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Henry III, Duke of Normandy (1216-1259) King of England (1216-1272)

Henry III, Duke of Normandy (1216-1259) King of England (1216-1272)

Male 1206 - 1272  (66 years)

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  • Name Henry III  
    Suffix Duke of Normandy (1216-1259) King of England (1216-1272) 
    Born 1 Oct 1206  Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 16 Nov 1272  Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 20 Nov 1272  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Henry III, King John's son, was only nine when he became king. By 1227, when he assumed power from his regent, order had been restored, based on his acceptance of Magna Carta. However, the king's failed campaigns in France (1230 and 1242), his choice of friends and advisers, together with the cost of his scheme to make one of his younger sons King of Sicily and help the Pope against the Holy Roman Emperor, led to further disputes with the barons and united opposition in Church and State.

      Although Henry was extravagant and his tax demands were resented, the king's accounts show a list of many charitable donations and payments for building works (including the rebuilding of Westminster Abbey which began in 1245).
       
      The Provisions of Oxford (1258) and the Provisions of Westminster (1259) were attempts by the nobles to define common law in the spirit of Magna Carta, control appointments and set up an aristocratic council. Henry tried to defeat them by obtaining papal absolution from his oaths, and enlisting King Louis XI's help. Henry renounced the Provisions in 1262 and war broke out. The barons, under their leader, Simon de Montfort, were initially successful and even captured Henry.

      However, Henry escaped, joined forces with the lords of the Marches (on the Welsh border), and finally defeated and killed de Montfort at the Battle of Evesham in 1265. Royal authority was restored by the Statute of Marlborough (1267), in which the king also promised to uphold Magna Carta and some of the Provisions of Westminster.
      [1]
    Person ID I2690  Roy~Royes
    Last Modified 1 Nov 2012 

    Father John, Duke of Normandy & King of England (1199-1216)
              b. 24 Dec 1167, Beaumont, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 19 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Newark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Mother Isabella d' Angouleme
              b. 1188, Angoulême, Charente, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 31 May 1246, Fontevrault, Maine-et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 26 Aug 1200  Bordeaux, Gironde, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F989  Family Group  |  Family Chart

    Family Eleanor de Provence
              b. 1217, Provence, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 24 Jan 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 14 Jan 1236  Canterbury, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. Edward I, King of England 1272-1307
              b. 17 Jun 1239, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 7 Jul 1307, Burgh by Sands, Cumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     2. Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Leicester and Lancaster
              b. 16 Jan 1245, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 5 Jun 1296, Bayonne, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years)
     3. Margaret
              b. 1240, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 1274  (Age 34 years)
    Last Modified 28 Mar 2014 02:30:18 
    Family ID F988  Family Group  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1 Oct 1206 - Winchester, Hampshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 14 Jan 1236 - Canterbury, Kent, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 16 Nov 1272 - Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 20 Nov 1272 - Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S54] Official web site of the British Monarchy, Page59.