol to remember all who served Australia in times of conflict". This honour was bestowed on Eric for being the oldest returned soldier at the time.

World War 2 Nominal Roll:
Service 2 Apr 1940 - 24 Aug 1945
NOK Mother, Margaret Moore
Rank Corporal

Eric does not appear on the Electoral Rolls 1901-1936, but there are many Moore's who share Lawrence as their second name, mainly in Melbourne, VIC)
Moore, Eric Lawrence (I697)
Middlesex Sessions:
Sessions Papers - Justices' Working Documents
January 1715
About this document type
Currently Held: LM
LL ref: LMSMPS501420028
Image 28 of 1858th January 1715
Middx ss
John Fuller
Whereas it appeareth unto us John Fuller and Alexander Ward Esqrs . two of his Maties Justices of the peace for the County of Middlesex (Quirum anns) resideing nearest the parish Church of parish of St James Clerkenwell in the said County That M Mary Stanton Singlewoman was upon the Seventeenth day of December last past delivered of a Male Bastard Child within the said parish of St. James Clerkenwell which was Baptized by the name John which said Male Bastard Child did become chargeable to the said parish and is Since dead And Whereas it appeareth unto in the said Justices by the Examinacon of She said Mary Stanton taken upon Oath the Ninth day of November last past and also upon the Informacons of Anna Taylor Widw and Mary Barton taken Severall on Oath the first day of this Instant January before us and other circumstances that Sir John Mordaunt Barronett is the only and true father of the said Male Bastard Child. Wee therefore do adjudge him the said Sir John Mordaunt of the said parish of St. James Clerkenwell Barronett to be the only father of the said Male Bastard Child And do hereby order him the said Sir John Mordaunt to pay or cause to be paid unto Tobias Gibson the present Churchwarden of the said parish of St. James Clerkenwell or to the Overseers of the poor of the same br to Same or one of them the same of five pounds and Eighteen Shillings forthwith upon Sight here of which said Sum of five pounds and Eighteen Shillings is already ppaid and expended by the said Churchwarden and Overseers of the poor of the said parish of St. James Clerkenwell or Some or one of there for and towards the necessary Support and releif of the said Mary Stanton in the time of her Lying in and for the Christening and Buriall of the said Male Bastard Child and other incident charges relating thereto And Wee do order him the said Sir John Mordaunt to give Sufficient Security to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the poor of the said parish of St James Clerkenwell for the due performance of this our Order. Given under our hands and Seales this Eighth day of January in the first year of the reigne of King George over Great Brittain Etc. Ano. P Dui 1714.
Mordaunt, Sir John (I3096)
Note on paternity of Agatha, wife of Edward The Exile (by Andrey Alexandrovich Frizyuk)

Two main versions of Agatha's parentage have been proposed so far:

1. Szabolcs de Vajay in his paper "Agatha, Mother of St. Margaret, Queen of Scotland" ("Duquesne Review", vol. 7, no. 2 (Spring 1962), pp. 71-80) expounded the theory that Agatha was a daughter of Liudolf, Margrave of West-Friesland (he was half-brother of Emperor Henry III), by Gertrude of Egisheim. This is based on statements of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Florence of Worcester's "Chronicon ex chronicis" that Agatha was a blood relative of the "Emperor Henry".

2. Rene Jette in his article "Is the Mystery of the Origins of Agatha, Wife of Edward the Exile, Finally Solved?" ("New England Historical and Genealogical Register", no. 150 (October 1996): 417-432) pointed out some facts which were not explained by Szabolcs de Vajay's theory:
A. William of Malmesbury in "De Gestis Regis Anglorum" and several later chronicles state that Agatha was a Hungarian Queen's sister. Edward was a loyal supporter of Andras who accompanied him from Kiev to Hungary in 1046 and lived for many years at his court. Thus it's highly probable that "a Hungarian Queen" in question was Andras' wife, Anastasia Yaroslavna.
B. According to Szabolcs de Vajay, the marriage of Agatha and Edward took place in Kiev. This accords with statements of Geoffrey Gaimar and Roger of Howden that Edward took a Kievan wife "of noble parentage".
C. There are several etymological arguments. Agatha, for instance, is a Greek name quite unknown in Western Europe of that time. On the other hand, the name Agatha/Agafia was fairly common in the Rurikid family: all daughters of Yaroslav received Greek names, and we know that Yaroslav's Byzantine stepmother had an aunt named Agatha.
D. Also, the 11th-century fresco of St Sophia Cathedral in Kiev represents 5 living daughters/sisters of Yaroslav, all of marriagable age. One of them is Anastasia the Queen of Hungary, another Elisaveta the Queen of Norway, the third - Anna the Queen of France, the fourth - Dobronega the Queen of Poland, but who was the fifth?

It's interesting that the last wife of Vladimir I was apparently the first cousin of Emperor Henry III. Her daughter Dobronega could have been described as "filia germani imperatoris Henrici". What if Agatha was Dobronega's full sister? It seems to me that such a solution would explain all the evidence that we have in the best way."
[ ]
Agatha (I2701)
OBITUARY (The Waterford News Fri 6 Jun 1947)
With deep regret we chronicle the death of Mr Thomas A Hogan MPSI, chemist, Main St, Tramore, which took place at his residence, "Rocklands", shortly after t o'clock this morning. He was 52 years. Member of a very highly respected New Ross familly, the late Mr Hogan went to South Africa after graduating as a pharmaceutical chemist. There he married Miss Annie Russell and in Dec 1929 returned to his native country to set up business as a chemist in Main St, Tramore. In that sphere he wawas most successful and carried on a lucrative business. The essence of courtesy and fine business methods, his services were always sought by the majority of townspeople and no matter what hour of night people came to him he was always ready annd willing to assist them with his much-valued experience and advice in medical and other matters. Despite the fact that the deceased had born a very tedious illness for almost two years, his death has come as a great shock to not only his familly circle and other relatives but also to the people of Tramore Waterford city (where he was well known) and in his native New Ross, for, as late as last Sunday he was up and about as usual and that afternoon partook of a motoring spin to Dunmore East with members of his family. On Tuesday he became seriously ill and unconscious and never rallied in the end. As in busainess so also in social circles, the late Mr Hogan had few equals. His was the essence of good honest-to-goodness company and he always made a legion of friends. He was a devoted hsuband, loving father and a devout Catholic. Deceased was nephew of Dr JJ Hogan, Secretary County and City Infirmary, Waterford.
Hogan, Thomas Aloysious (I455)
Obituary from The Courier Mail (Brisbane) 30 Jul 2010 (original version of which is in Documents)

TWO words neatly sum up Bill Moody ? soldier and gentleman.
But he was also a royalist, to the core, and the day his MBE was presented to him by the Queen when she was visiting Brisbane for the 1982 Commonwealth Games was one of the proudest days of his long life. Only protocol ? and the thought of the uproar that would have ensued ? kept him from giving in to an urge to hug his beloved monarch.
By that stage the distinguished soldier and career public servant had come a long way from his humble beginnings at Mareeba. The eldest of the four sons of Marion Ruby and William John Alexander Moody, he grew up at the Atherton Tableland tinmining town of Herberton. It was a wonderful place for boyhood adventures, and had the added advantage of offering good tin scratching even though the town's mining heyday was waning by then. The pastime provided a handy source of pocket money in those tough Depression years.
Mr Moody attended the local school but left at junior level to work as a postal clerk. His love of the monarchy possibly dated from that time because he was given the job of welcoming Governor and Lady Wilson to Herberton in 1933 on behalf of his school. According to an account by The Cairns Post "Master Willie Moody gave a perfect and natural delivery, delighting all those who heard".
Any postal career ambitions he might have harboured were nipped in the bud by the advent of war. At age 18 he signed up with the 15th Battalion and after jungle training at Canungra he was commissioned as a lieutenant in 1942. Then it was off to Bougainville as a platoon commander. It was on that tropical New Guinean island that he earned his Military Cross on July 9, 1945, a fortnight before the atomic bomb blasts over Hiroshima and Nagasaki ended the war in the Pacific. Nevertheless, the war on Bougainville did not effectively end until August 18. when word finally filtered through about the Japanese surrender. Mr Moody was the first Australian officer to accept the surrender of a Japanese commander in the field in the southwest Pacific.
After his discharge the next year he returned home and married Janet East in 1947 before starting part?time accountancy studies. It was his vehicle for advancement through the commonwealth public service in a long and varied career in which he rose to director, Department of Supply for the Army, in Queensland and PNG.
He was also made an associate of the Chartered Institute of Secretaries in 1960, and continued his involvement with the army through the Reserves (he retired from it in 1971 with the rank of lieutenant?colonel). Subsequently he was awarded an Efficiency Decoration for his long and distinguished army service.
Mr Moody probably would have advanced even further in the public service, but he rebuffed many offers to move to Canberra and Melbourne because he so loved the Brisbane home he and Janet built following the war.
A year after he retired from the public service he was appointed MBE for his exemplary record of civil service.
Mr Moody was a man who, once he took something up, saw things through. So when he decided to use his retirement to become a voluntary English tutor to help migrants master the language, it came as no surprise to his friends that he ended up being TAFE's longest serving volunteer. His 23 years of service as a language tutor were recognised at a ceremony in 2004. But his greatest reward was the numerous tributes his grateful students wrote to him over the years.
They and his public service colleagues ? always remembered him as a true gentleman.
Moody, William George MC, MBE (I4917)
Much sadness was felt in the parish at the deeply regretted death wgich occurred in her 82nd year at Waterford Regional Hospital of Mrs Annie Teresa (Nancy) Hogan (née Russell), Rocklands, Tramore, who was predeceased by her husband, Mr Thomas A. Hogan.
The Deceased was a very estimable lady who was most charitably disposed. Her gentle and obliging nature, mild manner, courteous and unassuming disposition commended her to all fortunate enough to make her acquaintance. The tremendous service rendered in the family pharmacy and as a member oif Tramore Town Commissioners, Apoostolic Society and the ICA will long be remembered. Accordingly all who knew and respected her will deeply and justifiably mourn her demise.
The undoubted esteem in which the deceased and her family are held was truly indicated at the removal from Thomson's Funeral Home, Waterford, to the Church of the Holy Cross, as all walks of life were represented in the immense concourse of sympathisers. The remains were blessed on her arrival by her son, Fr Tom Hogan CSSP, Nairobi, Kenya.
In his homily at the Requiem Mass concelebrated by twenty-three priests, Fr Tom stated that death was the gateway to life in the promised kingdom. His mother was born here and raised in South Africa, where she met her husband Tom. They came back to Tranore to set up the Chemist shop at Main Street. Widowed at 36, she fostered a tremendous family spirit for which her children are very thankful. She was engaged in medical work in Kenya when staying with Fr Tom and many children owed their eyesight to her ministrations.
In recognition, she was afforded a signal honour and made a member of the Wathita tribe, given the name "Waikeo" which means born in the morning. Fr Tom read one of his mother's favourite prayers, "I live alone", andextended a sincere thanks to the Holy Ghost fathers from differeent parts of the world, local and visiting clergy, musicians and singers, and sympathisers from many parts of Ireland and beyond for honouring his mother and family by their presence.
Russell, Annie Teresa (I1083)
Of 138 Aldergate, Charterhouse Square, London.
Buried at St Botolphs


From a register of Silversmiths and Goldsmiths

Son of Solomon Hougham of the parish of St John in the County of Surrey Linendraper, apprenticed to Henry Corry 4 July 1764 on payment of 15 pounds. Freedom unrecorded.
Mark entered as smallworker, 11 Jan 1769. Address:Aldergate Street.
Second mark 11 May 1789, Apperars as bucklemaker, Aldergate Street, in the Parl. report list 1773, and entered marks as such, 1773-9 (section VIII).
Third mark as plateworker (two sizes) 24 Jan 1785. Address 138 Aldersgate Street.
Fourth entry (seven marks) 4 November 1786 same address. Heal records the above addresses and adds Charles and Solomon Hougham Goldsmiths, same address 1790-6.
Charles Hougham, goldsmith, Aldersgate Street, died 18 January 1793 (European Magazine, the Gentlemans magazine.)
Hougham, Charles (I2221)
Of Aldergate Street London Jeweller
Owned 137 and 138 Aldersgate Street London and lived in 19 Charterhouse Square

A register of Silversmiths and Goldsmiths records:

Son of Solomon Hougham free by redemption 7 June 1786 as goldsmith. He was already an established worker since Henry son of Henry Hougham was apprenticed to him in 1789. He was elected to livery, February 1791. Partner with Charles Hougham froom 1790 the latter dying 18 January 1793. First mark entered as plateworker 1 February 1793 Address Aldersgate Street. Second Mark (two sizes) 6 February 1793. Third Mark (two sizes) 13 November 1812. Fourth mark in partnership with Solomon Royes and John East Dix 13 September 1817, Address 138 Aldersgate Street. The partnership apparently dissolved by 19 September1818 when Royes and Dix entered a separate joint mark. Hougham died between 1818 and 1822 ( actually 17 Aug 1818 hence dissolvement of partnership - RY) His marks should be distinguished from those of Samuel Hennell.

Silver Forums at (
Apprentices taken by him were
William Bennet (1784)
William Ward (1786)
Robert Jones (1787)
Thomas Franklin (1788)
Soloman Royce (nephew) (1789) [Royce is used in the goldsmith records for Solomon Royes]
Henry Hougham (1789)
James Ede (1794)
John East Dix (1795)
In 1792 he was a signatory to the London Bucklemakers Petition to the Prince of Wales and one of the deputation of six who presented a petition to the King himself .
On 19th February 1800 the Proceedings of the Old Bailey ref t18000219-9 reports:-
SOLOMON HOUGHAM sworn. - I live in Aldersgate-street , I am a very large manufacturer of gold and silver plate : I have lately lost a considerable quantity of spoons out of the manufactory.. .. the spoons that are produced; I know them to be my property, they are in an unfinished state, never having been completely manufactured; they have the initials of my name at the back, and likewise the workman's mark, two dots, underneath.
His mark of 13th September 1817 was in partnership with two of his ex-apprentices, Solomon Royce, a nephew, and John East Dix.
Died 17th August 1818 at the age of 72
The will of Solomon Hougham, Merchant of Aldersgate Street London, Middlesex was proved at PCC on 27th August 1818.
It includes a legacy of £500 to William Ward, one of his journeymen and an ex-apprentice. Also "to each of my journeymen of seven years standing and upwards who at the time of my decease shall work in my factory in Aldersgate Street Five guineas and to each of those under seven years standing Two guineas "
A full transcript is on the royroyes site (under Notes) ...
BENJAMIN BRIND, theft : simple grand larceny [from Solomon Hougham].
The Proceedings of the Old Bailey Ref: t18000219-9
Trial Summary:
• Crime(s): theft : simple grand larceny,
• Punishment Type: imprisonment : House of Correction, fine,
(Punishment details may be provided at the end of the trial.)
• Verdict: Guilty,
• Other trials on 19 Feb 1800
• Name search for: BENJAMIN BRIND,
• Crime Location: Aldersgate-street
• Associated Records...
Original Text:
168. BENJAMIN BRIND was indicted for feloniously stealing, on the 12th of February, twelve silver tea spoons, value 30s. the property of Solomon Hougham .
DAVID PERRYMAN sworn. - I am a pawnbroker, No. 92, St. Martin's lane; I manage the business of Berry and Patmore: On Wednesday evening last, between eight and nine o'clock, the prisoner offered six tea spoons to pledge; I asked him where he lived; he told me he lived at No.12, Castle-street, that he kept a house, and that he was a jeweller by trade; from his manner of answering these questions, I suspected him, and sent my lad to the house to enquire; and while he was gone, the prisonener wanted very much to go, but I would not let him go till he returned; I asked him how he came by the spoons; he said he bought them at a shop in the Strand; I asked him if he could take me to the shop where he bought them; and he said he coulld not; he then said he did not live in Castle-street, and went out of the box; I ran round, and locked the door, and took him into the shop; I suspected he was the servant of some silversmith; I told him he need not hesitate, for I knew the mark upon the back of the spoons, I told him they belonged to Mr. Hougham; he said if I would let him go, he would take the spoons and put them from whence he took them; he said that he lived with Mr. Hougham, and hoped I would let him go, for it was the first time he had ever taken any thing; I told him I could not let him go; I sent for an officer, and he was taken into custody; the officer searched him in my presence; he said he had nothing more about him; but in his pocket he found eleven duplicates, eight of them were of spoons, which he said he had taken from his master.
SOLOMON HOUGHAM sworn. - I live in Aldersgate-street, I am a very large manufacturer of gold and silver plate: I have lately lost a considerable quantity of spoons out of the manufactory; last Thursday morning a messenger came to my house, to innform me that a man was stopped, and that I might see him at Bow-street, with some of my property; I went to Bow-street, and saw the prisoner there, and the spoons that are produced; I know them to be my property, they are in an unfinished state, never having been completely manufactured; they have the initials of my name at the back, and likewise the workman's mark, two dots, underneath; the prisoner worked for me several years.
Q. Had you missed these spoons? - A. Yes, I had; I have here no less than fifty duplicates, eleven of them were taken from his person, and the rest from his clothes in his trunk; they consist of fifteen dozen of spoons, among other things.
BENJAMIN-BAILEY THOROGOOD sworn. - I work at Mr. Hougham's: These spoons are my work, they were taken out of my box where my work is kept, I missed them last Tuesday evening; they were in the box on the Saturday before.
Prisoner's defence. I have nothing to say.
GUILTY (Aged 54.)
Confined six months in the House of Correction , and fined 1s.
Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice ROOKE.
Hougham, Solomon (I2219)
Of Preston

"The family named in same order as in will, probably not by order of birth. They are truly located (by each others' wills to parish registers) which leaves the impression of probably the sons were named first in their father's will, the mother being deceased. The family were all yeoman and undoubtedly of Preston BUT the registers of Preston were destroyed by fire in the vicarage in 1658 so anything previous to that time has to be gleaned from other sources - wills where possible and Henry's will is dated 1658"

Mentions sons Michael, Henry, Richard, daughter Elizabeth and her husband Stephen Woodland,Sarah and husband William Harris, Margaret and Husband Johnson, Eme, Anne, grandchildren Mary, Margaret and Sarah, sister Mary Paramour in his will.

