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Hugh d' Avranches, Earl of Chester

Hugh d' Avranches, Earl of Chester

Male Abt 1047 - 1101  (~ 54 years)    Has 61 ancestors and 2 descendants in this family tree.

 Set As Default Person    

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  • Name Hugh d' Avranches 
    Suffix Earl of Chester 
    Nickname "le Gros" "the Fat" "the Wolf" 
    Born Abt 1047 
    Gender Male 
    Military Service 1066  [1
    Died 27 Jul 1101 
    • Hugh "le Gros" Lupus d' Avranches Earl of Chester was born between 1047 and 1050. He died on 27 Jul 1101. The Palatine Earldom of Chester is now vested in the British Crown, and is traditionally a title held by the Prince of Wales. In 1071, William the Conqueror made his nephew, Hugh, Earl of Chester, giving him the whole of the county Palatine of Chester " hold as freely by the sword as he [the King] himself held the kingdom of England by the crown" As Count or Earl Palatine he had extradordinary authority within his provinces - this was seen as necessary due to the need to defend the Marches from the incursions of the Welsh - and as such he had his own Court and hereditary barons who each had their own jurisdiction, and power of "life and death" - legend has it that the Barons of Malpas, (later the Egertons from whom the Wedgwoods of Harracles etc. descend) were particularly prone to sentence the latter. The hereditary Barons created by Hugh are as follows, after the reversion of the Earldom with the crown, these dignities became only titular.

      Illegitimate children:
      Ottiwell, tutir to the children of Henry I, died in the White Ship disaster
      Robert, Abbot of Bury St Edmunds
      William d' Abrincis, whose daughter Lucia married Aubrey de Vere, Earl of Ghisnesand 1st Earl of Oxford

      also called Hugh The Fat, or Hugh The Wolf, •French Hugues Le Gros, French-•Latin Hugues Lupus son of Richard, Viscount d'Avranches, and probable companion of William the Conqueror, who made him Earl of Chester in 1071. (He inherited his fatherer's viscountship sometime after 1082.) He had special privileges in his earldom, and he held land in 20 counties. Hugh was called Le Gros because of his great bulk and Lupus because of his ferocity. He regarded Saint Anselm as his friend, and he showed the customary liberality to religious houses. His life was mainly spent fighting in Wales and in Normandy. Hugh's only son Richard, who was childless, drowned in the White Ship in November 1120.
    Oldest Known Ancestors
    Paternal Line: Egil b. Abt 530
    Maternal Line: Doda [de Falaise] b. 980
    Person ID I2747  Roy~Royes | Hougham
    Last Modified 14 Sep 2018 

    Father Richard le Goz, Count d' Avranches
              b. 1025, Avranches, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. Aft 1082  (Age > 58 years) 
    Mother Emma de Conteville
              b. 1029, Conteville, Calvados, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. ?  
    Family ID F1006  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Ermentrude de Clermont
              d. ?  
     1. Maud d' Avranches
              d. ?
     2. Richard d' Abrincis, Earl of Chester
              b. Abt 1093
              d. 25 Nov 1120, Barfleur, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years)
    Last Modified 28 Mar 2014 
    Family ID F1457  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Sources 
    1. [S515] Britain, Knights Of The Realm & Commonwealth Index , (Find My Past).

    2. [S82] Hugh, 1st Earl of Chester, Encyclopedia Britannica.