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Richard the Lionheart Plantagenet, King of England, Duke of Normandy

Richard the Lionheart Plantagenet, King of England, Duke of Normandy

Male 1157 - 1199  (41 years)

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  • Name Richard the Lionheart Plantagenet 
    Suffix King of England, Duke of Normandy 
    Born 8 Sep 1157  Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Beaumont Palace
    Gender Male 
    Died 6 Apr 1199  Chalus, Aquitaine, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Fontevrault Abbey
    Notes 
    • King of England and Duke of Normandy (1189-1199)

      Richard I, the Lion-hearted, spent much of his youth in his mother's court at Poitiers. Richard cared much more for the continental possessions of his mother than for England - he also cared much more for his mother than for his father. Family considerations influenced much of his life: he fought along side of his brothers Prince Henry and Geoffrey in their rebellion of 1173-4; he fought for his father against his brothers when they supported an 1183 revolt in Aquitane; and he joined Philip II of France against his father in 1188, defeating Henry in 1189.

      Richard spent but six months of his ten-year reign in England. He acted upon a promise to his father to join the Third Crusade and departed for the Holy Land in 1190 (accompanied by his partner-rival Philip II of France). In 1191, he conquered Cyprus en route to Jerusalem and performed admirably against Saladin, nearly taking the holy city twice. Philip II, in the meantime, returned to France and schemed with Richard's brother John. The Crusade failed in its primary objective of liberating the Holy Land from Moslem Turks, but did have a positive result - easier access to the region for Christian pilgrims through a truce with Saladin. Richard received word of John's treachery and decided to return home; he was captured by Leopold V of Austria and imprisoned by Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI. The administrative machinery of Henry II insured the continuance of royal authority, as Richard was unable to return to his realm until 1194. Upon his return, he crushed a coup attempt by John and regained lands lost to Philip II during the German captivity. Richard's war with Philip continued sporadically until the French were finally defeated near Gisors in 1198.

      Richard died April 6, 1199, from a wound received in a skirmish at the castle of Chalus in the Limousin. Near his death, Richard finally reconciled his position with his late father, as evidenced by Sir Richard Baker in A Chronicle of the Kings of England: "The remorse for his undutifulness towards his father, was living in him till he died; for at his death he remembered it with bewailing, and desired to be buried as near him as might be, perhaps as thinking they should meet the sooooner, that he might ask him forgiveness in another world." Richard's prowess and courage in battle earned him the nickname Coeur De Lion ("heart of the lion"), but the training of his mother's court is revealed in a verse Richard composed during his german captivity:

      No one will tell me the cause of my sorrow Why they have made me a prisoner here. Wherefore with dolour I now make my moan; Friends had I many but help have I none. Shameful it is that they leave me to ransom, To languish here two winters long.
      --http://www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon27.html
    Person ID I2726  Roy~Royes
    Last Modified 8 Sep 2007 

    Father Henry II Plantagenet, King of England, Duke of Normandy,   b. 5 Mar 1133, Le Mans, Sarthe, Pays de la Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Jul 1189, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years) 
    Mother Eleanor d' Aquitaine,   b. 1122, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Apr 1204, Fontevraud Abbey, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Married 18 May 1152  Bordeaux, Gironde, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F990  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 8 Sep 1157 - Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 6 Apr 1199 - Chalus, Aquitaine, France Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Anjou, France Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set