Achievements Ltd have listed Susanna and Eva as daughters of Henry baptised 20 Feb 1630/1 and 3 Feb 1632/3 respectively. They also say that Henry's father is a Richard.
Huffam, Henry (I2154)
Of Sandwich. Inherited Barton Estate in 1714 from brother Solomon His relative Francis was trying to get it for his son in 1717.
He is recorded in the Knights visitation of Kent 1663 as 4th son of Henry and Elizabeth. The f irst son is given as 7 years old so Charles was born 1660-3.
He inherited Barton Court from his Brother. The first Hougham to own it was his uncle Solomon. In his will dated 1694 "I give and bequeath unto my nephew Charles Hougham, son of my brother Henry Hougham, Deceased, pounds 1000 of lawful English money". The children of Charles are also mentioned in his will thus: "To Richard Hougham and Henry Hougham, sonnes of my nephew Charles Hougham, at the age of 20 years the sum of 200 pounds, to the rest of Charles Hougham's children, 200 pounds apiece".
He inherited the manor of Barton, the manor of Woodnesborough and estates at Eastry on the death of his brother Solomon, who died without male issue, by the will of the first Solomon Hougham of Barton thus: "I give to Solomon Hougham, eldest son of brother Henry Hougham, all freehold lands", then follows a detailled list of manors or lordships - Barton alias Landport or Longport. and Eastry property and the manor of Winsborough alias Woodnesborough "all to Solomon Hougham for the term of his natural life and after his decease to the first son of his body lawfully begotten, and then to this sons heirs male, and in default of heirs male here to the second son and in default of heirs male here to the third son and his heirs and so on to the tenth generation ,the tenth son and his heirs the elder son and his heirs to be always preferred before the younger. In default of heirs, then all aforesaid to my nephew Charles Hougham for the term of his natural and after his decease " - here is repeated the elaborate detailing of heirs male up to the tenth generation and their heirs male. In spite of the elaborate precaution Barton passed to a daughter at third generation from Charles.
He inherited Barton Oct 1714 automatically on death of his brother Solomon who died 24 Oct 1714 , date on his memorial in St Marys Church, Sandwich, and whose will dated 12 May 1713 was pr oved in London, 30 Nov 1714. His will is in Somerset Houuse, London. Location is Index 2 Buckingham 579/9/89. He names himself Charles Hougham of the City of Canterbury Esquire. He mentions his children thus, "I give and bequeath to my son Charles Hougham the sum of 500 pounds of lawful money of Greaat Britain, then to my son Solomon Hougham the like sum of 400 pounds", "and I hereby direct and appoint the said sums of pounds 400 be paid of my estate of Winsborough", "and I do order that the said legacy shall be paid to my son Solomon at the age of one and twenty years, and that he shall have interest of the same yearly until he shall attain that age." "I do hereby make and appoint my son Henry an executor to the will". Henry automatically inherited Barton by the terms of the first Solomon of Barton

Charles is John Royes' wife Sarah's grandfather, and his son Solomon's wife Mary's great great grandfather
Hougham, Charles (I2167)
On 1891 census living with parents
On 1901 census living with parents

1 Sept 1949 111 Pier Avenue Herne Bay

" I knew both my grandfathers, both worked land - my paternal grandfathr married twice his name Edward Henry my father also was a Edward Henry and my mother Mary Ann Griggs. Father was a baliff meaning foreman. When I was about 10 years of age grandfather set up in business for himself as a contractor and Carriage Proprietor later a garage and taxi in Beltinge and retired to Hazlemere Drive where he and wife died. My brother Frank William now ownes the business. My father always said that many years ago our name was spelt Huffam but when and who altered it, if it was so,I have never heard, but I do have an old silver watch that belonged to my grandfather and via my father to me and on the dial around is neatly scratched Edward Henry Huffam "
Hougham, Frederick James (I5713)
One of THE challenges in researching Frederick Christian Luthers is that there were at least five generations with the same name.

From Leanne Cunningham: "I have been picking my Father's memory for all of the nicknames, jobs, and quirks of the Luther clan. Some are very interesting to say the least. Apparently, the first Frederick Christian Luther in Australia came here as he was involved in a duel which resulted in the death of the other participant. As this was highly illegal, he had the choice of going to jail or leaving the country (he came from Wetzler, Prussia). Being the gentleman he was, jail was not an option, so Australia he came to. Wetzler is a wine region and Fritz (I believe this is what he was called) was a wine maker, first working at Regentville on the Nepean River and then at the Hermitage at The Oaks [south west of Sydney]. He prodroduced some prize winning varieties and even gave the future father of federation (Sir Henry Parkes) his first job in Australia. He was also very good friends with Ludwig Leichardt and the family used to have the correspondence between them, but I believe this has since been donated to the Mitchell Library in Sydney."

Insolvency Index lists a Frederick Christian Luther of "Hermitage, Oaks", "NSW settler", sequestered 27 Feb 1849 (File # 1879) Edward Hougham Royes, whose sister married a Frederick Christian Luther, had been declared bankrupt eight months earlier. Times were tough?

In the 1850's a Frederick Christian Luther, who had previously worked at 'Regentville', establishes his own vineyard at 'The Hermitage' in Camden [ ]

Christian Luther, farmer, Hermitage, Oaks is listed in Grevilles 1872 Post Office Directory
Luther, Freidrich Christian (I634)
Patrick was born in New Ross. Patrick (a shoecutter) moved to Ballymena, Co. Antrim where he married Sarah HAMILL. They had a son Jimmy. Sarah and a baby daughter died in childbirth late 1917.
Patrick also may have married Someone from Dublin. (Or it is more likely, in view of later information, that he presented Fanny Mapes to his parents – Fanny was Church of England.) He served in the British Army. When Patrick announced his intention of migrating to Canada, his parents told him not to darken the door again and Jimmy was reared by his grandparents.

It is likely that he did not go to Canada (maybe a visit to relatives in the US) but England. Further information about the family comes from John Hogan (son):
Service record dates and Regiment unfortunately not known. He had service medals and he was a member of the British Legion Tidworth branch.
        He was awarded the IMPERIAL SERVICE MEDAL June 1958 ?        He was a Parish Councillor for SHIPTON BELLINGER circa 1930-40's ?        He was actively engaged in the Labour or Trade Union, or both, movements.
Family connections were not discussed in my early years, however childhood memories remain very clear. For instance Dad (Patrick) reminisced more about Dublin as a boy, and he talked of the Easter Rising [1916] as if his parents lived in the street in which it took place. I had always assumed he was born in Dublin until after my sister Maureen died, when her husband kindly sent me some bits and pieces of family history which included a copy of our father’s birth certificate (copy attached). I do not have any date for my parent’s marriage. This may not have occurred according to my brother George’s wife Betty who on a visit to Australia in the 1990’s told me that Dad had confided to her that there was no legal marriage. Thiis would not seem unusual at the time (end of WW1) and especially if dad was married to the Dublin woman at the time. Also if there was bad feeling between Dad and his family, did he concoct a story of him moving to Canada/America and add JOSEPH to his name to help cover his tracks?
His expertise at shoemaking repairs I find to be compelling. He had a complete range of cobbler’s tools and a set of foot lasts of all sizes, both male and female.
He maintained our family footwear at all times.
I do know he was Roman Catholic and my mother was C of E. None of us children were christened or baptized or whatever, and it has always been an embarrassment when required to cite our religion, whether we should put RC or C of E. As we were living in England it became easy to say C of E.
Of our family I believe we were all born in a small village SHIPTON BELLINGER, HAMPSHIRE and resided there until departure in adulthood.
Boxing:  Dad taught us boys the rudiments of boxing.  We always had 2 pairs of boxing gloves at home.  These were used in sparring sessions or to let us release our feelings of each other in typical boyhood squabbles.  Dad used to make us listen to any broadcast of big fights, I remember huddling around the radio at some ungodly hour listening to the broadcast of the JOE LOUIS V TOMMY FARR heavyweight championship fight 1939.  He also claimed to have met JACK JOHNSON, socially of coururse, in his young days. Boxing was encouraged as part of physical training at school in those days and brother Patrick was pretty good. He kept at it and was a member of his Regiment's boxing team in the Army. A local boxing troupe was formed in SHIPTON BELLINGER in the 1940's when bouts would be arranged and put on as fund raisers for the war effort.  The winners got 5 shillings and the losers 2 shillings and sixpence.  I had 3 fights for a total of 15 shillings before deciding it wasn't worth the money and retired at 16 years of age.
While some of the anecdotal evidence conflicts, the birth certificate guarantees that we are speaking of the same Patrick.
Hogan, Patrick Joseph (I4623)
Paul Robinson writes: In late 1891 my GGGrandfather, Allan MacDiarmid (born 1817 Loch Etive, Argyll) travelled from Sydney with his family to Armidale NSW to visit his 'kinsman' John Cameron at "Morven". While in Armidale Allan died on 7/11/1891. Allan's mother was Janet Cameron and she married Duncan MacDiarmid in Stronlain, Arnamurchan,, Scotland in 1809. I have now established for certain that the John Cameron, Allan MacDiarmid visited was the John Cameron (born 1836 Garmony Mull, died 1915 'Morven' Armidale) in your family tree. His grandfather was William Cameron born about 1788 Forosay-Glen Argyll.
I estimate that Janet Cameron (Allan's mother) would have been born about 1780, but I don't know where. It is possible that Janet and William Cameron were sister and brother and thus Allan MacDiarmid and John Cameron were first cousins (once removed). I would be grateful for any information you may have or any research that you could suggest that would establish if Janet and William Cameron were related.
Cameron, Hugh (I3929)
Peter Eldridge was born at Monks Risboro, Buckinghamshire, England the son of Joshua Eldridge, a bricklayer and builder and Deborah Lacey who had married on 16 Apr 1828 at Monks Risborough.
Peter Eldridge married Ellen Horne and they were living at Great Kimble with their four children when the 1871 census was taken. In 1873 they all migrated from London to Australia on the Storm King departing on 1 Feb 1873 and arriving at Moreton Bay, Queensland on 3 May 1873. Their daughter Sarah Mary Ann was born on 8 Nov 1873 after their arrival in Australia. Peter and Ellen died on 8 Mar 1916 and 28 Aug 1928 respectively and they are both buried at Toowoomba QLD.
Eldridge, Peter (I5536)
played and grew up with Charles Dickens

In 1872 she left her loved native land and sailed for Australia. Charles Dickens had died two years before. Many of his books were on shelves in the new home.

There is a story of a picture of a ship. It was in an Australian reading book - primer 2 and belonged to Marian Hurley Pratt in 1885-6. The grandma missed the sea and ships so much. Years later when MHP became possessor of the family bible there was the picture being used as a book mark, and now it is being placed - not as a brass tablet in a grand Cathedral but as a lasting memorial to a good woman, loved by all who knew her.

One thing, when people leave their homes for a foreign unknown place they carry a few mementos with them, memories of loved ones and places. Ann Phillis (Knight) Hougham took a photo of her parish church with her parents stone marked. This picture is 12 x 14 inches [305 x 356 mm], was framed and wherever she lived it was hung on her living room wall. It was taken from England to Australia, back to England and back to Australia, then to the USA and many times back and forth from Utah to California, and like the names on the old tombstones fading with age - MHP

MHP (her granddaughter) also writes :-

" Have you ever stood on the deck of a ship seeing your native land with everyone and everything dear to you gradually fading away in the distance? My own experience recalled in my mind a poem in my school reading book - one verse in particular - "The Emigrant Ship" All on deck together, young and old they stand, husbands wives and children, clasping hand in hand. On each face is sorrow that they'll see no more when thay wake tomorrow - their own native shore"

Now let us follow the ship Great Queenslander and meet new people. Those days ships depended entirely on wind and sails. Today (1958) a trip of that distance can be covered by a steamship, a floating city of palaces of the latest conveniences, i in 2 to 3 weeks - which took a sailing ship upwards of 3 to 5 months, often the meals curtailed to a dry sea biscuit like a soda cracker but about 3 square inches [20 sq cm] in size and one half an inch [38 mm] thick, so hard even a hammer would not break them; one would last for hours, a little piece of corn beef (sometimes green with age) and that was your meal. Today the same trip can be covered by a plane practically in a few hours.

Why did Ann P (K) Hougham go to Australia in 1872 as soon as her husband passed away, and take her two unmarried daughters? They were comfortably fixed and had no lack of friends, the girls in their teens in life's fullest activities. Only a mother could understand the answer. Out of her family of 9, 3 sons had died infants [William George, presumably William John and ??], her eldest son [Henry] was married and had to go to Canada, her eldest daughter [Elizabeth Ann] had married and with her husband and first four children moved to the USA. Her second daughter was married but had an invalid husband withTB, she would remain in London and trust in the future. There was still one son who had been gone 12 years .... yes you guessssed. He was in Australia, he had kept in touch with his mother. He was spirited away when 15 or 16 of age by the families own minister who said his own boy was wild and determined to emigrate, so he offered to pay young Fred Hougham's passage to go with his son, etc and when Fred insisted he should go and ask his folkes permission and get clothes etc the minister assured Fred that everything would be alright, proved, and he would immediately go to parents and explain all.

A person who could do such a despicable trick, could do more - he did not go immediately, he let Fred's folk worry and seek until the ship was well out to sea. So almost a year went by before the first letter and the true story reached the folks at home in England. So the mother decided to go to her boy.

The place was as beautiful as he had described - but - it was far from cities or towns, on a small mining claim, no stores or post office, just a few young people 2 or 3 of them married, no church, just in the midst of God’s own handiwork, nature itself, flowers, birds, butterflies even the insects and reptiles in brilliant colours, a clear stream of cold clear water, plenty of wild fruit and berries.Perfection, but nothing to do. The two sisters from the great city of London grew listtless, the mother agreed all should return to England, their busy lives and friends and Fred ought to come along. They moved 430 miles [692 km] to Bulimba, a small village on the outskirts of the City of Brisbane, to await the coming of a sailing ship and find something to occupy time.

During the waiting period a friend of Fred's had taken a liking for the youngest sister and when the ship was due begged her to remain and be his wife. She would not remain.

"The Darling Downs" was lifting anchor, tie ropes all untied, sailors unfurling sails, getting a foot or so from her moorings, when a young man with suitcase in hand leaped aboard. John William Hurley joined the Hougham family on their return trip around Cape Colony. So Africa to England. The return trips were not emigrants, very few passengers. There is nothing prettier or more stately than a ship in full white sail leaving or entering port unless a graceful white swan gliding along admiring its reflection in the water. The group aboard the ship were happy.

Arriving "home" safely in due time was a disappointment, things had changed in those few short years. Old friends gone, some moved and some died, young folks married and got their home cares now. Most of all they had forgotten the constant fogs and drizzling rain of London and longed for the sunshine and cloudless skies of Queensland. Fred and John William were feeling the effects of the damp. Decisions had to be made.

They all agreed that the sunny days in Australia would be good for Sarah's invalid husband, again they pack up, not only suitcases but household goods etc and soon were on their return journey to Australia going by way of South America round Cape Horn on the "British Nation" with 600 emigrants aboard. This trip was rough, crowded full of thrills and excitement - they were all glad when it ended.

Volumes could be written about this one journey alone, Suffice to say it ended safely and this story continues with the lives of each individual . The mother had her family, John William Hurley gained his prize - Mary Ann Hougham became his bride and wife. It is after this marriage that MHP enters the scene.

For more information about her ancestors see
Knight, Ann Phillis (I4184)
possibly not a child of Rognvald and Ragnhild, but read the following... [origin unknown]

22. KING HARALD'S VOYAGE TO THE WEST. King Harald heard that the vikings, who were in the West sea in winter, plundered far and wide in the middle part of Norway; and therefore every summer he made an expedition to search the isles and out-skererries (1) on the coast. Wheresoever the vikings heard of him they all took to flight, and most of them out into the open ocean. At last the king grew weary of this work, and therefore one summer he sailed with his fleet right out into the West sea. First he came to Hjaltland (Shetland), and he slew all the vikings who could not save themselves by flight. Then King Harald sailed southwards, to the Orkney Islands, and cleared them all of vikings. Thereafter he proceeded to the Sudreys (Hebrides), plundered there, and slew many vikings who formerly had had men-at-arms under them. Many a battle was fought, and King Harald was always victorious. He then plundered far and wide in Scotland itself, and had a battle there. Whhen he was come westward as far as the Isle of Man, the report of his exploits on the land had gone before him; for all the inhabitants had fled over to Scotland, and the island was left entirely bare both of people and goods, so that King Haralld and his men made no booty when they landed. So says Hornklofe: -- "The wise, the noble king, great Whose hand so freely scatters gold, Led many a northern shield to war Against the town upon the shore. The wolves soon gathered on the sand Of that sea-shore; for Harald's hand The Scottish army drove away, And on the coast left wolves a prey."

