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Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou and Maine, Duke of Normandy

Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou and Maine, Duke of Normandy

Male 1113 - 1151  (38 years)

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  • Name Geoffrey Plantagenet 
    Suffix Count of Anjou and Maine, Duke of Normandy 
    Born 24 Aug 1113 
    Gender Male 
    Died 7 Sep 1151 
    • Le Mans Cathedral
    • Geoffrey V (1113 - 1151), Count of Anjou and Maine, and later Duke of Normandy, called "Geoffrey the Fair" or "Geoffrey Plantagent", was the son of Fulk V, Count of Anjou and King of Jerusalem. Geoffrey's mother was Eremburg of La Flèche, heiress of Maine. Geoffrey himself became the father of the Plantagenet dynasty of English kings.

      Nicknamed for the sprig of broom (= genêt plant, in French) he wore in his hat as a badge, at the age of 15 he married Matilda, the daughter of Henry I of England and widow of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. The marriage in 1128 was meant to seal a peace between England/Normandy and Anjou. She was eleven years older than Geoffrey, and their marriage was a stormy one, but she survived him. Their eldest son became Henry II of England.

      The year after the marriage Geoffrey's father left for Jerusalem (where he was to become king), leaving Geoffrey behind as count as Anjou.

      When king Henry died in 1135, Maud's cousin Stephen seized the throne. While Maud turned her attentions to England, Geoffrey focused on the conquest of Normandy. This was to take a decade of steady seigework and alliance-building, a process Geoffrey would not abandon even when his wife pleaded for help in England. The merits of this strategy are sometimes debated. While Angevin forces might have been decisive if brought over to England, it also seems that the possession of Normandy played a role, possibly even a decisive one, in the eventual success of their son Henry in taking the English crown.

      Geoffrey also put down three baronial rebellions in Anjou, in 1129, 1135, and 1145-1151. The threat of rebellion slowed his progress in Normandy, and is one reason he could not intervene in England.

      In the remaining years of his life, Geoffrey consolidated his hold on Normandy, reforming the administration of the duchy, and, in 1150, introduced Henry into its rule.

      He died on September 7, 1151, still a young man, and is buried in Le Mans Cathedral in France.

      • Jim Bradbury, "Geoffrey V of Anjou, Count and Knight", in The Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood III
      • Charles H. Haskins, "Normandy Under Geoffrey Plantagenet", The English Historical Review, volume 27 (July 1912), pp. 417-444

      GEOFFREY V "le Bel" (Plantagenet), Comte d'Anjou & Maine, Duke of Normandy (1144-1150), b 1113, d 1151, m in 1128 as 2nd husband of 25 yrs old MATILDA (Maud) "the Empress", only surviving legitimate child and heiress of King HENRY I (see under England Kings for ancestors), d 1169. Her 1st husband was the Holy Roman (German) Emperor Heinrich V. Prior to marriage with GEOFFREY she'd been in love with STEPHEN de Blois.
      King HENRY II, b 1133 (see under England, Kings, for descendants)
      Geoffrey, d 1158, Comte de Nantes
      Guillaume, d 1164, Comte de Poitou

      GEOFFREY V's illegitimate dau EMMA, m 1st GUY V, Seigneur du LAVAL , and m 2nd Dafydd I, Prince of Gwynedd

      GEOFFREY V's illegitimate son HAMELINE PLANTAGENET, m in 1163 as 2nd husband of Countess ISABEL de WARRENNE (see under Warrenne for descendants).

      GEOFFREY V's illegitimate dau "Marie of France" wrote lais and became Abbess of Shaftesbury
    Person ID I2698  Roy~Royes
    Last Modified 5 Nov 2008 

    Father Count Fulk V d' Anjou, King of Jerusalem,   b. 1089-1092,   d. 13 Nov 1143  (Age 51 years) 
    Family ID F1455  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Matilda or Maud,   b. 7 Feb 1102/3, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1167, Rouen, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Married 3 Apr 1127 
    +1. Henry II Plantagenet, King of England, Duke of Normandy,   b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)
    Last Modified 28 Mar 2014 
    Family ID F991  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Geoffrey Plantagenet (1113-1151)
    Geoffrey Plantagenet (1113-1151)