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Report: Timeline events

         Description: This is a complete list of timeline events. When you select one or more persons in the family tree you can view a timeline appropriate to their time.

Matches 401 to 600 of 1015   » Comma-delimited CSV file

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# evday evmonth evyear evdetail
401 1829  Louis Braille invents braille printing 
402 1829  Andrew Jackson 7th President of the USA 
403 1830  First major cholera epidemic in Europe lasts two years. Deaths: London 6,536; France 100,000 (Paris 20,000). It reached North America by 1834 
404 1830  Free (i.e. not convicts or military) migrants to Australia = 1500, by 1841 = 32,000 
405 26  1830  William IV, ruler of England to 1837. House of Hanover: 3rd son of George III, married Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen 
406 1831  Michael Faraday, in the first in a series of Experimental Researches in Electricity, discovered the means of producing electricity from magnetism, i.e., electromagnetic induction, the generation of an electric field by a changing magnetic field. This is the principle of the dynamo. 
407 1831  Population of England and Wales now 14 million 
408 12  1831  The Baptist War also known as the Christmas Uprising and the Great Jamaican Slave Revolt of 1831-32, was a 10 day rebellion that mobilized as many as 60,000 of Jamaica's 300,000 slave population led by 'native' Baptist preacher, Samuel Sharpe. 
409 12  1831  Major General Sir Richard Bourke appointed Governor of New South Wales to 1837 
410 1832  The first or Great Reform Act (UK) is passed. This climax of a period of political reform extends the vote to a further 500,000 people and redistributes Parliamentary seats on a more equitable basis 
411 1832  Commission created to look into inhumanity of transporting prisoners to the colony of New South Wales, another in 1837, transportation finally stops in 1840 
412 1832  Age of Coal and Iron or The Railway Age threatens British canals and stage coaches
413 1833  Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Empire 
414 1834  Colony of Port Phillip (to become the state of Victoria, Australia) established 
415 1835  Solymon Merrick patents the wrench 
416 1836  English text book reader first published 
417 1836  Boers leave British South Africa in search of independence on Great Trek (to 1840) 
418 1837  A total of nine ships with 636 people arrive in South Australia from London to establish a free colony based on Edward Gibbon Wakefield's theories 
419 1837  Charles Dickens publishes Oliver Twist in serial form, drawing attention to Britain's poor. 
420 1837  Martin van Buren 8th President of the USA 
421 20  1837  Victoria, British Queen at age 16. House of Hanover: Daughter of Edward, 4th son of George III 
422 1837  British births, deaths and marriages must be registered by law 
423 1838  Settlement established at Port Essington (near present day Darwin NT) 
424 1839  William Henry Fox Talbot produces photographs from negatives 
425 1839  Kirkpatrick Macmillan invents the pedal-driven bicycle
426 1839  Charles Goodyear invents rubber vulcanization 
427 1840  Tight-laced corsets, stiff petticoats fashionable 
428 1840  Convicts are still sent to Tasmania at the rate of about 4,000 per year 
429 1840  Treaty of Waitangi made New Zealand a British colony and guaranteed rights for Maoris 
430 10  1840  Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
431 1840  English schoolmaster Rowland Hill's famous pamphlet, Post Office Reform: its Importance and Practicability, was privately circulated in 1837. He proposed a one-penny cost to make the postal service available to everyone, together with the notion of a postage stamp. Both measures were introduced in 1840 and led to a 120% increase in internal mail. 
432 1841  The first British census to record the names of the populace - not just statistics - is undertaken. A boon for genealogists! 
433 1841  Samuel Slocum patents the stapler
434 1841  William Henry Harrison 9th President of the USA. He succumbed to pneumonia exactly one month later. 
435 1841  John Tyler 10th President of the USA. He is the first Vice President to succeed to the presidency due to death of a President. 
436 30  1841  Sir Robert Peel becomes British Prime Minister for the second time 
437 1842  First Christmas card 
438 1842  Hong Kong annexed by UK. Returned to China 150 years later (1997) 
439 1843  Edward Loysel de Santais invents the Espresso machine that impressed visitors to the Paris Exposition of 1855 by producing "two thousand cups of coffee an hour." 