In this war fell Ivar, a son of Ragnvald, Earl of More; and King Harald gave Ragnvald, as a compensation for the loss, the Orkney and Shetland isles, when he sailed from the West; but Ragnvald immediately gave both these countries to his brother Sigurd, who remained behind them; and King Harald, before sailing eastward, gave Sigurd the earldom of them. Thorstein the Red, a son of Olaf the White and of Aud the Wealthy, entered into partnership with him; and after plundering in Scotlannd, they subdued Caithness and Sutherland, as far as Ekkjalsbakke. Earl Sigurd killed Melbridge Tooth, a Scotch earl, and hung his head to his stirrup-leather; but the calf of his leg were scratched by the teeth, which were sticking out from the head, and the wound caused inflammation in his leg, of which the earl died, and he was laid in a mound at Ekkjalsbakke. His son Guthorm ruled over these countries for about a year thereafter, and died without children. Many vikings, both Danes and Northmen, set themselves down then in those countries.
Rognvaldsson, Ivar (I3197)
Proposed Change: Margaret Wishart (I4054)
Description: I'm not sure how, but I know we are related to the 'Cover' family of Jamaica, from Surrey UK and we have some connection to Scotland.
My father passed away 3 years ago. His name was Rudolph Anthony Wishardt born in Jamaica in 1933. His name changed to Williams when he came to the UK in the 1960s.
Some of the Wishardts spell their name with the 'd', some do not. My dad insisted it was spelled with the 'd'.
He has plenty of Wishardt family still alive all over the world.
I have a picture of my Grandfather who was a tall gentleman of mixed race. He lived in Scotland, but went back to Jamaica. His wife (in the picture) is a black woman. I'm not sure if she was called Eve of Pearl.
There is also a German connection to the Wishardt family.
I hope this helps? I'm not sure how Margaret or Alexander are related, but it makes sense somehow.
Many thanks,
Angelique Danielle Williams (of the Wishardt family)
Wishart, Margaret (I4054)
Queen to Alfred the Great
c850 - 902
  Alfred the Great was born in Wantage around 849. At age 5 he was sent to Rome to be blessed by the Pope, who is reputed to have talked about how important a contribution this man would make for his country. Alfred grew up in a divided Britain that had allegiances to various leaders, and in certain parts of the country, the kingdom was subject to the constant invasions of Vikings.
The Mercian tribe "The Gainis" held power in ancient Gainsborough and the chieftains of the Gainis were Ethelred and Edburga Mucil. It is from the tribe of the Gainis that the town derives its name, which literally means the stronghold of the Gainis. At this point in time the Gainis had a castle on what is now the site of the Old Hall, and an ancient church existed in the area which is the present day site of the Parish Church.
Imagination suggests that the legendary daughter of the Gainis chieftains to be a very attractive lady with blonde hair and blue eyes. However, history has not been kind to recording factual details of this fascinating point in time and therefore for many years verification of this detail has not been possible.
According to Phillipa Stevens at Winchester Libraries, Elswitha could not have been unattractive, as females born to the ruling classes were often primarily groomed to marry the males of neighbouring tribes to create allies. If a tribesman's daughter developed as physically unattractive they were often hidden away in those dark ages. Elswitha, however, did not simply attract another eligible local chieftain though; she was to marry the King of England.
In 868 Alfred of Wessex married Elswitha Mucil, daughter of the elderman of the Gainis in the old town, and she became his Queen Consort. Alfred who is reputed to be one of the greatest of all English Kings, was given this the highest of all accolades by his people and will be forever remembered in history as Alfred "The Great". According to royal genealogy, Alfred and Elswitha had three surviving children:
Ethelfled Lady of the Mercians,
Elthrith who married Baldwin II, Count of Flanders, (five generations later Matilda of Flanders married William the Conqueror), and
Edward the Elder who succeeded Alfred the Great who died in 899. Elswitha died in 902.
Today there exists Elswitha Hall, which was the birthplace of another famous character - Sir Halford Mackinder, the building was named to honour the Queen from Gainsborough. Our present sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II, is a 35th generation descendant of this royal dynasty.

This biography was provided courtesy of Darron Childs and The Delvers, an independent local history group for Gainsborough. They can be contacted at the following email address: [email protected]
of Gainsborough, Elswitha (I2713)
QX34019 CAPTAIN W.W.II Born in Mareeba 28th December, 1917 Named Albert after his foster uncle, Albert Abbott, killed in World War 1 and Ernest after his maternal Grandfather ALBERT was educated at the Mareeba Primary School until the age of 12. (One of his teachers, Mrs. Wright, taught his son IAN ROBERT some 35 years later.) He passed the State Scholarship Examination as a qualifcation to a Secondary education. As the school leaving age was 14 he had to undertake secondary education. There were no secondar y education facilities in Mareeba so his parents made sacrifices to enable him to attend Townsville Grammar School. At the age of 14 he passed the Junior Public Examination (Grade 10) in 1931. The country at this time was in the grip of an economic depression and his parents having committed themselves to the purchase of Mr. Vaughn's business could not afford for him to continue a secondary education. Jobs were hard to come by and he was temporarily employed in his father' s furniture factory.
In December 1932 a position became vacant for an office boy in the Mareeba branch of Jack & Newell Pty. Ltd.
1936 Joined Citizens Military Forces (part time army)
1938 Promoted to Corporal
1940 Promoted to Sergeant
1940 Moved to Mossman as Branch Accountant for Jack & Newell
1940 Towards the end of the year commenced full time military service with 51st Battalion.
1941 Commissioned as Lieutenant.
1943 July to 1944 August - Served in Dutch New Guinea (Irian Jaya )
1944 August to 1945 August - Attended staff officers course and apppointed Assistant Adjutant of 31/51 Battalion.
1944 December to 1945 August - Served in Bouganville.
1945 July - Appointed Adjutant 31/51 Battallion and promoted to Temporary Captain
1945 August - War with Japan concluded
1945 September to 1945 December - Served with force taking surrender and arranging re-occupation of Nauru.
1945 December to 1946 June - Stationed at Rabaul
1946 July - Discharged from army in Sydney - Rank given as Captain
1946 August - Re-joined Jack & Newell Pty. Ltd. as Internal Auditor.
1949 26th November - Married BERYL IRENE MOODY at St. John's Cairns.
1951 February - Moved into own home at 18 Walsh St. Mareeba, had previously resided in the old Moody residence, Granite Ck.
1982 Retired from active employment
Sporting Interests : Rugby League and Tennis at Townsville Grammar School. Captain and Secretary of St. George's Tennis Club, Mareeba 1934- 1940 buried Mareeba lawn cemetery.
Smith, Albert Ernest (I4940)
Recent research would seem to suggest that Robert was actually the son of Ruallo who was himself the grandson of Rualon but until the link is confirmed this tree stays with the traditional history Furthermore, the ancestral tree of Robert requires confirmation as a close look at the dates would seem to show anomalies -RY Oct 2000
Having just acquired a copy of MHP's working papers for her book, I see that see she states that Rualon is PROBABLY the father of Robert, which gives more credence to the opening paragraph. -RY Feb 2004

The First Hougham. He took the surname of Hougham, the meaning being the same as Avranches - a home in a hilly place. Part Norman and part Saxon: "hough" - on a hill "ham" - home.
He is recorded on the Derring roll of Arms in the College of Arms at the commencement of the pedigree of Houghams .
Also it records 4 other Robert de Hougham in sequence.
He is recorded in a list of Knights with King Richard 1 at the siege of Acre on Crusades in 1191.
In 1189 by deed of grant he granted the manor of Boxley which he owned to the abbey of Maidstone in return for certain services from the abbots there, according to this same same deed of grant he owned the manor of Wavering and had let part of it prior to this date 1189
He held the manor of Wavering of the King: "in capite in wavringe 40 s rent rendering this service from it that when ever he king shouild march to Wales, he should find a horse to the value of 5s with a wallet and a broche for 40 days at the kings cost" A broche was a large vessel of leather in which to carry wine..
He is given in the Rotary Escheat Role for the manor of Wavering as Robert de Hougham Lord of Hougham, and so owned the manor of Hougham.
References: Derring roll of Arms; 1190 List of Knights; 1189 Deed of Grant Records Maidstone Abbey; All Eschest Roles; Assessment of Knights Fees; Inquisitions of Wavering 1191 -1307

Robert de Hougham I accompanied King Richard 1st "The Lion Heart" to Palestine in the Crusades. He is the first Hougham (as far as known by 1946) to be knighted and receive Coat of Arms. -The arms being "Ar 5 chevs, sable”
At about same time as this Robert was a John de Hougham of Whitstable, Kent, England who stood pledge for Ralph de Ditton.
From Ireland’s History of Kent vol.II.p.136 -. l37."The Parish of Hougham lies along the high Eastern hills of the
county of Kent.The manor was held by a family that took it's name of Hougham from this Parish (Hasted's Kent, vol.9, p. 452. and Ireland's -v.2.p,137 "Chilham was the principal seat of manor of Hougham. (Sometimes called Huffam and and Hicham and Hugham In Domesday Book.)
Hasted's Kent.vol.9.p.202. "Hougham of Dover, who in allusion to the arms of their superior Lords, the Averanches,or Albrineas Albrincas, Lords of the Barony of Folkstone - of whom they hold their lands, bore for their arms" (also vol. 9. p. 452-a Statement by Philpott) Arms, Argent ,5 Chevronnels, sable.

Hasted' s.vol.II.p.27."Fulbert de Lucie assumed name of Dover (Fulbert de Dover) had Baronial residence at Chilham. His descendant Richard de Dover - manor of Hougham held by Knights service - by family who took it's name from this Parish. -Robert Hougham-knight-of Hougham manor near Dover.
Suggested connections.Philpott says "That the Arms of Hougham was borne by them in token of their holding under the family of Avranches, Lords of Folkestone, such being a common practise in days of heraldy. The family of Everenge -Everlnge in like manner ---- either to mark their descent from or feudal connection with the same Lords of Folkestone. Here again is the assumption that although Houghams bore the name of their manor yet they WERE EITHER COLLATERAL DESCENDANCY OF THE FAMILY OF AVRANCHES OR CONNECTED WITH THEM BY MARRIAGE
The position of Weddington favors this assumption as it is adjacent to the lands which were part of the Barony of Folkestone, and in the tenure of d’ Avranches in the 12th Century."
d' Avranches - de Hougham, Robert (I2202)
Recorded in the will of his father Charles. He was at that time under age.
He is recorded with his profesion in the Role of Freemen of the city of Canterbury 1392-1800 . This is divided into this order:- by birth, by marriage, by apprenticeship, by redemption, by gift.
He is recorded in the Role by marriage thus: Solomon Hougham of London Officer in the Excise.
He is recorded in the marriage Register Book of St Dionis Backchurch parish of London thus: 1739 18 Dec Solomon Hougham of Bromley in the county of Kent bachelor and Lydia Hunt of Canterbury by licence.
He and his wife are recorded in the baptism of their son Henry and his son Charles.
He is recorded in the burial register of St Botolphs Church London for the year 1780 Dec 26.
He is recorded on his memorial monument St Botolphs, Aldersgate Street with the original Hougham coat of Arms thus:- In a vault behind the altar are the remains
of Solomon Hougham who died 18 Dec 1780 aged 76 years,
of Lydia Hougham who died 24 Jan 1789 aged 83 years,
of Ann Hougham who died 20 Nov 1789 aged 36 years,
of Charles Hougham who died 18 January 1793 aged 44 years,
of Jane Hougham who died 1 January 1812 aged 71 years, and also
of Solomon Hougham who died 17 August 1818 aged 72 years.
His unremitting excertions in the support of numerous charitable institutions will cause his death to be severely felt and long lamented.
Hougham, Solomon (I2209)
Recorded is on the Baptismal Register of Bromley Church 1742 Dec 15 as son of Solomon and Lydia Hougham. He was a surgeon in Tenterden Kent from 1774 to his death in 1818
He is recorded in the marriage Register of Church of St Johns Southwark as 1768 June 3 Henry Hougham of St Johns Southwark resided 4 weeks gentleman bachelor 21 years of age married to Jane Carlton of Greenwich spinster 20 years of age at St Johns Southwark with consent of her father Josias Carlton of Greenwich.
He is recorded in baptismal Register of St Mildreds Church Tenterden as father of children John, Henry, Frances, Lidia, Jane,Amelia, Mary, Ralph, Eliza.
He is recorded on the Burial register of his children Lidia an infant, Francis 1 Year, Francis an infant, John, Mary aged 26 years.
He is mentioned in the will of his brother Solomon of Aldersgate Street London "I also give and bequeath the following legacies to wit - To my dear brother Henry Hougham of Tenterden, Kent, Surgeon, one thousand pounds and if my said brother shall depart this life before me the said legacy of one thousand pounds I direct the same to be equally devided between such of his children as shall be then living and I give unto my said brothers children to wit, to Josias Hougham to Amelia Hougham. To Eliza Huntley and to Ralph Hougham five hundred pounds each and to Henry Hougham junior five hundred pounds"
He is recorded on the Register of Burials of St Mildred's Church Tenterden thus:- Henry Hougham of Tenterden 75 Years Buried 14 Sept 1818 Officiating John R Coombe Vicar.
He is recorded on his memorial stone "Henry Hougham died 8 Sept 1818 aged 75. He had issue by Jane his wife 14 children viz Josias, Henry, Amelia,Ralph Pepworth, and Eliza survive. The aforesaid Jane his wife died 18 July 1830 aged 82.
His will is in Somerset House Index 2 Ellenbro 1613/101/873 no. 18 made Aug 1797 and proved in London 25 Feb 1819. It states "This is the will and testament of me Henry Hougham of Tenterden in the county of Kent, Surgeon and Apothecary" " I beququeath unto my dear wife Jane all my household goods, household plate etc except my stock of drugs and other things relating to or belonging to my profession" " I give and bequeath unto my brother Solomon Hougham and the exhors and audits of this my will my ready money securities for money and money in the public stocks and funds drugs and all other of my personal estate and effects whatsoever upon trust. The said Exhors shall sell and convert into money all the personal estate and divide it between my children equally male and female alike who survive him to the age of twenty one years etc according to the laws of Gavelkind.
In Tenterden Churchyard on east side:
Henry HOUGHAM died 8th September, 1818, aged 75. Had issue by Jane his wife ………… Children, viz., Josias, Henry, Amelia, Ralph Papworth and Eliza survive. The aforesaid Jane his wife died 18th July, 1830, aged 82.
Hougham, Henry (I2217)
Referred to as Nellie in Yseult Bridges' book. Allegedly confined to an institution but staying with aunt Emily Royes-Bell in 1861 census (birth place St Helier, Jersey) and with Joseph and Mary Bravo in 1871 census (birth place Jersey).

There is an entry in the 1851 Channel Islands Census for St Helier that is curious:
Ellen Turner, aged 2, born St Helier, visitor with William (29 - labourer) and Sarah (33 - home duties) Halmen, Margaret Halmen (66 - mother of William, formerly laundress), children William (6) and John (4). Four families share the one address.

NOTE: There are many Turners in Jersey, but we do know that "our" Ellen was born in Jersey from census records so if this is "our" Ellen Turner...
1. Is this about the time that Charles is dying and the Halmens were either friends of the Turners or were paid by them to care for Ellen? OR
2. Was Ellen not so much "a helpless imbecile" (Yseult Bridges p 55) as, say, Downs Syndrome, (and rejected by her mother?) OR
3. Mary went to visit her brother in Jamaica after the death of husband Charles, taking the two oldest children but leaving Ellen in care on the basis that it was not possible to take her on such a journey?
Turner Bravo, Ellen (I1732)
Research note:

From: "Mike Boyd"
Date: February 17, 2011 12:02:23 AM EST
To: ,
Subject: [IRL-ANTRIM] Thomas Boyd Higginson of Canada 1958
Reply-To: [email protected]

During my trip to Scotland, Ireland and USA in 2010, I found the book Descendants of Reverend Thomas Higginson, written by Thomas Boyd Higginson, 1958.

The book covers the family of Rev Thomas Higginson who married Mary Boyd, the daughter of Archibald Boyd. It would appear Rev Thomas was born about 1700, as he entered Trinity College, Dublin in 1718. However no date was given for the marriage o of Rev Thomas and Mary. It only records 3 children being born to them - a small number for the period - William Higginson (no date), Boyd Higginson (b 1745) and Judith Higginson (b 1739). So I would estimate that there marriage took place in the mid or late 1730's.

It is know that Rev Thomas Higginson was born in Ballinderry about 12 kms NW of Lisburn in County Antrim. It does not indicate when he joined the Church of Ireland and became a minister, but he was curate of Tickmacrevan (Glenarm) in 1728 and Curate of Cairncastle from 1731 to at least 1768. So I am assuming that this Mary Boyd's family came from eastern County Antrim from one of the Boyd families in the Larne to Glenarm area who I have not yet found.

The family in the book spans 250 years. I would like to be able to contact the author of this book, Thomas Boyd Higginson, but from some of the references I assume that he has died some decades ago. So does anyone on this list know his children or grandchildren, so that I may be able to correspond with them about this family.
Higginson, George William (I6146)
Richard is recorded in Knights Visitation 1619 as son of Michael.
He was baptised in St Nicholas Ash 4 June 1574.
He is recorded in Knights Visitation of 1663 as the husband of Elizabeth Saunders, Solomon his son and Henry his grandson.
He is recorded in the will of his father Michael, he is recorded in the will of his mother Edith.
He is recorded in will of daughter Ann as father.
He is recorded in register of burials in Ash Church 8 Oct 1606. He is buried in South Transept. A marble memorial surmounted by the coat of arms [including three elephants heads on a chevron] is on the wall and a brass memorial plate on the floor marks the place. The plate reads "Here lieth buried the bodies of Michael and Richard Hougham, sonnes of Michael Hougham. Michael died in July 1594 and Richard died October1606. Richard married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward Saunders, by whom he had three sonnes, Michael, Edward and Solomon, and one daughter named Ann, all livinge. They were men both of a tall stature and comely persons, besides were well esteemed among all sorts of people, both for their vertuous lives and also in thheir younge years for there good and thriftie government, not of themselves onlie but also they were a good stay in the parish among their neighbours. This stone was laid by the appointment of them who were exec to their wills viz Thomas Paramor, now mayor of Canterbury, who married Ann Hougham, their sister, Mr Serles Hawket and Valient Austin, their uncle"
The mural memorial reads
Near unto this monument lyes the
Body of Richard Hougham, Gen
Late of Weddington of the Parish
and Elizabeth - his Wife, who was
the daughter of Edward Saunders
of Norton nere Sandwich Gen w
said Richard & Elizabeth had
Issue 3 Sonnes and on Daughter (viz)
Michael, Edward, Solomon and Ann
The aforesaid Michael and Ann
are also interred here.
This Monument was erected accord-
ing to the last will and testament
of the aforesaid Ann Hougham de-
ceased, who was baptized the 17th
of January Anno Dmii 1601 and de-
parted this natural life the 9th
of June 1661.
If grace and vertue could have deified
Here is interred a maide who nere had did
Her charity on earth, that put her love
On Heaven fitt only for the Saints above
Let theise frayle ashes a memento be
Her life a pattern and a legacy."

