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Edward the Confessor, King of England

Edward the Confessor, King of England

Male Abt 1003 - 1066  (~ 63 years)

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  • Name Edward the Confessor  
    Suffix King of England 
    Born Abt 1003  Islip, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 5 Jan 1066  Islington, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Aft 5 Jan 1066  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Shrine of Edward the Confessor
    Shrine of Edward the Confessor
    Westminster Abbey
    Notes 
    • See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_the_Confessor
    • In 1042 Edward 'the Confessor' became King. As the surviving son of Ethelred and his second wife, Emma, he was a half-brother of Hardicanute. With few rivals (Canute's line was extinct and Edward's only male relatives were two nephews in exile), Edward was undisputed king; the threat of usurpation by the King of Norway rallied the English and Danes in allegiance to Edward.

      Brought up in exile in Normandy, Edward lacked military ability or reputation. His Norman sympathies caused tensions with one of Canute's most powerful earls, Godwin of Wessex, whose daughter, Edith, Edward married in 1045 (the marriage was childless).

      These tensions resulted in the crisis of 1050-52, when Godwin assembled an army to defy Edward. With reinforcements from the earls of Mercia and Northumberland, Edward banished Godwin from the country and sent Queen Edith from court. Edward used the opportunity to appoint Normans to places at court, and as sheriffs at local level.

      William, Duke of Normandy may have been designated heir. However, the hostile reaction to this increased Norman influence brought Godwin back. Edward subsequently formed a closer alliance with Godwin's son Harold, who led the army as the king's deputy (he defeated a Welsh incursion in 1055) and whom Edward may have named as heir on his deathbed.

      Warding off political threats, England during the last 15 years of Edward's reign was relatively peaceful. Prosperity was rising as agricultural techniques improved and the population rose to around one million. Taxation was comparatively lightht, as Edward was not an extravagant king and lived off the revenues of his own lands (approximately £5,500 a year) - nor did he have to pay for expensive military campaigns. Deeply religious, Edward was responsible for building Westminster Abbey (in the Norman style) and he was buried there after his death in 1066.
      [2]
    Person ID I2877  Roy~Royes | Hougham
    Last Modified 5 Nov 2015 

    Father Ethelred the Unready, King of England 979-1013,1014-16
              b. Abt 966, Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 23 Apr 1016, Islington, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 50 years) 
    Mother Emma of Normandy
              b. 984, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location
              d. 6 Mar 1052, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Married Jul 1002  Wessex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F997  Family Group  |  Family Chart

    Family Edith, of Wessex
              b. 1025
              d. 18 Dec 1075, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Married 23 Jan 1045 
    Last Modified 5 Nov 2015 09:29:16 
    Family ID F1513  Family Group  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - Abt 1003 - Islip, Oxfordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 5 Jan 1066 - Islington, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - Aft 5 Jan 1066 - Westminster Abbey, Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S101] Emma, the twice-crowned Queen, Isabella Strachan, (Peter Owen Publishers (London: 2004)).

    2. [S54] Official web site of the British Monarchy, Page40.