440 1843  Alexander Bain (1818-1903) invented an early fax machine 
441 19  12  1843  Charles John Huffam Dickens publishes A Christmas Carol 
442 1844  Ludwig Leichhardt explores from the Darling Downs, west of Brisbane, to the Gulf of Carpentaria to Port Essington (Darwin) 
443 1844  Samuel Finley Breese Morse demonstrates a telegraph, using a code of his own invention 
444 1844  British Ten Hours Bill limited working hours for women and youths in textile business to 10 hours/day, passes thanks to Lord Shaftesbury's efforts during period to 1847 
445 1845  Irish Potato Famine kills more than a million people (out of 8 million) in two years 
446 1845  Robert William Thomson patents the first vulcanised rubber pneumatic tyre
447 1845  James Polk 11th President of the USA 
448 1846  Dr William Morton, a Massachusetts dentist, is the first to use anaesthesia for tooth extraction. 
449 10  1846  Charles John Huffam Dickens publishes Dombey and Son in monthly parts. See Gillian West's article 'Huffam and Son' that looks at possible parallels with the Huffams and Royes 
450 1847  Levi Strauss produces denim jeans 
451 1847  Jean Pierre Flourens discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform 
452 1847  Hungarian Ignaz Semmelweis invents antiseptics
453 1848  Karl Marx publishes The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital 
454 1848  5000 miles (8047 km) of railway tracks now laid in the UK, 2000 of which were equipped with telegraph wires; Britain now produces about half of world's pig iron, trebles output within 30 years 
455 1849  Walter Hunt invents the safety pin
456 1849  Zachary Taylor 12th President of the USA. Zachary Taylor died while in office. 
457 1849  Charles Dickens produced David Copperfield in serial form 
458 1850  Great Britain becomes the first sizeable country in the world in which more than half of the population lives in cities. 
459 1850  The mid-nineteenth century saw novels published by Dickens, Dumas, Flaubert, Turgenev, Dostoyevsky, Tolstoy 
460 1850  Millard Fillmore 13th President of the USA. Vice President under Zachary Taylor, he was sworn in as President after Taylor's death. 
461 1851  Patent for sewing machine issued to Isaac Singer 
462 1851  British Census shows 10,736,000 females, 8,155,000 of whom were aged 10 and older,
largest occupational groups:
  905,000 domestic service workers
  145,000 washerwomen
  55,000 charwomen (cleaners)
  272,000 in cotton industry
  113,000 in woolen industry
  140,000 in lace, hosiery and linen 
463 1851  David Livingstone's African explorations 
464 1851  Population of Australia rises from 405,000 in 1851 to 1,168,000 in 1861 
465 1851  Victoria becomes a separate colony from New South Wales 
466 1851  Victorian gold rush brings 19,000 immigrants through Melbourne in one month - for the whole year 94,664. Melbourne's population goes from 29,000 (1851) to 123,000 (1854). 
467 10  1851  Paul Julius Reuter opens London "Submarine Telegraph" office just before the opening of the cable in November, and agreed to a contract with the London Stock Exchange to provide stock prices from the continental exchanges in return for access to the London prices, which he supplied to Paris brokers. See also Reuters 
468 11  10  1852  Australia's first university (Sydney) commences classes 
469 1853  Potato crisps invented by a cook named George Crum
470 1853  During the Crimean War Florence Nightingale first recommended the regimen of cleanliness which dramatically reduced the death rate in hospitals 
471 1853  Crimean War begins, as Britain and France attempt to defend European interests in the Middle East against Russia 
472 1853  Franklin Pierce 14th President of the USA. 
473 1854  Australia: The Eureka Rebellion by Victorian gold diggers suppressed 
474 1854  John Tyndall demonstrates the principles of fibre optics
475 1855  The screwdriver come into popular use 
476 1855  Australia - The first Victorian Parliament of two houses - Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. (An appointed Legislative Council had been created in 1840.) 