A Corner of Kent--J.R. Planche
see also

Michael inherited Weddinton and continued the Ash family, Solomon established the Sandwich family .
"In Peter le Neve's Church Notes we read: "There are in this church four monuments of the St. Nicholas', whose wives are here expressed in pale with their husbands;" and the first mentioned is "St. Nicholas and Engham," which we have been unable to discover.

A Corner of Kent --J.R. Planche - [page 404]: ... the name, like those of Paramore and Hougham, is still found amongst the labouring classes and in the humbler ranks of the community. But "apprenticeship doth not extinguish gentry," and the poooorest and lowliest members of these ancient English families may have the barren satisfaciton of writing the proud motto of "Fuimus" under the excutcheon they have inherited from ancestors who owned the broad acres they now till, in the times of the Plantagenets and the tudors."

Another history says that Richard died of the plague at Sandwich and as no one with plague was allowed to be buried in a church they hedged the law a bit by putting him in a doorway in St Marys church Sandwich after bricking up the doorway into the church first, then pushing hi s remains in next. They bricked up the outside so he was buried neither inside or outside th e church. This story is better attributed to Solomon the son of Richard.
Hougham, Richard (I2113)
Robin Young includes children, from Achievements of Canterbury research,
Elizabeth (bapt 3 Sep 1620 in Stourmouth),
Henry (bapt 12 Oct 1628 in Stourmouth, but note Henry (1632-1694) - possible if this Henry died early),
George (bapt 12 Oct 1628 in Stourmouth, buried 3 Sep 1630) and
Anne (bapt 5 Jun 1631 in Stourmouth, but note Ann (1624-1716) is still alive)
Are the two Henry's and two Ann(e)'s the same, requiring rationalising of dates?

Ireland has Solomon as son of Michael and Judith Austen. Given that Michael died 1583 and Solomon was born 1600. This is impossible.
1600 - He is recorded in register of Baptisms of Ash church 1600 Jan 1: Solomon son of Richard Hougham.
1606 - A Solomon is clearly included in the will of Richard 7 Oct 1606 - RY
1619 - He is recorded on the allegation for his marriage licence, Canterbury, thus: "Solomon Hougham of Northbourne, gentleman bachelor, about 20 years and Mary Beake of same parish, maiden, about 21 years, her parents being all of them dead, married at Birchington, 4 December 1619
1619 - He is recorded on Knights visitation of Kent 1619-1621 as son of Richard.
1632 - He purchased the manor of Shelving (alias Woodnesbury) in Eastry in 1632
1639 - Mayor of Sandwich
1658 - died of the plague in 1658. As no victim of the plague was allowed to be buried in a church the law was hedged a little by placing him in a doorway in St Marys Church. After bricking up the inside of the doorway into the church his remains followed and then finally the outs ide of the doorway was bricked up leaving him buried neither inside nor outside the church. Evidence remains today as does a brass plate inside the church. His memorial is a monument in St Marys Church, Sandwich, and reads "In memory of Solomon Hougham mayor of this town 1639 who dyed 27 Nov 1658 age 59, and of Mary his wife buried 19 Januar y 1641, also of Richard Hougham his eldest son buried 26 Apr 1662, and lastly of Solomon Hougham Esq 2nd son, merchant of London and High Sherriff of Kent 1696 who died a bachelor 16 Marc h 1697 in his 73rd year of his age". " Both the Indies both the poles nay both the worlds knew his traffic, justice and his country too. Giving all on earth the heavenly pearl obtained he lived with profit and he died with gain".
He was succeded by his eldest son Richard.
1661 - He is recorded in the will of his sister Ann which was proved 21 Jan 1661. She also mentions his son Henry, father of his grandson Solomon. Thus" Solomon Hougham, son of my nephew Henry Hougham"
1663 - He is recorded on Knights visitation of Kent 1663 as Solomon Hougham of Ash, with his marriage to Mary Beake and his son Henry of Ash, who signs the statement.
1694 - He is recorded on the will of his son Solomon of Barton Court, Canterbury, dated 7 July 1694, who desires to be buried near "my late father and nother in the chancel of the parish church of St Mary's Sandwich". The will which covers five sheets mentions the other children of Solomon and Mary thus: "I give unto my nephew Charles Hougham, son of my brother Henry Hougham, deceased,1000 pounds. To my brother in law Thomas Harvey and to my sister Ann his wife" etc. The will shows the course by which Barton Court was inherited by Charles, the son of Henry.
Hougham, Solomon (I2124)
Second child and eldest daughter of Robert and Ann. There is a record of birth of a Florence Campbell for 5 Sep 1845 in Sydney, NSW, Australia, her parents being Robert Campbell and Ann Sophia Riley. This is likely to be a match if the birthname of her mother can be sorted out.

Of Australian interest is the fact that her great great uncle, Robert Campbell, in the course of his many interests, established a pastoral property called Duntroon in what is now Canberra, ACT, Australia. The homestead, called Duntroon, is currently the Officers Mess of the Royal Military College. Duntroon is an officer training centre for the Australian Army and the name of a Canberra suburb.

Florence met her first husband in Montreal, Canada. He turned out to be an alcoholic and she sought the help of family acquaintance Dr James Gully (, who specialised in a water cure treatment near Malvern spa (which included treatment for alcohol abuse). He was born in Jamaica in 1808. Florence began an affair with the doctor - brief according to her testimony at the inquest into her second husband's death. She took as companion Mrs Jane Cannon Cox née Edward (though she used Edouard), whose husband had worked for Joseph Bravo in Jamaica, perhaps to guard her reputation. It was Mrs Cox who introduced Charles and Florence. When her husband died, Mrs Cox inherited considerable wealth.

RE: Jane Cox:
1861 Census, England, Parish of Bebington, St. Paul's Ecclesiastical District, 9 [?]George's View, Tranmere, Cheshire, England?Philip COX, head of household, married, aged 27, engineer, born Walgrave, Northamptonshire, England?Jane C. COX, wife, aged 27, born Liverpool, Lancashire, England?John L. C. COX, son, aged 1, born Rock Ferry, Cheshire, England
1881 Census, England, Civil Parish of St. George Hanover Square, St. Saviour's Ecclesiastical Parish, 26 Claverton Street, City of Westminster, London, England?Jane COX, head of household, widow, aged 46?John L. C. COX, son, unmarried, aged 21, medical student (St. Thomas Hospital).?Henry J. R. COX, son, aged 18, corn merchant's clerk, born West Indies?Charles F. T. COX, son, aged 16, clerk (unemployed), born West Indies
1901 Census, 19 Cambridge Road, Borough of Lewisham, Administrative County of London, England,?Jane COX, head, widow, aged 70 years, living on own means?Henry P. R. COX, son, single, aged 38, forage contractor working on own account, born Jamaica, West Indies
Information from a family member:  Philip Cox married Jane Cannon Edwards in England in 1858.  He died in Jamaica in 1865.  He worked for Joseph BRAVO [see above] as an engineer on his estates.
Campbell, Florence (I1735)
Several sources (Eg ) suggest that Herbastus (or Herfast) is her brother born about 0945, and that their father was either Harald I “Baatand (Bluetooth)” Gormsson King of Denmark (about 0910-1 Nov 0987) or is unknown. comments:
There appears to be considerable uncertainty as to the identity of Herbastus, shown here as progenitor of this family. It appears that he probably came from Denmark. Suggestions that he was a son of Harald 'Bluetooth', King of Denmark and Norway, appear to be wholly speculative. However, he must have been in a position of rank or influence given that his daughters married influential people. The daughters shown below [see the web link] are as reported in various web sites (which are inconsistent with each other, not least in respect of their dates) but there is a suspicion that one or two of the women who have been identified as his daughters have been so merely because they were reported to have been "de Crepon" and are of this period. The position is further complicated by the fact that the different daughters are often confused with each other, different sources allocating their husbands differently between them.
de Crepon, Gunnora (I2779)
Ships Rigger of 4 Garford Street and 12 Church Row Limehouse

After his fathers death, he and brother William Henry carried on the business.

For subsequent generations go to

Godfather to Charles John Huffam Dickens, English novelist - see the article at

"The Dickensonian" vol.25 p.66.Mr W.H.Huffam of Norwich writes: It may interest you to know that I possess the original portrait you give of my great grandfather, Christopher Huffam. It was photographed for publication about 30 years ago,whehen I resided in Manchester. It is an oil painting by Sir Thomas Lawrence,and my grandfather, Solomon Huffam, son of Christopher Huffam then living in London, used to tell me with pride that it cost 100 pound to paint and that his father was saiid to be one of the handsomest men in London, and that he was a Gentleman in waiting to King William IV, an honour given him in recognition of his work in connection with the war in France. He fitted out a Privateer at his own expense and she did valuable service. I came into possession of the portrait on the death of my Grandfather together with a quantity of old legal documents referring to property in Limehouse."
Huffam, Christopher (I3665)
Son of Sweyn, Canute became undisputed King of England in 1016, and his rivals (Ethelred's surviving sons and Edmund's son) fled abroad. In 1018, the last Danegeld of 82,500 pounds was paid to Canute. Ruthless but capable, Canute consolidated hihis position by marrying Ethelred's widow Emma (Canute's first English partner - the Church did not recognise her as his wife - was set aside, later appointed regent of Norway). During his reign, Canute also became King of Denmark and Norway; his inheritance and formidable personality combined to make him overlord of a huge northern empire.
During his inevitable absences in Scandinavia, Canute used powerful English and Danish earls to assist in England's government - English law and methods of government remained unchanged.

A second-generation Christian for reasons of politics as well as faith, Canute went on pilgrimage to Rome in 1027-8. (It was allegedly Christian humility which made him reject his courtiers' flattery by demonstrating that even he could not stop the waves; later hostile chroniclers were to claim it showed madness.)

Canute was buried at Winchester. Given that there was no political or governmental unity within his empire, it failed to survive owing to discord between his sons by two different queens - Harold Harefoot (reigned 1035-40) and Harthacnut (reigned 1040-42) - and the factions led by the semi-independent Earls of Northumbria, Mercia and Wessex.

Canute King of England 1016-1035 (I3588)
Succeeded his father as Jarl av Maera. He was known variously as; Thorri the Silent, Thore Tegjande, and as Thorri av Maera and More. He married, as her first husband, Alof Arbot, (The Fecund), daughter of Harold Fairhair, King of Norway and his wife, Snefrida. Secondly, Alof Arbot married Haakon, Jarl of Hlade, by whom she had Sigurd of Hlade, a half-brother to Thorbard and Berglioth. Thorir was a full-brother to Rolf the Ganger (Rollo or Robert I of Normandy) , who conquered Normandy in 912 and also a half-brother of Peat or Torf Einar, Jarl av the Orkneys. Also, he was a full-brother to Hrollager [possibly half brother -RY] who married Emina, and became ancestor of the Bigod family, and of Ivar, who was killed in a raid on the Hebrides. He was also half-brother to Hallad, fourth Earl of the Orkneys, and of Hrollaur, who settled at Eyiaford, Iceland. Thorir was called "Thorri the Silent" by his brothers Peat Einar and Rolf the Ganger, because he did nothing. He rremained silent after his father was murdered. They felt that as Rognvald's successor as Jarl of More and Maera, he should have avenged Rognvald's death. However, in that his wile was Alof Arbot, a daughter of King Harold Fairhair and a sister of his father's murderers, he remained silent and left the avenging of his father's death to his half-brother, Peat Einar.

William J Pye suggests the following descendancy for Thori Jarl of Møre Thori ’The Silent’ Tegjande Rognvaldsson 870 :
Herbert or Thorbert Fitz Thori, (Sieur de la Mare) b. ABT 0899 d ...
Walter Fitz Herbert Sieur de la Mare 950
William Fitz Walter Fitz Herbert Sieur de la Mare 980
Norman Fitz William Fitz Walter Sieur de la Mare 1005
William Fitz Norman Sieur de la Mare 1030
Hugh Fitz William de la Mare de Kilpeck 1056
Thomas ap Hugh de la Mare de Kilpeck of Saddlebow I 1082
Rognvaldsson, Thori Earl of More (Maer) (I3198)
Succeeded Sir Nicholas Bacon as Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal and Lord Chancellor of England. Presided at the trial and sentence of Mary Queen of Scots and never got over the responsibility. Died two months after she was finally executed. Buried in Westminster Abbey - tomb reads (trans from Latin): "When he had for eight years delivered equity with singular integrity and temper of mind, being snatched hastily away to the grief of all good men, was here buried." The monument is of Lydian marble and alabaster. The effigy represents the chancellor in his robes, in front kneel his eight children, at the back is the official purse supported by winged boys, above in the spandrels are the figures of fame and immortality, bearing trumpets.
Bromley, Sir Thomas (I2277)
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001:

Philip IV, king of France (Philip the Fair), 1268–1314, king of France (1285–1314), son and successor of Philip III. The policies of his reign greatly strengthened the French monarchy and increased the royal revenues. Philip asserted his right to tax the clergy for the defense of the realm, thus making permanent a special tax permitted by the popes for support of crusades. Pope Boniface VIII opposed this measure by the bull Clericis laicos (1296), but when threatened with loss of revenues from France he capitulated (1297). The conflict was revived by the arrest and condemnation by the king's court (1301) of Bishop Bernard Saisset. Boniface demanded that Saisset be sent to Rome for trial, issued two bulls denouncing Philip, anand called for a council at Rome in Nov., 1302. Philip, in retaliation, convoked the nobility, clergy, and commons in the first FrenchStates-General (1302–3) to hear a justification of his course of action; and Boniface issued (1302) the bullUnanam sanctam, an extreme statement of his right to intervene in temporal and religious matters. Threatened by excommunication, Philip had Boniface seized at Anagni. Although freed, Boniface soon died (1303). After the brief pontificate of Benedict XI, Philip secured the election as pope of Clement V, who annulled Boniface's bulls, and in 1309 transferred the papal residence to Avignon, thus beginning the "Babylonian captivity" of the papacy. Clement cooperated with Philip in his persecution of the Knights Templars, whose wealth the king appropriated to finance his wars. Other wealthy groups persecuted by Philip were the Jews and the Lombards (Italian bankers). Philip also debased the coinage. Between 1294 and 1296, Philip overerran Guienne, the duchy of King Edward I of England; in 1297 Edward came to the defense of his lands. A truce (1297) became (1303) a permanent peace, conceding Guienne to Edward. After the withdrawal of Edward, Philip turned his attention toward Flanders. He aided the Flemish towns against the count of Flanders, Guy of Dampierre, and after Guy's defeat (1300), he imposed French rule on the Flemish. They rebelled and defeated (1302) the French at the disastrous battle of Courtrai. Although Philip was victorious over the Flemish in 1304, he was forced, in subsequent treaties, to reduce his demands on them. Philip was more successful in his attempts to expand at the expense of the Holy Roman Empire; Lyons and Viviers were incorporated into France during his reign. Philip summoned the States-General twice more (1308, 1314), chiefly to obtain support for his warfare. His son, Louis X, succeeded him.

See study by C. T. Wood (2d ed. 1971).

The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright © 2003 Columbia University Press.
Phillip IV King of France (I2914)
The following is an extract from an email corrrespondence:

Re: Gunnora d'Aunou
• To: [email protected]
• Subject: Re: Gunnora d'Aunou
• From: Robert Helmerichs
• Date: Sat, 19 May 2001 20:21:57 -0500

[email protected] wrote:
The mother of Richard Fitz Gilbert is unknown to the authorities I checked, but plugging the name into a search engine immediately disclosed a raft of probably phony data about her, to wit:

Gunnora d'Aunou (Anjou?) born Abt 0984 Of France
father: *Herbastus (Herfast) de Crepon Prince of Denmark born (estimated 0945)
mother: *Cyrid Queen of Sweden
*Aveline (Wevia) (Duceline) de Crepon born 974 Longueville, Normandy, France; Died: France
*Senfrie (Sainfrie) De Crepon Born: Abt 970 Of,France
*Sibell De Crepon born (estimated 0973)
spouse: *Gilbert "Crispin" Count of Brionne born about 0979 Normandy, France, died 1023 France
*Richard "de Tonbridge" "de Clare" Fitzgilbert
* etc, etc,

Leonard Lipschutz

That's an interesting series of names -- because Gunnor, consort of Richard I of Normandy, had a raft of ill-attested sisters from whom the entire post-conquest Norman nobility later claimed descent, including Sainsfreda, Wevia, and Duvelina; the Giffard/Clare family is supposedly descended from Wevia. The Aunou family is alleged to have derived from another, unnamed sister. For all this, see Elisabeth M. C. van Houts, "Robert of Torigni as Genealogist," in Studies in Medieval Historry Presented to R. Allen Brown, ed. Christopher Harper-Bill, Christopher J. Holdsworth and Janet Nelson (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1990), 215-233, who largely accepts this genealogy, although it is quite controversial (some historians believe that the nobles invented these "sisters of Gunnor" to tie themselves to the ducal family).

It sounds like somebody was looking at Gunnor's alleged genealogy and conflated it with her sister's purported posterity.


Robert Helmerichs:
The Haskins Society:
Norman Bibliography: [inactive]
The Planctus for William Longsword:
d' Aunou, Gunnora (I3548)
259 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Lawler, Dr M. (I1271)
The Knights visitation of Kent 1663-8 was made to extend and continue the Vis of 1619. Each branch thus extended was signed by the head of that branch. The pedigree in the 1663 vis was signed by Henry. He is recorded as the son of Solomon and MMary, and his children are given as Solomon, John, Richard, Charles and Elizabeth. He is mentioned in the will of his brother Richard. The will was proved at Canterbury 16 Jun 1662. He gives as "my brothers Solomon and Henry and my sister Wife of Thomas Harvey." He is mentioned in the will of Ann Spinster, daughter of Richard and Elizabeth, thus, "My nephew Henry". He is mentioned in the will of his brother Solomon who purchased Barton Court thus. " Solomon Hougham, eldest son of my brother Henry Hougham, deceased " and " Charles, son of my brother Henry Hougham, deceased"
A Forgotten Past has Henry married to Margaret Owere. The marriage date as given by Marian Pratt would have made Henry eleven at the time. Also, Henry records himself in the college of Arms as Husband of Elizabeth Naylor

KGR has a second marriage to a Margaret Owere in 1643, with a note "also known as Elizabeth", and listing the 5 children as hers. According to RY the Henry who married Margaret Owere is a different Henry (parents unknown), the date of marriage is 26 Sep 1643 in Preston (St Mildred's) and they had one child, Henry.
Hougham, Henry (I2163)
There is a Mary Royes at Mary St, Bundaberg, home duties, on the 1930 electoral roll, when she would have to be a mimimum of 21 years of age (born before 1910).
Mary Agnes Royes (1890-1970) is in Bundaberg in 1913. She married Thomas Rogers on 6 May 1913 in Bundaberg and would presumably have gone under the name Rogers after that date. Note also that the second child is born in Lismore in approx. 1916. We don't know where the other two were born. She married a Mr Ross at some point after about 1920. In other words, we would have expected her to be either Rogers or Ross in the 1930 roll. Of course, Royes could be a married name but I cannot identify any wife named Mary Agnes who would be on the 1930 Roll - in Bundaberg or anywhere else.
Royes, Mary Agnes (I996)
These notes from Robin Young:

Constable of Dover Castle 1226 Confirmed by plaque in Dover Castle??Confirmed the grants of land in Northeye which his mother had made to Edmund son of William Goding. Geoffrey and Simon witnessed this grant of their brother William.??Claimed thhe manor of Averanches against Hugh Bigot Earl of Norfolk 1224??Constable of Dover Castle Lord Warden of the Cinque ports??Defended Rochester Castle against King John 1202, was taken prisoner and held until 1221??William de Auberville, senior, oon his foundation of the priory of West Langdon, in 1192, gave to it this church of St. Mary of Ledene, in pure and perpetual alms, which was confirmed by Simon de Albrincis, (fn. 1) and by Sir Simon de Cryoll, great-grandson of the former. After which, archbishop Walter granted licence for the canons of the priory to serve in it themselves, which prevented a vicarage being endowed in it; and the prior and canons thenceforward appropriated the whole profits of this church to themselveses. In which state it continued till the dissolution of the priory, which happened anno 27 Henry VIII. when it was suppressed, as not having annual revenues of the amount of the clear value of two hundred pounds, and was given, with all its landnds and possessions, to the king, who in his 29th year, granted it, among other possessions of the priory, in exchange to the archbishop. In which state it continues at this time, his grace the archbishop being now entitled to the rectory of this church, with the manor of Liddon appurtenant to it.??From: 'Parishes: Liddon', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 8 (1799), pp. 127-132. URL: Date accessed: 05 December 2007.??Is the Simon his father or a son???THE MANOR OF CAPELL, called likewise the manor of St. Mary le Merge, was antiently part of the possessions of Nigell de Muneville, whose descendant William de Muneville leaving an only daughter and heir, she carried it in marriage to William de Albrincis, or Averenches, whose son, of the sams name, leaving likewise an only daughter and heir Matilda, she entitled her husband Hamo de Crevequer to it. He left ffour daughters, of whom Elene, married to Bertram de Crioll, on the partition of their inheritance, entitled her husband to this manor, and he died possessed of it in the 23d year of Edward I. leaving two sons John and Bertram, who both died s.p. and a daughter Joane, who upon the death of the latter became his heir, and carried this manor, among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, whose eldest daughter and coheir Agnes entitled her husband Thomas de Poynings to the possession of it; in whose descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, of Westenhanger, (fn. 1) governor of Dover castle and lord warden, who in the 12th year of king Henry the's reign gave it in marriage with Mary, one of his natural daughters, to Thomas Fynes, lord Clinton and Saye, to whom this manor was confirmed in the 30th year of it. His son Edward, lord Clinton and Saye, in the reign of queen Mary, passed it away by sale to Mr. Henry Herdson; after which it continued in like manner as Folkestone, and his other estates in this neighbourhood, till the death of Sir Basill Dixwell, bart. of Brome, about the latter end of king Charles II.'s reign; soon after which Oliver Wright and others, under the direction of the court of chancery, in 1691, conveyed it to William Young, who pulled down the antient mansion of this manor, and built the present court-lodge of it. At his death he devised it to his son Nicholas young, who died unmarriried; upon which it came to his sister Elizabeth, who had married first Henry Hughes, esq. by whom she had a daughter, married to the Rev. John Minet, of Eythorne; and 2dly, Wm. Veal, esq. of Dover; and on her death, by the entail of her father's will, it came to her son by her second husband, Young Veal, who by recovery in 1744, barred the future remainders. After his death it was sold in 1753, under a decree of chancery, to William Minet, esq. of London, who died possessed of it in 1767, and by will devised this manor, with Church and Capell-sole farms, and other lands belonging to it, to his nephew Hughes Minet, esq. of London, who is now the owner of them. (fn. 2) This manor is subject to a castle-guard rent to Dover castle.??From: 'Parishes: Capell', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 8 (1799), pp. 142-147. URL: Date accessed: 05 December 2007.
d' Avranches, William (I2994)
These notes from Robin Young:

Hasted suggests that Matilda is the daughter of the William who is recorded in this tree as her brother??It appears by the inquisitions returned into the exchequer in the 13th and 14th years of king John, of the knights fees and other services h held in capite, that this place was then in the possession of the family of Albrincis, (fn. 1) one of whom, William de Albrincis, or Averenches, dying s. p. Maud, his sister, at length became her brother's heir, and entitled her husband, Hamo de Crevequer, to the possession of it. He died in the 47th year of king Henry the IIId.'s reign, before which however, this manor seems to have passed in marriage with one of his daughters, Elene, to Bertram de Criol.??From: 'Parishes: Horsemonden', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 311-22.??IGHTHAM was held in the reign of king Henry III. by Hamo de Crevequer, who died possessed of it in the 47th year of that reign, anno 1262, leaving Robert, his grandson, his heir. By his wife, Maud de Albrincis, or Averenches, he had also four daughters, Agnes, wife of John de Sandwich, Isolda, of Nicholas de Lenham; Elene, of Bertram de Criol; and Isabel, of Henry de Gaunt.??From: 'Parishes: IIghtham', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 5 (1798), pp. 33-45.??Bertram de Criol, lord of Oftenhanger, and constable of Dover-castle, from the 17th to the 22d, and so on till the end of the first half of the 23d year of it, whose grandson was usually stiled the Great Lord of Kent, on account of the great possessions in this county, which accrued to him in right of his wife. Alianore, one of the daughters, and at length coheir of Hamon de Crevequer, lolord of Leeds castle, and of Maud his wife, daughter and heir of William de Averenches, lord of Folkestone.??From: 'General history: Sheriffs of Kent', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1 (1797), pp. 177-213. URLL: Date accessed: 30 November 2007.??THE MANOR OF CAPELL, called likewise the manor of St. Mary le Merge, was antiently part of the possessions of Nigell de Muneville, whose descendant William de Muneville leaving an only daughter and heir, she carried it in marriage to William de Albrincis, or Averenches, whose son, of the sams name, leaving likewise an only daughter and heir Matilda, she entitled her husbaand Hamo de Crevequer to it. He left four daughters, of whom Elene, married to Bertram de Crioll, on the partition of their inheritance, entitled her husband to this manor, and he died possessed of it in the 23d year of Edward I. leaving two sons John and Bertram, who both died s.p. and a daughter Joane, who upon the death of the latter became his heir, and carried this manor, among the rest of her inheritance, in marriage to Sir Richard de Rokesle, whose eldest daughter and coheir Agnes entitled her husband Thomas de Poynings to the possession of it; in whose descendants it continued down to Sir Edward Poynings, of Westenhanger, (fn. 1) governor of Dover castle and lord warden, who in the 12th year of king Henry the's reign gave it in marriage with Mary, one of his natural daughters, to Thomas Fynes, lord Clinton and Saye, to whom this manor was confirmed in the 30th year of it. His son Edward, lord Clinton and Saye, in the reign of queen Mary, passed it away by sale to Mr. Henry Herdson; after which it continued in like manner as Folkestone, and his other estates in this neighbourhood, till the death of Sir Basill Dixwell, bart. of Brome, about the latter end of king Charles II.'s reign; soon aftter which Oliver Wright and others, under the direction of the court of chancery, in 1691, conveyed it to William Young, who pulled down the antient mansion of this manor, and built the present court-lodge of it. At his death he devised it to hiis son Nicholas young, who died unmarried; upon which it came to his sister Elizabeth, who had married first Henry Hughes, esq. by whom she had a daughter, married to the Rev. John Minet, of Eythorne; and 2dly, Wm. Veal, esq. of Dover; and on heher death, by the entail of her father's will, it came to her son by her second husband, Young Veal, who by recovery in 1744, barred the future remainders. After his death it was sold in 1753, under a decree of chancery, to William Minet, esq. of London, who died possessed of it in 1767, and by will devised this manor, with Church and Capell-sole farms, and other lands belonging to it, to his nephew Hughes Minet, esq. of London, who is now the owner of them. (fn. 2) This manor is subject to a castle-guard rent to Dover castle.??From: 'Parishes: Capell', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 8 (1799), pp. 142-147. URL: Date accessed: 05 December 2007.
d' Avranches, Matilda Maud (I3002)
This entry in the church baptismal register is dated 30 May 1798 and reads: "Solomon Hougham _ Son of Solomon and Ann Hannah Royes received into [the] Church _ baptized September 21 1797 Little Ormond Street".
Comment: Today there are a number of hospitals in Great Ormond Street so it is feasible that Solomon was baptized in a hospital (or at home) in Little Ormond Street, perhaps because it was feared he might not live. Was the baptism not recorded when it should have and so an entry made eight months later in the parish register?
Royes, Solomon Hougham (I3227)
This tribute was offered by son Mark at his funeral:

Paul was one of life’s great characters …?Even when I was a young age growing up this was something that became very apparent.  Paul had his own unusual habits, like for instance the post. Paul always reckoned that everything that was posted i in the letterbox was bad new and he was probably right!?The routine in our house was, as soon as Paul would see that the post arrived he would gather it up and put it all up on a high shelf in the kitchen.  I think the idea was that once a montth he would sit down and go thought it all … but I don’t think this ever happened!?As a child life was full of surprises …?It was not unusual to wake up and find yourself sharing the breakfast table with a homeless person that Paul would have met on his way back from a late night poker session and had invited him home for breakfast.  It used to make for some interesting conversation at the breakfast table.?Good food was a great love of Paul’s?I think he felt it was a way of bringing people together. I know that many of my own friends would have got to experience culinary delights like Paul’s roast stuffed pork steak on Christmas Eve.
When I was younger, I can remember that when cooking, to keep his hair out of his eyes, Paul would sometimes put a hankie on his head and tie the four corners in a knot.  I can remember to my embarrassment as an 11 or 12 year old walking home from school and one of my friends saying…… “there’s your Dad in the car at the traffic lights”  And looking over seeing my Dad, hankie tied on head, knot in each corner, window open and Paul reciting poetry out loud!  ?I did what any sensible 12 year old would do and promptly denied that that was my FATHER!?Fantastic people person ?He had a vibrancy about him and always got on very well with young people. He always seemed to have a way of reaching out and relating to them.  And I know that many of my friends became very friendly with Paul.?Paul was not a material person ?Clothes, money and those kind of things were unimportant to him, often to my mothers distress.  Growing up he would always be happy to give you the last few quid in his pocket to go out and enjoy yourself.  What he did care about was … People, Family and Friends.  These were the important things to him.  ?Loved the craic?The characters in life and often lamented about where had all the eccentric people gone!?Paul loved Learning …?History, Philosophy, Anthropology, Archaeology – he found them all fascinating.?Great conversationalist?He loved imparting knowledge (sometimes, it was true to say, you couldn’t get away from him!)?If friends who arrived around didn’t know exactly what question to ask to get the conversation going, this was not a problem, Paul was happy to both ask and answer the question!?Paul could be a difficult man ?And my Mum always had endless patience with him.?He loved the outdoors?Paul always loved everything to do with the outdoors and nature and one of my great memories of him on one of those beautiful summers we had about 10 years ago.  Paul took to walking out to Tramore every day.  He cut an usual ssight with the locals on that road every day, long grey hair, stripped off to the waist wearing nothing but a pair of shorts, bawneen socks and leather shoes!  I’m amazed he wasn’t arrested.?He hated ceremony?In fact he told my Mum not to lay him out in a suit as no one would recognise him!?He was a great family man ?He loved his wife, children and grandchildren beyond words. ?Never lost his spirit of adventure?When Paul was first diagnosed with prostate cancer about 8 years ago he came to Dublin to get treatment. He stayed with me for some of that time and he used to love when we’d take the scooter out of the garage and the two of us would head off on it to go our for dinner.  He probably did look funny sight, 68 years of agge heading off on the back of the scooter through Dublin!?He had a great sense of humour and he loved a laugh?And he kept this with him right up to the very end.  While he was in hospital Paul got MRSA and he had to be moved to a private room. H He had a very big electric bed which took up most of the room.  While he was there a visitor arrived and said “Oh Paul, that’s pretty cool you’re in a private room … not bad!”  Paul looked around and said “Yeah not bad for a COFFIN!”?Paul alwayys had a word of advice for everyone?When our babysitter Kate, was having a long distance row with her boyfriend over the phone, he advised her to simply hang up the phone and that would teach him a lesson.  Paul explained that as soon as he camme to his senses he’d call back.  … THERE WAS MUCH TEARS WHEN HE DIDN’T CALL BACK.  But despite Paul’s advice they still managed to make up.?Ours was always an open house?When we were growing up, and we’d arrive back with friends after a night oon the town, they would often be amazed find my Dad up in the early hours of the morning, preparing an elaborate meal for the following evening.  Good whiskey and conversation were always available for anyone who arrived in the late hours and who could last the pace!?Sometimes the peoples’ champion?When someone decided to rob our local vegetable shop, they didn’t reckon on Paul being in the queue.  As the thief leapt back out over the counter, money in hand, Paul lashed out with whatever was in his hand, which unlucky for the thief, happened to be a bag of large cooking apples, BRINGING THE THIEF PROMPTLY TO THE FLOOR.?Paul was always willing to go one step further to help?He worked with the local association for blind people, taking blind people to classes and on excursions.  He was always willing to go a little further to help.  On one occasion, when one lady broke her stick, Paul insisted that the local hardware store stay open and fix it on the spot for her. ?Paaul never paid much attention to how he dressed ?And this sometimes caused confusion. In fact one evening he was cleaning up in our travel agency at the end of the day.  He saw a lady at the front door who was crying while she was waiting for thhe bus.  She looked upset and when he asked her what was wrong, she said was upset because it was her friend’s birthday and she could not go out to join them as her social welfare money had not come through.  Paul gave her €50 (never expecting to see it again).?The lady arrived into the Travel Agency a few days later and handed my Mum €50.  Saying “please thank Paul, the cleaner, for loaning me the money!”?The evening before Paul passed away …?… some of my family and I were with him and although he was not conscious, we told him that he would soon be in a better place, with some friends and family who had gone before him. And he’d probably be there having a fine whiskey and a lively discussion with some of the philosophers, characters and eccentrics that he always loved so much.
Cassin, Paul (I141)
Thomas had been transported in 1828 on the ‘Phoenix’ for his crimes. From records which included his Certificate of Freedom in 1834, he was convicted of Highway Robbery at the Lincoln Assizes 28 July 1827. His description was 5 feet 5 inches tall with dark ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, and light hazel eyes. We know these facts because the authorities of the time needed full description of any felons who absconded.
Thomas Crossley was tried on July 28 1827 in Lincoln, England Convict record : AO NSW Ref-4/4013 page 9 COD Reel 398 Thomas Crossley aged 23 can read, protestant, batchelor, navigator and labourer. Tried for Highway Robbery at Lincoln, 7 years, 2nd offence. 5' 3/4", ruddy complexion, dark brown hair, light hazel eyes, scar of cut at right corner of mouth, scar on left forehead, toes next to the great and little ones of both feet are crooked. Disposed of to Thomas Johnson at Portland Head. Received T of L 32/1281, dated 31 Dec 1832. Thomas was allowed to remain in the district of Windsor, NSW. Thomas arr per PHOENIX (3) sailed from Spithead 7 March 1828, arrived SYDNEY 14 July 1828. State Records Ticket of Leave... Crossley/Thomas/34/1242/3 Oct 1834/Phoenix/1828/4/4324/Film 993/TL32/1281 Bench Making Recommendation..June 30 1832 NB. A James Crossley aged 27 years, from Manchester was also listed on the Phoenix indent
Marriage : With the consent of Ann's parents and Governor. The witnesses to the marriage of Thomas Crossley and Ann Baily were Christopher Monks of MacDonald River and James Adams of Nelsons Reach. Both Thomas and Ann signed with an X. They were married by Edgifford Pryce, the Chaplain of the Church of England. The marriage was solemnized in the Parish of the Lower Hawkesbury, No 416, Vol. 24 B. Sources : Title: Registry BDM - index Repository Call number Media : Electronic Page : Ref V1840416 24B/1840
Thomas' death certificate states his mother was Hannah. This does not seem the case unless Mary Bandy had a second name
Marriage : With the consent of Ann's parents and Governor.
Convict banns were posted for the marriage of Thomas Crossley and Ann Bailey
Thomas also used Henry as a first name
The burial date on the graves is different than the death date here (29/12/1874 aged 74.8)
Crossley, Thomas (I5315)
Thomas Moody was born in Omagh, Tyrone, in Northern Ireland in 1861. He came to Queensland in 1877, aged 16. In 1883 he married his wife, Mary, in Townsville. The children of the marriage were Mary Jane, Barbara, Thomas, William, George, Sam and Bert.
Thomas was killed (fractured skull) in a fall from a horse whilst taking part in a race near Herberton.
The Moody homestead was the first home constructed over Granite Creek in Mareeba and was situated on the southern side of what is now known as Starcke Street and faced Granite Creek. Today a street named Moody Street is in the vicinity. There waas a well beside the house for drinking water with a large mango tree covered with bougainvillea near it. The family owned land situated at the back of the current golf course extending across One, Two, Three and Four Mile Creeks which feed intto the Mitchell River. They had stockyards and ran cattle. With horse teams they carted timber from the Atherton Tableland to the sawmill in Mareeba. The sawmill, owned by the Jamieson family, was situated on the northern side of Keeble Street where QRX (Queensland Rail) now has a rail siding.
During the time Tom Moody snr was a teamster, a timber worker accidentally cut himself with an axe and, due to his workmates having little knowledge of first aid, bled to death. As a result of the incident Tom pressed the timber workers and locals to learn the rudiments of first aid and, as an incentive to learn, donated the timber for an ambulance building at Atherton. A plaque to his memory is embedded in the cement wall of the Atherton Ambulance building.
Descendants of this family, third, fourth, fifth and sixth generations still living in Mareeba are too numerous to mention individually. They include some members of the Moody, Jones, Moore, Trimble, MeFarlane, Pollard, Cetinich, Gear, Brady, Malcolm, Vohland and Martin families.
- SOURCE Book- 'Street Names of Mareeba' by M Thompson & L Townsend of St Thomas' Church Mareeba
Moody, Thomas Stewart (I694)
Torf Peat Einar was the father of Thorfinn I, known as Skulicleiffer, "Skull Cleaver", and grandfather of Thorold, Sieur de Pont Audemer, who married Wewa, daughter of Harold VIII Blatan d, first christian king of Denmark, and his wife, Cyrid (Cynthia), Queen of Sweden.
Thobard, Fitz Thori: Also known as Thorbert, Thoribert, or Herbert, the Northman av Maera. As a youn g, boy, he was the steersman in the fleet of his uncle, Rolf the Ganger, when they took ove r Normandy from King Charles the Simple in 912. Thorbard was a brother of Berglioth, who marr ied Grjotgard. Berglioth and Grjotgard were parents of Haakon, father of Sigurd, who was th e father of Jarl Haakon, Sigurdso the Great, who ruled Norway from 970 to 995.
Thorbard was g iven, by his Uncle Rolf, the Grand Fief of Maera in Normandy, named for their village in Norway, a name which the French of the area soon converted to La Mare, or La Grande Mare. It still exists near St. Opportune and is next to Pont Audemare, which was assigned by Rolf to Thorbard's cousin, Thorold, who was ancestor to the Beaumonts and the Newburgs. In Norway and in N ormandy, Maera was often written "Mara".
894 - Turf-Einar, son of Rognwald and half brother of Rollo, becomes earl of Orkney. When Earl Ragnvald in More heard of the death of his brother Earl Sigurd, and that the vikings were in possession of the country, he sent his son Hallad westward, who took the title of earl to begin with, and had many men-at-arms with him. When he arrived at the Orkney Islands, he established himself in the country; but both in harvest, winter, and spring, the vikings cruised about the isles plundering the headlands, and committing depredations on the coast. Then Earl Hallad grew tired of the business, resigned his earldom, took up again his rights as an allodial owner, and afterwards returned eastward into Norway.
When Earl Ragnvald heard of this he was ill pleased with Hallad, and said his sons were very unlike their ancestors. Then said Einar, "I have enjoyed but little honour among you, and have little affection here to lose: now if you will give me force enough, I will go west to the islands, and promise you what at any rate will please you -- that you shall never see me again." Earl Ragnvald replied, that he would be glad if he never came back; "For there is little hope," said he, "that thou will ever be an honour to thy friends, as all thy kin on thy mother's side are born slaves."
Earl Ragnvald gave Einar a vessel completely equipped, and he sailed with it into the West sea in harvest. When he came to the Orkney Isles, two vikings, Thorer Treskeg and Kalf Skurfa, were in his way with two vessels. He attacked them instantly, gained the battle, and slew the two vikings. Then this was sung: -- "Then gave he Treskeg to the trolls, Torfeinar slew Skurfa." He was called Torfeinar, because he cut peat for fuel, there being no firewood, as in Orkney there are no woods. He afterwards was earl over the islands, and was a mighty man. He was ugly, and blind of an eye, yet very sharp-sighted withal.
Rognvaldsson, Turf-Einer Earl of Orkney (I3203)
Turner is his birth name but he is known by his step-father's name Bravo. His second name is spelt many different ways but the most reliable appears to be Delauney.