477 1856  Van Dieman's Land renamed Tasmania  
478 1856  World's first introduction of the secret electoral ballot in Australia. (This system is also known as the "Australian ballot") 
479 1856  Parliament of New South Wales consisting of two houses (Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council) established. (An appointed Legislative Council had been established in 1825.) 
480 1856  British Marriage and Divorce Act permits any man to divorce his wife on grounds of adultery, permits a woman the same but has also to show cruelty or desertion 
481 1856  Louis Pasteur develops pasteurisation 
482 1856  Population of New Zealand rises from less than 60,000 to 350,000 in the period to 1878 
483 29  1856  The Victoria Cross is instituted for military bravery 
484 1857  James Buchanan 15th President of the USA. 
485 1858  Australian Rules football first played 
486 1858  Charles Moncky invents the adjustable "monkey" wrench 
487 1858  Jean Joseph Étienne Lenoir develops the first internal combustion engine
488 1859  Thomas Austin introduces English rabbits to Australia. In the absence of disease and predators, the rabbit population grows to half a billion within a century. 
489 1859  John Stuart Mill publishes On Liberty 
490 1859  Charles Dickens produces A Tale of Two Cities set in London and Paris during the French Revolution 
491 1859  Charles Darwin's book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favored Races in the Struggle for Life asserts that all life had a common ancestor and that the origin of species was by natural selection
492 1859  Queensland established as a separate colony from New South Wales 
493 1860  Joseph Wilson Swan invented the light bulb, an incandescent lamp using a carbon filament. 
494 12  1860  Charles Dickens produces Great Expectations in a weekly series 
495 1861  Australia: First Melbourne Cup 
496 1861  John Stuart Mill publishes Utilitarianism as a series of three articles in Fraser's Magazine. Published as a book in 1861 
497 1861  Women in South Australia first given vote - first place in the world to do so? 
498 1861  Elisha Otis patents safety brakes for lifts (or elevators)
499 1861  Linus Yale invents the Yale pin tumbler lock
500 1861  Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the USA. He is the first US President to be assassinated. 
501 12  1861  American Civil War was a major war between the United States (the "Union") and eleven Southern states which declared that they had a right to secession and formed the Confederate States of America, led by Confederate President Jefferson Davis
502 1862  Louis Pasteur published the germ theory: infection is caused by self-replicating microorganisms, and that attenuated viral cultures granted immunity. These beneficent antigens he named vaccines in honor of Edward Jenner and his vaccinia virus 
503 1863  Queensland, Australia, starts large-scale forced recruitment of kanakas (Pacific Islanders) to work in sugar plantations 
504 1863  The Salvation Army is founded in London by former Methodist preacher William and Catherine Booth as The Christian Mission in London. 
505 1863  First underground railway opens in London 
506 1865  Lewis Carroll publishes Alice's Adventure in Wonderland 
507 11  1865  Abraham Lincoln shot by John Wilkes Booth and dies the next day. The first US President to be assassinated. 
508 15  1865  Andrew Johnson 17th President of the USA. Vice president under Abraham Lincoln, he was sworn in as President upon Lincoln's death. 
509 10  1865  Jamaican Morant Bay rebellion led by George William Gordon and Paul Bogle was brutally repressed and in its wake the island's Assembly renounced its authority and Jamaica became a Crown Colony
510 1866  Afghan camel trains introduced to provide transport services in dry areas of central Australia 
511 1866  Alfred Nobel patented dynamite 
512 1866  J. Osterhoudt patents the tin can with a key opener. 
513 1867  First use of refrigerated railway cars allows long-distance transport of perishables such as meat and dairy. 
514 1867  First independent dominion in the British Empire under the British North America Act 1867 (known as the Constitution Act in Canada) 
515 16  1867  Joseph Lister (hence "listerine"), using carbolic acid as antiseptic and sterilizing his instrument, proved the efficacy of antiseptic surgery 
516 1868  J P Knight invents traffic lights
517 10  1868  Last convict shipment arrived in Western Australia. In all, about 164,000 convicts were transported to the Australian colonies between 1788 and 1868. 