Charles Bravo died of poisoning (by antimony, similar to arsenic in its effects). The incident caused a sensation at the time and is still the subject of documentaries and books.
Several proposals were that Charles was murdered by
(1) his wife Florence perhaps with collusion by a companion Mrs Cox;
(2) Mrs Jane Cannon Cox (formerly Edwards - married in England in 1858) had lived in St Anns, Jamaica - her husband Philip Cox worked for Joseph Bravo as an engineer on his estates;
(3) a dismissed footman;
(4) Florence's Jamaican-born ex-lover Dr James Gully (
It was also proposed that Charles had taken the poison himself accidentally or intentionally, though suicide was thought unlikely. Even if he did not commit the murder, it is thought he may have obtained the antimony.
And another possibility is that Charles was using the poison for secretly treating Florence for alcohol abuse (she had been ill the previous 10 or so days) but accidentally took the poison himself - it looked similar to his Epsom salts!
No one was charged with his murder.
The inquests (two) caused a sensation because of the revelations about Florence's affair with Dr Gully, which mortified her. Florence died broken, perhaps alcohol related, two years later in Southsea aged 33.
Charles's mother stayed bed-ridden and inconsolable, and died the year following the murder.
Charles had a relationship with a woman at Maidenhead for four years prior to his marriage. She had a son by a previous relationship and a daughter by Charles.

Yseult Bridges in How Charles Bravo Died (1956: Jarrolds, London)
James Ruddick Death at the Priory (new ed 2002: Atlantic Books, )

Web links:
MurderUK: Florence Bravo
Bravo for Maybrick
Charles Bravo
The Poisoning of Charles Bravo
A Most Mysterious Murder
Turner Bravo, Charles Delauney (I1730)
Viscount of Devonshire, heriditary Sheriff of Devonshsire, Castalan of Exeter

Was adopted by his uncle Richard de Brion/Redvers and inherited the Barony of Okehampton of his half brother Ralph Avenell

When King William I (the Conqueror) had conquered England, he gave to those men who came over with him great estates and among them was Baldwin de Brionis (so named from a place in Normandy) who was given many estates and the Barony of Okehampton. Baldwin was the second son of Gilbert de Crispin, Count of Brioniis, son of Godfrey, Count d' Eu, natural son of Richard, the first of that name, Duke of Normandy. Richard was the greatgrandfather of William the Conqueror.

Baldwin married Albreda, niece of the Conqueror. Because he was so close in kin to the Conqueror he was given, in addition to the Barony of Okehampton, the Castle of Exeter, and the Custody of the whole county of Devon. They had issue: Richard, Adela and Emma.

Adela was married to "a Kentish Knight", Emma married first, William Avenel, by whom she had issue Ralph, and second to William de Abrincis, by whom she had Robert. Robert de Abrincis was dearly loved by Richard de Brionis, who treated him as his heir but Robert married a daughter of Godwin Dole and departed "out of England" beyond the seas. They had a daughter named Matilda who was married to the Lord of Aincourt.

Baldwin was succeeded by his son Richard, a stout soldier in his young years but very devout in his later years and left no heirs.

His whole estates and honors went to his sister Adela (or Adelicia). Ralph Avenel (son of her sister Emma) was heir to these estates but he refused to marry the daughter of of Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, and instead he married a daughter of RichRichard de Redvers, Earl of Devonshire. Reginald was so infuriated he sent for Robert de Abrincis' daughter Matilda (from beyond the seas). King Henry II , on the advice of Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, gave her to Robert, natural son to King Henry I and brother of Reginald. They had daughters Hawise and Matilda, who became the heirs of de Brionis estates, (other sources say they were halfsisters) who married Reginald de Courtenay and his son (or brother?) William de Courtenay.

Reginald de Courtenay and Hawise were benefactors of the Abbey of Ford and were buried there. This Robert husband of Matilda, who was one of at least 13 natural sons of King Henry I, was the son of Edith, sister to Ive, son of Forme, son of Segewold, who were great barons of the north. She named him Robert FitzEde and he became Earl Marshal of England and,in right of his wife, Baron of Okehampton from whom Hawise inherited the estates.Robert FitzEde died in 1172 and Matilda died in 1173 he was buried in Osney Abbey.

SOURCE NOTES for Hawise follow:
She was the eldest daughter (or granddaughter? she seems to be a daughter of Robert FitzEde and another source The Complete Peerage says she was the daughter of William Curcy dead by 1162 and his wife Maud d' Avranches and a granddaughter of Robert d' Avranches ) of Robert d'Abrincis(or Avranches), Baron of Oakhampton.
d' Avranches, Robert Viscount of Devonshire (I2673)
Was sent out with a ship load of men by Queen Victoria to establish a whaling station on the Auckland Islands. Conditions were so severe that they finally gave up. All except two families (the Cook's and the Bromley's) returned to England. They settled in New Zealand. The Bromleys moved to Porirua Ferry and there the rest of the children were born.

Paul Dingwall
An archaeological reconstruction of the 1849-52 Enderby Settlement at Port Ross.
Abstract: The so-called Enderby Settlement, established on the shores of Port Ross at the AucklandIslands in the period 1849 to 1852, was one of the most remote and short-lived of all British colonies. The brainchild of the English entrepreneur Charles Enderby, its resident Lieutenant-Governor, the colony was intended as a whaling station and agricultural base for provisioning ships in the region. When whaling failed and farming proved fruitless, the intended town of Hardwicke was never established and the settlement was abandoned, with all but one of about 30 buildings dismantled and removed. This paper presents the results of a 2003 archaeological survey of the site, which along with contemporary diaries and illustrations, has enabled the layout of the settlement to be reliably re-constructed for the first time. The locations of two outlying farmhouses, on AucklandIsland and EnderbyIsland, were also investigated and mapped. The survey demonstrates various archaeological techniques used for revealing a disappeared settlement where there are few material remains, and unaided by sub-surface excavations.

Read more about the Auckland Islands and the Enderby Settlement at and
Bromley, James Hindsley (I2283)
was transported on the “William and Mary’ on 28 August, 1791.
The ship ‘William and Mary’ was 370 tons and built of Kings Yards in 1759.
On 27 March, 1791 with 188 male Convicts, ‘William and Mary’ left England for the Colony. Although it was an old ship, she traveled the distance from England to New South Wales in 154 days, losing 7 dead on that voyage.
She arrived at Port Jackson on 28 August 1791 after sailing non-stop from Rio de Janiero (Ref. “The Third Fleet Convicts” R.J.Ryan)
James Bradley was convicted at Maidstone, Kent 15 July,1790 and sentenced to 7 years imprisonment. After he obtained his Ticket of Leave, he was granted 30 acres in the district of Mulgrave Place, on 10 May 1803. This carried a rent of two (2) shillings after he had worked his acreage for five years and started making a profit. The Pioneer Register of 1828 noted that he had died in England but recorded no actual date.
Bradley, James (I1870)
Well-trained by Alfred, his son Edward 'the Elder' (reigned 899-924) was a bold soldier who defeated the Danes in Northumbria at Tettenhall in 910 and was acknowledged by the Viking kingdom of York. The kings of Strathclyde and the Scots submitted to Edward in 921. By military success and patient planning, Edward spread English influence and control. Much of this was due to his alliance with his formidable sister Aethelflaed, who was married to the ruler of Mercia and seems to have governed that kingdom after her husband's death.
Edward was able to establish an administration for the kingdom of England, whilst obtaining the allegiance of Danes, Scots and Britons. Edward died in 924, and he was buried in the New Minster which he had had completed at Winchester. Edward was twice married, but it is possible that his eldest son Athelstan was the son of a mistress.
He was married three times and had about 18 children.
Edward the Elder King of Wessex 899-924 (I2710)
When Nicholas Michael Bogiatzis went to Townsville from the Northern Territory in 1918, he decided to try to make a living out of the dyeing trade his father had followed in Castellorizo. Bogiatzis had come to Australia in 1918 with his wife Elenie, and worked for a few months with many of his fellow islanders on the construction of the meatworks in Darwin, and the railway from Darwin to Katherine. In Townsville, he rented a small shop in Flinders Street, and started his business, dyeing suits in different colours, and dyeing curtains and materials for shops.
Meeting with early success, Nicholas decided to expand, and within a few years he had added a steam laundry and a dry laundry laundry to his business. Throughout the 1920s, the business was worked by Nicholas and Elenie, while the family lived iin rooms at the back of the shop. In those days, conditions were trying. They were offering their customers a twenty-four hour service - that is, the clothes brought to the shop in the morning had to be ready in the afternoon; and clothes brought later in the day had to be ready next morning. To give that service, they worked from 6 a.m. until midnight.
In the early days, the cost of laundering was low: sheets tuppence [two pennies] each, pillow cases a penny, shirts sixpence, stiff shirts a shilling, collars tuppence, and trousers one shilling and six pence. To improve his income, Nicholas began to do millinery work, cleaning and repairing hats. In about 1927, he brought out his brother George. Staying with Nicholas until he learnt the trade, George then started a laundry of his own in Flinders Street. After a few years in the originnal shop, Nicholas shifted the business to another site in Flinders Street, at first taking a lease of the premises and later buying the freehold. At the same time, he continued to expand the business, introducing steam presses, washing machines, steam boilers and machines for cleaning stiff collars.
- From Denis Conimos, The Greeks in Queensland

Elenie and the four children spent 1926-1932 in Brisbane, the children attending Greek school there. They returned to Townsville.
The Bogiatzis brothers Mick and Con eventually got into successful fruit and vegetables shops.
Bogiatzis, Nicholas Michael (I490)
Widower, aged 66, 1851 census

I have assumed that all the children were born in Larne based on Census returns regarding place of residence though note that the marriage took place in Dunaghy

Here is a snapshot of Dunaghy in Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837:
DUNAGHY, a parish, in the barony of KILCONWAY, county of ANTRIM, and province of ULSTER, 6 miles (N.W. by N.) from Broughshane; containing 3451 inhabitants.
It comprises, according to the Ordnance survey, 13,743 1/4 statute acres, of which 12,040 are applotted under the tithe act; about one-sixth is irreclaimable mountain and bog, one-fourth rough mountain pasture, a twelfth pasture of a better quality, and one half, arable land. Towards the east the hills attain a mountainous elevation; the highest are those of Money duff and Ballyboggy. A great portion of the summits of the hills towards the north is unprofitable; but nearer their base they afford good pasture to young cattle during the summer. Along the banks of the Ravel and Altakeerag are considerable tracts or low meadow land, subject to floods from the former river which pours down with great rapidity. The females are employed in spinning, and the males, in addition to their agricultural pursuits, in weaving coarse linens and calico.
The living is a rectory, in the diocese of Connor, and in the patronage of the Bishop. the tithes amount to £311. 18sh. 7 1/4d. The glebe-house was built by aid of a gift of £350 and a loan of £450 from the late Board of First Fruits in 1816; the glebe comprises 25 acres. The church, a small edifice with an open belfry turret, occupies an elevated site.
In the R. C. divisions the parish is the head of a union or district called Glenravel, and comprises Dunaghy and Skerry, in each of which is a chapel; the chapel for this parish, a neat edifice, is at Glenravel, near the bridge over the Ravel.
There is a place of worship in the village of Clough for Presbyterians in connection with the Synod of Ulster, of the first class.
There are two public schools, in which are about 260 children, and three Sunday schools.
There are several Danish forts, of which the most remarkable are, one on the hill of Dungonnell, two on Dunbought, and one nearly effaced on Carnbeg, in levelling which were found an urn, a small statue, a cross, and some silver coins. There are many sepulchral monuments in the churchyard, among which those of the Crawford and Hamilton families are the most remarkable. Corby Rock is a bold precipice forming the termination of a hill; it is covered with ivy and washed at its base by the Ravel.

And Larne:
Larne or Olderfleet
description from Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837
LARNE, a sea port, market and post-town, and a parish, in the barony of UPPER GLENARM, county of ANTRIM, and province of ULSTER, 11 miles (N.) from Carrickfergus, and 97 (N. by E.) from Dublin city, on the road from Belfast city to Ballycastle; containing 3182 inhabitants, of which number, 2616 are in the town.
This place is situated on the shore of Lough Larne, which was formerly called Olderfleet, and gave name to a castle built on the extreme point of the promontory of Curraan, which forms the small bay adjacent to the town. This fortress, under the protection of which the town arose, is supposed to have been erected by a Scottish family named Bisset, to whom a settlement on this part of the coast was granted by Hen. III., and to have been subsequently improved by the English. Edward Bruce landed here in 1315 with an army of 6000 men for the conquest of Ireland; and during the same reign, Hugh Bisset forfeited his lands here by taking part in the rebellion. These were subsequently claimed in right of the same family, by James MMac Donnell, Lord of Canture, and after his death were granted by Queen Elizabeth during her pleasure, to his son Angus, on condition that he should carry arms only under the King of England, and pay annually a certain number of hawks and cattle. Olderfleet castle was at that time considered so important a defence against the Scots that, in 1569, it was entrusted to Sir Moyses Hill, but was dismantled in 1598. Jas. I., in 1603, granted the entire headland to Sir Randal Mac Donnell, surnamed Sorley Boy; but in 1612 gave the castle and lands to Sir Arthur Chichester together with the right of ferry between this place and Island Magee. During the disturbances of 1798 the town was attacked by the insurgent army from Ballymena, but the assailants were repulsed by the Tay fencibles, assisted by the yeomanry and inhabitants.
The town is beautifully situated on the shore of Lough Larne, on the eastern coast and is divided into the old and new towns, containing together 482 houses, most of which are well built and of very neat appearance; the street in the old town are narrow and indifferently paved; the new town consists of one long and regular street, in which the houses are of stone and handsomely built. There are two public libraries, supported by subscription, both containing good collections. During thhe last century a very extensive trade was carried on in salt, of which large quantities prepared here from rock salt imported from Liverpool were sent from this port to Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Russia, and Prussia; the duties paid thereon on the average amounted to £18,000 per annum. About the middle of the last century this was the only port in the North of Ireland from which emigrant vessels sailed. The present trade consists chiefly in the exportation of oats, beans, flour, and, occcasionally, black cattle and a very considerable quantity of lime; and the importation of coal, slates, wheat, and North American timber. The number of vessels that entered inwards during the year ending Jan. 5th, 1835, was 340, of the aggregate burden of 13,517 tons, and of which 298 were from British ports and 42 employed in the coasting trade; and during the same year, 113 vessels of the aggregate burden of 4329 tons, cleared out from this port, of which 64 were bound to British ports, and 49 were coasters. The port, which is a member of that of Belfast, has an excellent harbour for small vessels, for which there is a good anchorage between the Curraan, and the peninsula of Island Magee, in 2 or 2? fathoms, quite land-locked; great numbers of vessels from Scotland anchor off this place, while waiting for their cargoes of lime from the Maghramorne works. There are some good quays on both sides of the lough about a mile from the town, the water being too shallow to float vessels further up.
The royal military road along the coast passes through the town. The market is on Tuesday; a great market is held on the first Monday of every month, and there are fairs on Dec. 1st and July 31st, principally for black cattle, a few inferior horses, and pigs. A constabulary police force has been established in the town, and there is also a coast guard station belonging to the Carrickfergus district. A court for the manor of Glenarm is held here every six weeks; and petty sessions are held every alternate week.
The parish comprises, according to the Ordnance survey, 2210 statute acres of good arable and pasture land; the system of agriculture is slowly improving, and there is neither waste land nor bog. Limestone abounds, and is quarried both for building and agricultural purposes; at Ballycraigey, about a mile to the north of the town, is a quarry of felspar, worked occasionally for building; and at Bankhead a fine stratum of coal has been discovered, but is not worked.
The principal seats are Gardenmore, the elegant villa of S. Darcus, Esq.; the Curraan, the residence of M. McNeill, Esq.; and the glebe-house, of the Rev. H. Martin.
The living is a perpetual curacy, in the diocese of Connor, and in the patronage of the Dean; the tithes amount to £136. 11s. 11d.; of which £123. 15s. 7d., is payable to the curate, who receives also £23. 8d., from Primate Boulter's fund. The glebe-house was built in 1824, by a gift of £450 and a loan of £50 from the late Board of First Fruits; the glebe comprises 3? acres. The church, previously to its alteration in 1819, had some interesting details of ancient architecture.
In the Roman Catholic divisions the parish forms part of the union or district of Carrickfergus and Larne; a chapel was erected here in 1832 by subscription.
There are places of worship for Presbyterians in connection with the Synod of Ulster and the Seceding Synod, each of the second class, and with the Presbytery of Antrim of the first class, also for Weslyan Methodists.
About 150 children are taught in the national school of the parish, and a dispensary is supported by subscription.
There are some remains of the ancient castle of Olderfleet on the promontory of Curraan; and on the sea side, about a mile north of the town, is a cavern called the Black Cave, passing under the projecting base of a huge rock; the length of the cave, which is open at both ends, is 60 feet, and its height from 3 to 30 feet; the sides are formed of basaltic columns of large dimensions. On the shore of the lough, near the town, are some singular petrifactions, of a blue colour, apparently the result of a spring issuing from a bank at high water mark. In a short road leading from the east to the north of the town is a chalybeate spring, at present little used.
Russell, James (I1091)
Wilfred Burgess related the story about his father David when he got word on his first farm that the local bailiff was on his way to evict him and impound his possessions for non-payment of rent. So he borrowed a bullock and cart from Tom Crawford, loaded his family and possessions, and moved further up the valley and settled on the Eglinton Estate belonging to Tom Crawford., who was known to be a more sympathetic and kindly man than his brother Robert, who owned the Ellalong Estate and lived in Sydney. (This story provided by Donald Burgess) Their children, Laura, Reuben, Isabella, Wilfred, Albert, Basil, Elsie, Stanley and Gladys were all born and reared in Congewai. He had a small but productive farm which he inherherited from his father James. David Burgess, George Crossley, Dick O'Hearn, Augustus Chick, Walter Jones, Nipper Bridge and Fred McDonald were some of the men who worked on the Whyalla Road, now known as Main Road, Paxton, or the Middle Road. Doris Smith reported that her grandfather "liked his privacy". She never knew him without a white beard. He had black hair and very deep blue eyes. In spite of no schooling he taught himself to read and write. He loved to read. He was an exexcellent whip maker, and tanned the hides himself. Quite a few of the Bullock teamsters used his product. He also produced high quality sulky whips. David used a bullock dray to travel to Maitland for food supplies. The trip took a full week, and he made stops at Cessnock, Majors Lane, Bishop's Bridge and Telarah.
Burgess, David (I5901)
Will of Stephen Forde.folio W/ l3/l498 Oct,24. "To he buried in church of St Nicholas
... to Michael Forde my brother,
... to Alice Crombroke my sister,
... to Isabell Lorcom,
... to John Tokr,
... to my wife Margaret my place with all lands for life,except five acres of pasture at Nell, besides the place of William Cokks,... etc.
Footnote says that wife Margaret was a sister to Stephen Hougham who died l48l, and her sister Isabell was wife of Henry Moussrade or Musred.
"Excrs.wife Margaret, Leman Gason, William Dent - probated at Wingham 15 Nov. 1498. Will of Margaret Hougham Forde dated 28 Jan. 1500 - 01.Proved 18 Mar.1501 to be buried at St Nicholas, mentions Richard Tucker, John Tucker, and Bennett Tucker" (see Stephen's will - mentions John Toker or Tohr.
Will of John Toker was proved 15 Nov. 1498 ... his children at Wingham.
It would appear that Stephen and Margaret had no children - none being mentioned in either wills. Also that
the Tohr or Toker or Tucker was same name, and probably a relative, seeing they both mention him.The children
of John Tucker bear family names of Houghams.
Forde, Stephen (I3995)
William Longsword, 2nd Duke of Normandy from 927 to 942, was also Duke of Aquitaine and died in 942, slain by Arnulf of Flanders with whom he had in good faith gone to confer. He married (1) Leudegarde, daughter of Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, no issue; (2) Espriota (Sporta), daughter of Hubert, Count of Senlis (St. Liz) and cousin of William Longsword. :

died 17 Dec., 942, Picardy [France]
also called William Longsword , French Guillaume Longue-épée  son of Rollo and second duke of Normandy (927–942). He sought continually to expand his territories either by conquest or by exacting new lands from the French king for the price of homage. In 939 he allied himself with Hugh the Great in the revolt against King Louis IV; through the mediation of the pope, the war ended, and Louis renewed William's investiture of Normandy (940). William, however, continued his territorial ambitions, especially northward. Drawn to a conference on an island in the Somme River, he was assassinated on the orders of the count of Flanders, Arnulf I.
William I "Longsword" Duke of Normandy (I2775)
279 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Huffam, B.J. (I3742)
Ælfthryth (c.?945 - 1000 or 1001, also Alfrida, Elfrida or Elfthryth) was the second or third wife of King Edgar of England. Ælfthryth was the first king's wife known to have been crowned and anointed as Queen of the Kingdom of England. Mother of King Æthelred the Unready, she was a powerful political figure. She was linked to the murder of her stepson King Edward the Martyr and appeared as a stereotypical bad queen and evil stepmother in many medieval histories.
Aelfthryth (I2720)
281 Croydon Mining News 24 Jan1908: Mr Tom D'ARCY of the Normanton Telegraph office is at present in Croydon effecting necessary repairs to the local .....ments. He returns to the seaside tomorrow. d' Arcy, Thomas Joseph (I211)
282 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Royes, S.P. (I1048)
283 Rockhampton Morning Bulletin 19 March 1908:

Mr Joseph Olive, a very old resident of Rockhampton, died yesterday at his residence, Yaamba-road, and will be buried to-day in the North Rockhampton cemetery.
The deceased came to Rockhampton from Adelaide with his parents about 1860 and remained here. He followed several occupations, but was chiefly engaged in the carrying business.
Mr. Olive was sixty-five years of age, and had not been in good health since the death of his wife, which occurred about three or four years ago. He has left a large family of grown-up sons and daughters. 
Olive, Joseph (I5948)
284 Rockhampton Morning Bulletin 24 Jan 2009 describes him as "late of North Rockhampton"; the Mackay Daily Mercury 24 Jan 2009 describes him as "late of Bowen"; both give his age as 94 Ferguson, Claude de J (I6289)
285 The Times, Thursday 7 June 1883, page 1
On the 5th June, at St Marylebone Church, by the Rev Blomefield Slight, M.A., Vicar of Swainlincote [sic] Derbyshire, assisted by the Rev F J Jomini, B.A., Walter George Gill, Esq., only son of the late Walter Bettershell Gill, M.D., Lond., of 9 Cambridge Terrace, Regent’s Park, to Alice, daughter of the late Charles Augustus Turner, Esq., of Jersey, and step-daughter of the late Joseph Bravo, Esq., of Palace Gardens, Kensington, and Jamiaca. 
Family F609
286  Huffam, Timotheos Blake (I3728)
Walter B Gill28Head
Georgia M Gill22Wife
Walter Geor Gill2Son
Georgianna M Gill1Daughter
Emma Sarah Gill4 MoDaughter
Alexr Pyne Glave17Pupil
Matthew Morris17Pupil
Ann Crawshaw39Servant
Margt Watson17Servant
George Hughes15Servant
King, Georgiana Martha (I1856)
    On the use of McArthur and McCarthy:
  • "McArthur" appears on Hugh's birth registration in Sydney (1855)
  • "McCarthy" appears on the wedding documents (1875), for both Hugh and father Alexander - this is not a one-off clerical error because...
  • "McCarthy" is used for registration of the births of Hugh's children (1875-1898) in Morpeth and Armidale and for death records for those who died 1900 and earlier
  • "McArthur" is used thereafter
  • I have used McArthur for consistency except for those who were born and died McCarthy.

I have searched for birth records in Scotland for both Alexander McArthur and Alexander McCarthy without any success. (Lots of Alexander McCarthys born in Ireland!)
See the document in the family file listing birth registrations. 
McArthur, Hugh (I2137)
289 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Bloomfield, C.B. (I3212)
290 A "J ROYES" is buried in Home Hill Cemetery grave #35 - no details except note "buried approximately 1924" Royes, John Hougham (I964)
291 A "Wesford Royes" is recorded as having died 14 Nov 1980 aged 76 (b 1904) in Old Harbour, Saint Catherine, Jamaica Royes, Westford (I1520)
292 A badly transcribed record has Eda Albina Luther marrying William Irvine Webbin in 1937 Luther, Edna A (I3019)
293 A Brewer In Yeovil Somerset
An Engraver Had a school near Edmonton
Emigrated to New Zealand

The photo of Timothy HUFFAM shows him aged about 50, around 1860, prior to leaving England for New Zealand.

Link to this page from Greta Gordon's NZ web site about the Huffams: click here.
Huffam, Timothy (I3716)
294 A Catherine Veronica Reynolds was born 1924 in Portumna, Galway, Ireland (Irish Births 1864-1958) Reynolds, Veronica Catherine (I776)
295 A Charles Mordaunt of Rochester, merchant, commerce. Subscribed to The American Negotiator 1751-75: or, the various currencies of the British Colonies in America ... Reduced into English money by a series of tables, suited to the several exchanges between the Colonies and Britain (Second edn.), 1763, WRIGHT, John. London?Subject: commerce
- [ U.K. and U.S. Directories, 1680-1830 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003. Original data: Avero Publications. Biography Database, 1680-1830. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England: Avero Publications, 1998.] 
Mordaunt, Charles (I512)
296 A Charles Royes died 31 May 1933 aged 62 (born about 1871) at Crossroads, St Andrew, Jamaica Royes, Charles Henry Foster (I3866)
297 A Charles Turner died abt Feb 1848 in Kensington, London, England. He presumably had died when Mary Married Joseph Bravo in 1854. It has been conjectured that he may have gone to Jamaica and died there but there is no evidence for this. We can assume that Mary decided to go and live with her brother in Jamaica after the death of Charles Turner, where she met Joseph Bravo. Turner, Charles Augustus (I1398)
298 A Charlotte Hougham is enrolled in the Australian Commonwealth Electoral Rolls for 1913 and 1919 at Harris St, Hawthorne (Brisbane), living with Frederick William Hougham who is thought not to have been married. If this Charlotte was living with her brother, the 1919 entry is wrong since she died in 1916. Hougham, Charlotte Hawkes (I4196)
299 a few kilometres west of Armidale Cameron, Hugh (I3941)
300 A Frances Mary Machin died Jun 1876 in Eton, Buckinghamshire Dix, Frances Mary (I4819)
301 A George Higginson arrived in Australia 31 May 1841 on the "Moffatt" aged 28 in Feb 1841 therefore born Feb 1813, from Ballindara, County Antrim, Ireland. Unmarried. Parents Edward Higginson and Anne Taylor. It is not suggested that this is George William Higginson but that they may be related. Ballindara should probably be Ballinderry. Higginson, George William (I6146)
302 A Henry Dunn married married a Serena Morris 1 Jan 1867 and she may have been formerly married to a William Samuel Williams when she was 15. Henry and Selena had three children (George Lambert Dunn 1868-1945, Thomas Mellanby Dunn 1870-1951, and Ada Selena Dunn 1872-1910). Some family trees identify this Henry with Henry William Dunn. There were several Henry Dunns so I would prefer more proof. Dunn, Henry William (I5934)
303 A Henry H Dunn married Nira M Hall in 1912 - he would have been aged 25 (NSW Reg. 11071/1912 Picton)
A Henry H Dunn married Eva M Crowley in 1918 - he would have been aged 31 (NSW Reg. 10227/1918 Sydney) 
Dunn, Henry Harold (I5930)
304 A Henry T Bailey was born to Henry and Mary A - NSW Registry V1854204 42A/1854 Bailey, Henry (I2037)
305 A History of the Plantagenets, Vol I, The Conquering Family, Thomas B Costain, Doubleday & Co, Garden City, 1949, p37:
"Duke William ruled Aquitaine and he was very old. He had one son who had gone to the Crusades and who was so good that the people called him St. William. The old man had not been a saint by any means but had spent a large part of his life wandeering up and down his broad domain looking for romance, and always finding it. He now wanted to abdicate and spend his last years as a pilgrim and penitent, having in full degree that fear of the hereafter and the torments of hell which motivated so much of what happened in those days. His saintly son had two daughters only, Eleanor and Petonille, both of whom took after their grandfather." 
Aquitaine, Petronille (I3646)
306 A Houston Clements born in Larne was killed in action 2 Oct 1918 in Western European Theatre while serving as a Rifleman with the Royal Irish Rifles #7506 Clements, Houston (I163)
307 A Hugh Wiley is enrolled on the Commonwealth Electoral Roll for 1943 with address Eventide Home, Charters Towers. Wiley, Hugh (I1312)
308 A Jamaican Rhodes Scholar to Oxford (1929) - an Oxford Blue - rowed for Oxford

Practised for many years in Jamaica as a psychiatrist, and did work on the effects of ganja (= cannibis ), etc. There is a Ken Royes Rehabilitation Centre named after him. (acknowledgements) ... "Ganja has long been regarded both by the laity and the profession as a cause of psychosis in Jamaica. The unrivalled accumulated experience of Cooke, Royes, and Williams, who were in recent years senior medical officers at Bellevue Hospital in Kingston, Jamaica, fully substantiate this ...