518 1869  General Ulysses Grant 18th President of the USA. 
519 17  11  1869  The Suez Canal is opened 
520 1870  Pyjamas as sleepwear for men adopted 
521 1870  Primary education becomes compulsory in Britain through the Forster-Ripon English Elementary Education Act (but poor children still roam streets after school). The Act means labourers, spouses and children of succeeding generations can read and write; women permitted to sit on school boards 
522 1870  UK Parliament passes the Married Women's Property Act, extending the rights of married women, and the Landlord and Tenant (Ireland) Act 
523 1870  Volume of Britain's external trade equals France, Germany and Italy combined, 3-4 times greater than US; agricultural wages reach height not surpassed for many years 
524 1872  Overland telegraph between Adelaide and Darwin provides first direct news cable between London and Sydney 
525 1872  Secret ballot is introduced for UK elections 
526 1873  World-wide economic depression lasts until 1896 
527 1876  Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone
528 1876  Nicolaus Otto designed the first four-stroke piston engine 
529 1876  Queen Victoria becomes Empress of India
530 1877  First Australia-England cricket match, at the Melbourne Cricket Ground 
531 1877  Britain annexed the Transvaal in South Africa settled by Boers, viewed as an act of aggression from the Boers. This would eventially lead to the First Boer War (1880-81). 
532 1877  Thomas Edison invents the cylinder or tin foil phonograph
533 1877  Rutherford B. Hayes 19th President of the USA. 
534 1878  First Australian telephone line, in Melbourne VIC 
535 1880  The British Perforated Paper Company invents a form of toilet paper
536 11  11  1880  Bushranger Ned Kelly executed in Melbourne VIC 
537 16  12  1880  First Boer War when Britain attempts to annex Transvaal. 
538 1881  First Australia-wide census revealed a population of 2,250,194 
539 1881  Alexander Graham Bell invents the first crude metal detector
540 1881  Edward Leveaux patents the automatic player piano or pianola
541 1881  James Garfield 20th President of the USA. Garfield was wounded by an assassin's bullet on 3 Jul 1881 and died 19 Sep 1881. 
542 19  1881  Chester A. Arthur 21st President of the USA. Vice president under James Garfield, he is sworn in as president upon the death of Garfield. 
543 1882  Refrigerated shipping becomes a commercial success when William Soltau Davidson fitted a compression refrigeration unit to the New Zealand vessel Dunedin in 1882, leading to a meat and dairy boom in Australasia and South America. 
544 1882  Stillwell produces brown paper bag 
545 1882  Invention of the resistively heated electric iron by Henry W. Seeley of New York in 1882. 
546 26  1883  Krakatoa (Indonesia) has one of the most catastrophic eruptions in history. Explosions are heard 2,200 miles (3,541 km) away and spewing ash reaches heights of 50 miles (80 km). 
547 1884  Apples first exported from Tasmania "the apple isle" 
548 1884  Hilaire de Chardonnet invented the first artificial textile, which was made from cellulose. It was later named rayon 
549 1884  One-third of world's shipping is British, including 4/5 of world's steamships 
550 1884  Excess of births over deaths in England is 13.3, in Germany 10.8, and France 1.4. 
551 1884  James Ritty invents the first working, mechanical cash register
552 1884  Lewis Edson Waterman invents the first practical fountain pen
553 10  1884  International Meridian Conference adopted a universal day of 24 hours beginning at Greenwich midnight, but specified that it "shall not interfere with the use of local or standard time where desirable". Nevertheless, most major countries had adopted hourly time zones by 1929. 
554 1885  Karl Benz invents the first practical automobile to be powered by an internal combustion engine
555 1885  Grover Cleveland 22nd President of the USA. He was also the 24th President. 
556 24  1885  Hugh McKay patented the Sunshine Harvester that revolutionised the Australian wheat industry 
557 1886  South Africa - Gold is discovered in the Transvaal 
558 1886  John Pemberton develops Coca-Cola
559 1886  Josephine Cochrane invents the dishwasher
560 1886  3,992,880 migrants leave UK for US,
2,235,671 leave UK for British North America during period to 1927 
561 28  10  1886  Statue of Liberty dedicated 
562 1887  F.E. Muller and Adolph Fick invent the first wearable contact lenses
563 1887  Emile Berliner patents the gramophone 
564 1888  George Eastman received a patent for his hand-held camera which used roll film. At this time he registered the trademark "Kodak" and the Kodak box camera was born! 
565 1888  John Boyd Dunlop patents a commercially successful pneumatic tyre
566 1889  Joshua Pusey develops the matchbook
567 1889  Benjamin Harrison 23rd President of the USA. 
568 31  1889  The Eiffel Tower, designed by French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, is completed for the Paris Exposition
569 1890  Starting this decade, women's clothing becomes less voluminous, lawn tennis takes place of croquet as means of meeting opposite sex, bicycle becomes fashionable.
Items considered luxuries in the UK in 1837 are now common comforts; food, clothing, bedding, furniture are all far more abundant; gas and oil lighting being replaced by electricity; seaside holidays (vacations) no longer rare  
570 1891  William Gray's coin-operated public telephone is produced 
571 1891  Jesse W. Reno develops the escalator
572 1891  Trans-Siberian Railway opened by Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovitch. It runs from Moscow to Vladivostok - 9,288 kilometres (5,772 miles), spanning 8 time zones and taking about 7 days. 
573 1892  Sir James Dewar invents the Dewar flask or vacuum flask
574 1892  Rudolf Diesel invents the diesel-fueled internal combustion engine
575 1893  New Zealand is the first nation to grant women the right to vote, though states in Australia and the USA had already done so - see Timeline of women's suffrage 
576 1893  Whitcomb L. Judson invented the zip to help a friend with a stiff back who could not bend over to do up his shoes 
577 1893  Toasters for bread using electricity were invented by Crompton and Company, Leeds, England 
578 1893  Grover Cleveland 24th President of the USA. His second (non-consecutive) term as President. 
579 1895  Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, using a Crookes' tube, observed a new form of penetrating radiation, which he named X-rays 
580 1895  Guglielmo Marconi sent longwave wireless telegraphic, or radio, signals over a distance of more than a mile 
581 1895  Lumiere Brothers invent a portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe
582 25  1895  Kellogg's Corn Flakes go on sale 
583 1896  Toothpaste in a tube produced 
584 1896  Ebenezer Howard publishes Garden Cities of Tomorrow, forerunner of modern urban planning 
585 1896  First modern Olympic Games, in Athens 
586 1897  William McKinley 25th President of the USA. William McKinley dies in Buffalo, NY, 1901. 
587 1898  Christopher Latham Sholes patented the typewriter. His QWERTY keyboard is still with us today. 
588 1899  In the UK education is now compulsory to age 12. 1 in 8 receives education after age 14 
589 1899  Friedrich Bayer & Co. market Aspirin  
590 11  10  1899  Second Boer War, sparked when Englishman dies in Boer police custody. Scandalous British concentration camps cause many deaths of woman and children 
591 11  1899  Chinese Boxer Rebellion 
592 1900  Max Planck proposes quantum mechanics 
593 1900  Urban use of horses peaks. In London about a million tons of horse manure are removed from the city streets yearly. 
594 1900  Sigmund Freud Publishes The Interpretation of Dreams 
595 1900  The zeppelin airship invented by Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin
596 27  1900  British Labour Party formed 
597 1901  King Camp Gillette invents the double-edged safety razor
598 1901  Guglielmo Marconi sends wireless message from Cornwall, UK, to Newfoundland, Canada, a distance of over 2,000 miles (3220 km) 
599 1901  Satori Kato, a Japanese scientist working in Chicago, invents Instant coffee
600 1901  Vacuum Cleaner invented by Hubert Cecil Booth 

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