UK Incoming passenger lists for a Kenneth Royes born 1909/10:
K.C. Royes19Kingston, JamaicaDover, England8 Sep 1929Jamaica ProducerJamaica Direct Fruit Line
Kenneth Coates Royes22Kingston, JamaicaLondon, England4 Oct 1932Jamaica Progress Jamaica Banana Producers SS Co
Kenneth Royes 37 Kingston, JamaicaSouthampton, England6 Oct 1946AtlantisRoyal Mail Lines Ltd
Kenneth Royes41Lourenco Marques, MozambiqueSouthampton, England29 Jul 1951BayanoHolland Africa Line
Kenneth C Royes47Port Antonio, JamaicaLondon, England26Aug 1957North StarKaye, Son & Company Ltd
Royes, Kenneth Coates (I4443)
309 A James Clements died 1893 in Ballymoney and another in 1915 in Ballymena Clements, James (I4728)
310 A James Whiteford is listed in Griffiths Valuation of Ireland 1848-1864 at Tureagh, Raloo, County Antrim Whiteford, James (I3927)
311 A Jane Murray (parents Anthony and Mary) died in Albury, NSW in 1919 (NSW 1919/7357) Stewart, Jane (I5470)
312 A John O'Donnell is listed in New South Wales, Australia Convict Ship Muster Rolls and Related Records, 1790-1849 > 1808-1809 > Admiral Gambier and Aeolus with notation: Where convicted: Middlesex, 17th September 1806, Term: seven years O'Donald, John (I1825)
313 A John Royes was baptised in Canterbury 24 Sep 1752, son of William and Sarah [England Births and Baptisms 1538-1975] I am assuming that this is our John Royes and that he is eight years younger than his wife - though note that she apparently understates her age - 26 instead of 30/31! Royes, John (I2224)
314 A Kay Lynette Royes née Johnstone is buried in Coffs Harbour Historic Cemetery b 22 Dec 1946 d 22 Feb 1994 "Loved and remembered by the Johnstone, Royes and Dean families"
[Royes], Kay (I1075)
315 A Margaret Guild, born Scotland abt 1885, appears in the 1901 census age 16 as a pupil at a school in Brighton, Sussex, England. As does a Sybil Guild age 14 (born abt 1887) - probably her cousin. Guild, Margaret de Hougham (I3558)
316 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Royes, M. (I991)
317 A Mary Carr was born in 1918 in New Ross, Carlow, Ireland Carr, Mary Dympna (I227)
318 A Norman D Abbott was born abt Nov 1913 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England. Mother's maiden name was Cattermole. Abbott, Norman (I2050)
319 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Terry, N. (I3622)
320 a number of family trees record place as Castle Doyle, NSW McLennan, Donald John (I4123)
321 A PH Royes travelled from Townsville to Sydney on the Cooma arriving 27 Oct 1911 Royes, Percy Hougham (I1014)
322 A possible link is Hannah Jones, daughter of John and Ann Jones, baptised 30 Aug 1778 in Hanmer, Flintshire, Wales Jones, Ann Hannah (I3614)
323 A Robert Alfred Smail died in QLD 25 Jul 1916 son of Robert Smail and Bessie Ralph Smail, Robert (I1151)
324 A Robert Armstrong Clements was born in Belfast abt Aug 1901.
A Robert Alexander Clements was born in Belfast in 1905.
Note that sister Sarah Jane was born abt Aug 1904. 
Clements, Robert A (I3297)
325 A Robert Clements died in Belfast in 1918 aged 8. Clements, Robert A (I3297)
326 A Robert de Hougham is mentioned in Assize Lists for the years 1316-17 de Hougham, Robert V (I131)
327 A Robert Smail wrote to the Rockhampton Bulletin 15 Dec 1863.
A Robert Smail is described as of Rockhampton, a wine merchant, in a public notice dated 20 Oct 1866 which appears to have led to him (and partners) appearing before the Police Court Rockhampton in regard to a failure to vacate premises in Little East Street 29 Dec 1867. (The transcripts are hard to decipher.)
A Death Notice (Rockhampton Bulletin) 1 Jul 1871 notes that he was aged 29, lived at East Street - but no mention of a widow or other family.
Note that when Ann Maria Royes married Robert Smail in Sydney (1868), both gave their residence as Rockhampton. 
Smail, Robert (I1151)
328 A Royes de Hougham Gill married Eva Le Fleming Ensor, daughter of Edmund Alfred Le Fleming Ensor and Inez Agnes Pemberton.

Children of Royes de Hougham Gill and Eva Le Fleming Ensor are:
i. +Eveline Alice Gill, b. 17 May 1912.
ii. Diana Royes Gill, b. 20 December 1913.

Eveline Alice Gill (daughter of Royes de Hougham Gill and Eva Le Fleming Ensor) was born 17 May 1912. She married Norman Abbott on 4 August 1932 in Kirkley, S. Lowestoft, Suffolk, England.
More About Eveline Alice Gill and Norman Abbott:
Marriage: 4 August 1932, Kirkley, S. Lowestoft, Suffolk, England.
Children of Eveline Alice Gill and Norman Abbott are:
i. +Anne Elizabeth Abbott, b. 19 September 1934.
ii. +Richard John Abbott, b. 17 June 1939.

Diana Royes Gill married Wilfred Douglas Maxted-Massey on 17 December 1955 in Turi, Kenya.


The combination of Royes, Hougham and Gill must put them in our family tree, so I have entered them as links with Walter R de H Gill in English Census returns (the time frame fits perfectly) but be aware that this is not yet proven 
Gill, Walter Royes de Hougham (I1764)
329 A Samuel Royes was buried 9 Jun 1876 in Edmonton All Saints parish, Enfield (London Metropolitan Archives, All Saints, Edmonton, Register of burials, DRO/040/A/01, Item 024, dro/040/a/01/024.) Royes, Samuel Tyssen (I543)
330 A Sarah Hougham was buried 16 Mar 1783 in Holy Trinity Minories, London Mordaunt, Sarah (I700)
331 A Septimus Royes Cover was initiated into Friendly Lodge 383 on 8 Apr 1920 (George W.J. Palmer Montego Bay - Its People and Its Lodge 2006) indicating that the Royes-Cover connection continued through several generations. Cover, Septimus Royes (I3564)
332 A Tailor Huffam, Stephen (I2103)
333 A Thomas Murray died 18 Jul 1887 in QLD, Australia [1887/001982] His parents are given as Robert Murray and Elizabeth Glassipa Murray, Thomas (I708)
334 A Thomas Turner married a Susan Delauney in St George Hanover Square, London, on 17 Feb 1818. This would explain Charles Delauney Turner's middle name as this would be his grandmother's maiden name - so I have made that assumption.
A Susan Delauney was baptised 1792 in St Anne, Soho, Middlesex to Peter and Eliz Delauney [Pallott's Marriage Index] 
Delauney, Susan (I2855)
335 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Gould, T.J. (I6551)
336 A tribute by his brother Tim on the 30th anniversary of Sam's death:
Thirty years ago my brother Captain Samuel Royes died in a car accident, leaving his wife Madge, daughter Sara, our parents, 2 sisters and 3 brothers. Sam who was known to his family as Sal, was 33, and an A300 captain with Air Jamaica.
He was 11 years my senior, but always treated me with the respect of an equal. I was 9 years old when he learnt to fly, and on several occasions he would take me flying in smaller single and twin engine aircraft. The first time being out of Opa Locka Airport in Florida, where he learned to fly. I can still remember flying over the Everglades, and landing at a satellite airfield, after a couple of bounces. ?While going to high school in Canada, Sal would get tickets for me to fly to Jamaica for Christmas and summer holidays, and during these holidays we spent many great times together. I will always remember just before Christmas of 1982 when I took him to pick up a brand new Honda Accord, the first new car he would own. After dealing with the paperwork, he walked out of the office and threw me the keys, and said “here you drive it home”. I have always wondered if it was that he did not really care to be the first to drive his brand new car, or he just wanted to give me the honour. ?At the time of his death I was in England in the middle of my officer training with the Royal Marines, and even though I felt like quitting on many occasions, it was not an option, as I felt I would have been using his death as reason to cop out. ?Just before I left Jamaica for my course with the Royal Marines in September of 1985, Sal gave me an envelope with $200.00, US, and a note. The money is long spent but I still have the note:
All the best in everything you endeavour, and stay with your own good integrity.
Sam Royes Sept 1985

He was my brother, but he was also a best friend. I regret that my wife and children never met him, and that I was never able to take him flying. I guess that is why for me money is not a priority, as I more treasure quality time with those I love.
Thank you Sal for being such a great brother. 
Royes, Captain Samuel Erle (I4465)
337 a well known tropical biologist, spent several years in Australia developing what was to become the Royes pea which was very hardy. He returned to Jamaica in the 1970s and to lecture at the University of the West Indies. He died in the 1980s in a car accident. Royes, William Vernon (I3266)
338 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Davis, F.G. (I2392)
339 A widow when she married James Theoff Jizard, Mary (I5509)
340 A Wilfred and Reginald Lunt are enrolled (1930) at Sandy Creek in the same sub-division and are farmers. Note that Annie died young in April 1930 shortly after the birth of daughter Frances and we can conjecture that if this Wilfred Lunt is her husband that there are several explanations as to why their enrolled addresses are different - not least of which is the fact that electoral rolls reflect an enrolment address not necessarily a current residence. In fact, Annie's name should not appear on the roll depending on the 1930 date it was published.

Reginald cannot be the Wilfred's son by Annie - he has to be 21 to be enrolled and was therefore born before 1909. So he could be Wilfred's father (though he does not appear on earlier rolls), brother or cousin. 
Tompson, Annie Mary Hougham (I5932)
341 A William Higginson registered on the electoral roll on 27 Sep 1911, with address and occupation as Moody's Paddock, Mareeba, stockman" and is possibly our James William Higginson or more likely a son since James William would now be 73. Higginson, James William (I438)
342 A William Pegler Sanigear married in jan-Mar 1861 at Greenwich, as did Ellen Durrant. The 1861 census lists his wife as Ellen Sanigear so it is safe to assume that this is the same person. Family F4429
343 A William Way was buried 29 Mar 1835 aged 52 (born 1783) at St John the Baptist, Hawkchurch, Dorset Way, William (I1900)
344 abt 1063 according to but does not seem likely compared with husband's and children's birth dates de Brion, Emma (I2185)
345 abt 830 according to Wikipedia article Ivarsson, Eystein Earl of Hedemarken (I2666)
346 According to 1851 Census, aged 28, “Army (America)” - therefore born 1823. Either the Census figure is inaccurate or it is possible that James born early 1821 died soon after birth, and the next son born abt 1823 was also named James. Russell, James (I4733)
347 According to Arthur Hougham in his research, this Robert is recorded as son of the above Simon and of Elmstone in the College of Arms MS27. See the note under the previous Robert.

Elmstone is next to Ash. He added lands of Elmstone to those of Weddington as both continue to his descendants according to will given four generations later. 
de Hougham, Robert of Elmstone (I2937)
348 According to Berry, William,. County genealogies : pedigrees of the families of the county of Kent. London: Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper, 1830, It is Henry's brother Edward who is the father of Solomon b1714 and Charles Hougham, Henry (I2163)
349 According to Crispin and Macary, Rognwald also had a natural son, Hrollager, living in 896, who married Emina _______. They had a son, Hrolf Thurstan, living in 920, who married Gerlotte , daughter of Thibaut, Count of Blois and of Chartres. They were ancestors (five generations ) of Hugh of Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester, who died in 1101, and who married Ermentrude, daughter of Hugh, Count of Clermont. See Table III. in Crispin and Macary. Hrollager (I2196)
350 According to Gillian West's article included in Christopher Huffam's notes, this Mary Hougham is the daughter of Solomon Hougham who had a brother Charles, cousins of Christopher Huffam. The brothers were goldsmiths and Solomon Royes had been Solomon Hougham's apprentice. But as noted in Solomon's notes, the regular use of a middle name Mordaunt in the Royes family favours the data as we have it, since in this instance Mary's grandmother was a Sarah Mordaunt and there is no suuch instance of the name if her father was Solomon Hougham. As per the will of her uncle Charles Mordaunt Hougham she received property in Eastgate, Rochester. It is possibly this that explains Gillian West's error about which Charles Hougham was her uncle and her assumption that she was the daughter of Solomon.

In marriage registration, described as "of Hackney, London, England"

She is not mentioned in Solomon's will and yet she and two daughters were with him at the time of the 1841 census (6 June), so we can assume that she died between the census and the date Solomon signed his will - 25 Jun 1842. 
Hougham, Mary (I513)
351 According to grandson Roy Park, there was a big family rift and his grandparents split. Half of the children stayed with their dad and the other half with their mum.  
352 According to (Wanda Ware DeGidio) Ansfrid was the natural son of Hugh the Great and Gerlotte (c913-c937), daughter of Theobold de Blois and Richilde of Borges. During this time Gerlotte was wed to Thurstan, son of Drogo. Hugh was determined to be the father of Ansfrid based on Hugh's rare DNA (G2A) matching descendants of Ansfrid le Goz. Also, Gerlotte had a close relationship with Hugh the Great due to her father being a casual or knight. Le Goz, Ansfred Count d' Hiesmer (I2190)
353 According to researcher Viola Wiggins, the first McAlpin arrived in Ireland with a "Fencable" Regiment c1802. They were Regiments comprising of family members working for the various Chiefs in Scotland. A form of Home Guard, while the main Armies were abroad.
One of them was probably given property as a Servitor, in respect of his service to the Crown. 
McAlpin, Thomas (I1878)
354 according to Robert Halstead's A Succinct Genealogy of the House of Mordaunt London. 1685 [Robert Halstead is a pseudonym for Henry Mordaunt, Earl of Peterborough 1624?-1697] of Saint Giles, Robert (I3720)
355 according to some sources, illegitimate son of Richard and Gunnora (before marriage) Geoffrey Comte de Brionne and Eu (I2822)
356 According to the 1911 English census return they had 13 children, 3 still living, 10 who had died. Living with them were two sons Patrick and John, and two grandchildren, William Donovan Russell aged 12 and John Russell aged 1 Family F719
357 According to the poem written in tribute to Houston and Agnes, "some" of the young have "flown away.. far across the sea." Family F51
358 According to the UK, Register of Duties Paid for Apprentices' Indentures, 1710-1811, Ann H. Royes paid duties for apprentices Indentures on 8 Oct 1795 for Ann Lake Jones, Ann Hannah (I3614)
359 Achievements Ltd say the children of this marriage were Mary, Stephen, Thomas and Mary again Huffam, Stephen (I3653)
360 address on marriage certificate Hamill, Sarah Anne (I4628)
361 Address when married 3 Curran Street, Larne
Emigrated to Australia aboard 'Diogenes' arriving Melbourne 1923
Sailed to Cairns on 'Wyandra' arriving October 1923

The following is in an album of Agnes's containing flower pressings from Northern Ireland, greetings from friends and relatives. It was probably written about 1944:
If you're a soldier in need of a home
You won't have far to search or roam
Just walk up the street to the fighting Roys
There you'll meet the folks and the boys
There's Mum and Pop and both of the Bairns
Here all the boys meet for the Battle of Cairns
There's Ed and Merv and Coconut Joe
In fact all the boys with a cue have a go.
When it comes to the Champ, I'll hand it to Mum
Without her the party really wouldn't be fun
She's a centre of happiness that makes men brothers
May her happiness be as great as she's given to others
This house of happiness where all friends meet
Will live forever in the memory of Skeet

[sgd] E.E. Franklin
Eagle Heights, Qld 
Logan, Agnes (I605)
362 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Roy, G. (I3986)
363 After arrival at age 6, never left Cairns even when offered promotion in Townsville.

Left school at 13 to work at Wyper Bros. At 15 he joined Burns Philp where he stayed until it closed, having become manager of their hardware/hotel supplies department. Continued to work part-time for a Burns Philp-owned company until well into his 70's. 
Roy, John Maurice (I832)
364 After her first husband died, she lived and worked in San Diego, Calif. She later married Mr. Frank Lewis and they lived in California. White, Hope Margaret (I4253)
365 After the death of Elizabeth, Samuel spent his last twelve months with his daughter Molly (Mary) Family F50
366 Agatha (before 1030 – after 1070) was the wife of Edward the Exile (heir to the throne of England) and mother of Edgar Ætheling, Saint Margaret of Scotland and Cristina of England. Her antecedents are unclear and the subject of much speculation.
Nothing is known of Agatha's early life, and what speculation has appeared is inextricably linked to the contentious issue of Agatha's paternity, one of the unresolved questions of medieval genealogy. As the birth of her children is speculativelly placed at around the year 1045, her own birth was probably before about 1030. She came to England with her husband and children in 1057, but was widowed shortly after her arrival. Following the Norman conquest of England, in 1067 she fled with her children to Scotland, finding refuge under her future son-in-law Malcolm III. While one modern source indicates that she spent her last years as a nun at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, dying before about 1093,[1] Simeon of Durham[2] carries what appears to be the last reference to her in 1070.
Agatha (I2701)
367 age 10 Gill, Emma Sarah (I1858)
368 age 11, scholar Smith, Agnes (I1445)
369 age 11, scholar Logan, John (I609)
370 age 12, at school Nicholson, John (I1854)
371 age 12, scholar Weatherburn, James (I2060)
372 age 12, scholar Smith, Howard (I1443)
373 age 13 Turner, Angelina (I3111)
374 age 13, grocer shop girl Logan, Rose (I616)
375 age 14 Russell, Nancy (I1104)
376 age 14, at school Nicholson, Mary (I1853)
377 age 14, scholar Weatherburn, Henry (I2059)
378 age 14, scholar Smith, Fanny (I806)
379 age 15 Turner, Henry (I2860)
380 age 15, as "Charles Turner" Turner, Charles Augustus (I1398)
381 age 15, dressmaker Nicholson, Agnes (I1852)
382 age 16 Weatherburn, Mary (I2057)
383 age 16, school boarder Guild, Margaret de Hougham (I3558)
384 age 17.5, Baptist, Section 42 Grave 197 Royes, Mark Hougham (I994)
385 age 18 Machin, Frank (I4821)
386 age 18 Russell, Margaret (I1099)
387 age 19, seamstress Logan, Mary (I613)
388 age 2 Logan, Elizabeth (I607)
389 age 2 Nicole, Jessie (I540)
390 age 2 in 1883 passenger list Lumsden, Jessica (I4767)
391 age 2 on death certificate Royes, Mary Hougham (I2838)
392 age 2, Baptist, Section 42 Grave 138 Royes, Sydney Hougham (I1054)
393 age 2, visitor with family of William and Sarah Halmen Turner Bravo, Ellen (I1732)
394 age 20 Turner, Emma (I2856)
395 age 20, tailor Russell, John (I1096)
396 age 21 at marriage Whiteford, Margaret (I1308)
397 age 21 at marriage Moody, Patrick (I692)
398 age 21 in March 1877 Moody, Thomas Stewart (I694)
399 age 22 Bell, Anne Maria (I3482)
400 age 22, tailor Russell, Robert (I4558)

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