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Report: Timeline events

         Description: This is a complete list of timeline events. When you select one or more persons in the family tree you can view a timeline appropriate to their time.


Matches 601 to 800 of 1015   » Comma-delimited CSV file

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# evday evmonth evyear evdetail
601 1901  First Nobel Prizes awarded 
602 1901  Commonwealth of Australia formed from the six colonies Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia 
603 22  1901  Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom etc. to 1910. House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: Eldest son of Queen Victoria (who had reigned for 63 years), married Alexandra, Princess of Denmark
604 14  1901  Theodore Roosevelt 26th President of the US 1901-1909. Vice president under William McKinley, he is sworn in as President upon death of McKinley. 
605 1902  Willis H. Carrier invented the industrial air conditioner 
606 1902  Advent of the Teddy Bear. The name Teddy Bear comes from one of Theodore ("Teddy") Roosevelt's hunting trips, when he refused to shoot a bear cub. 
607 1902  French physicist Georges Claude was the first to apply an electrical discharge to a sealed tube of neon gas to produce a lamp. 
608 1903  First silent films, Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery. A standard film was one reel or 10-15 minutes long. 
609 1903  Louis Blériot flies across the English Channel 
610 1903  Bottle making machinery perfected by Michael J. Owens - See Owens-Illinois
611 11  1903  Mary Anderson invents windshield wipers
612 17  12  1903  Orville and Wilbur Wright achieved flight in a manned, gasoline power-driven, heavier-than-air flying machine at Kitty Hawk NC. 
613 1904  Ice cream cone devised 
614 1904  First telephone answering machine 
615 1904  Teabags invented by Thomas Suillivan. 
616 1904  Sydney's electricity supply officially switched on 
617 1905  Albert Einstein evolved the theory of relativity in On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies
618 1905  Sigmund Freud publishes his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality 
619 1906  World's first feature film The Story of the Kelly Gang was produced in Australia - an unprecedented 70 minutes long (of which only 17 minutes has survived). 
620 18  1906  San Francisco Earthquake - about 3,000 killed, between 225,000 and 300,000 were left homeless out of a population of about 410,000 
621 11  1906  SOS accepted as universal distress signal, and became effective 1 Jul 1908 
622 24  12  1906  First radio program broadcast (AM Radio) 
623 1907  The first piloted helicopter was invented by Paul Cornu
624 10  1907  First telephone call between Sydney and Melbourne 
625 18  10  1907  Second Hague Peace Conference, with an increased focus on naval warfare. The Geneva Protocol, prohibiting the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare, is an addition to the Convention. 
626 1908  Henry Ford created the Model T automobile 
627 1908  UK Old Age Pensions Act passed 
628 1908  William Beveridge commissioned to provide the government with a report that leads to the creation of Labour Exchanges from 1 Feb 1910 and unemployment benefits from 1911. He publishes Unemployment, a Problem of Industry in 1909. 
629 1909  William Taft 27th President of the US 1909-1913. 
630 1909  Robert Peary becomes the first person to reach the North Pole 
631 1910  Contributory National insurance scheme introduced by David Lloyd George, provides medical care, maternity benefits and sick pay in the UK 
632 1910  UK - Infant mortality now 110 per 1000 live births, declines steadily to 24.4 in 1956;
emigration reaches about 464,000/year;
divorces average 823/year, go to 3,619/year in 1920-1922, 7,955/year in 1939 (latter rise because willful desertion, cruelty and incurable insanity added to causes in 1937) 
633 1910  Mary Phelps Jacob develops the modern form of the bra by using two silk handkerchiefs together with some pink ribbon and cord. 
634 1910  George V, ruler of England to 1936. House of Windsor (name adopted Jul 17, 1917): 2nd son of Edward VII, married Princess Mary of Teck
635 31  1910  Formation of Union of South Africa. The previously separate colonies became Provinces - the Cape, Natal, Transvaal and the Orange Free State. 
636 1911  Australia introduces compulsory voting 
637 1911  Charles Franklin Kettering invents the all-electric starting, ignition, and lighting system for automobiles, first incorporated in the 1912 Cadillac. 
638 10  10  1911  The Chinese Revolution 
639 14  12  1911  Norwegian Roald Amundsen reaches the South Pole 
640 15  1912  The sinking of the RMS Titanic on her maiden voyage: 1,515 people lose their lives. 
641 1913  First assembly line introduced in Ford automobile factory 
642 1913  Leo Baekeland invented a plastic laminate, known as Bakelite, and later as Formica 
643 1913  Gideon Sundback invents the modern zipper
644 1913  Woodrow Wilson 28th President of the US
645 21  12  1913  Arthur Wynne, a Liverpool (UK) journalist, published a "word-cross" puzzle in the New York World that became known as a crossword puzzle
646 1914  World War I, because Germany violates a treaty to respect neutrality of Belgium; Turkey enters war on Germany's side 
647 15  1914  Panama Canal, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, officially opened 
648 1914  Charlie Chaplin first appeared as the Little Tramp 
649 1915  Second Battle of Ypres was the first time Germany used poison gas on a large scale 
650 1915  RMS Lusitania sunk by German U-boat, killing 1198 of the 1959 people on board. . The sinking turned sentiments in neutral nations against Germany and helped provoke the United States into entering the war. 
651 1916  Battle of the Somme - one of the largest battles of World War 1. 
652 1916  Battle of Verdun - one of the most important battles in World War I on the Western Front 
653 1916  First self-service grocery store opens 
654 1916  Rustless steel, later to be called stainless steel, invented by Henry Brearly
655 24  1916  Easter Rising - Irish Volunteers (later Irish Republican Army) proclaim Irish Republic 
656 25  1916  ANZAC Day first observed in Australia and New Zealand 
657 1917  The United States joined World War I on the side of the Triple Entente 
658 1917  First Pulitzer Prizes awarded, courtesy of a legacy provided by Hungarian migrant Joseph Pulitzer
659 17  1917  King George V adopts Windsor as Royal family's English surname in place of family's German name 
660 25  10  1917  Bolshevik revolution installs a new government headed by Vladimir Lenin, first head of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic
661 11  1917  Balfour Declaration promises Jews home in Palestine 
662 20  11  1917  First use of massed tanks (Battle of Cambrai
663 1918  Wrist watch gains in popularity 
664 1918  Spanish Flu epidemic caused 40 million deaths 1918-20. The close quarters and mass movement of troops quickened its spread. 
665 1918  UK Representation of the People Act extended vote to men over 21 and women over 30 (complete voting equality with men comes in 1928) 
666 17  1918  Russian Czar Nicholas II and his family are executed by the Bolsheviks
667 11  1918  Kaiser William II abdicates, peace signed two days later (11 Nov) at Treaty of Versailles, ending World War I
Final military casualties for World War I
killed 9,911,000
missing 7,750,000
wounded 21,219,500 
668 1919  The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (ratified 16 Jan) and the Volstead Act (28 Oct) establish Prohibition in the USA 
669 12  1919  First woman in the British House of Commons, American born Nancy Astor 
670 1920  Growth in picture theatres/cinemas - by 1929, 3,000 cinemas in Britain
 
671 1920  The Band-Aid invented by Earle Dickson 
672 22  1920  Australian Country Party officially formed - became the National Country Party in 1975 and the National Party in 1982 
673 16  11  1920  QANTAS (Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services) established in Winton in western Queensland 
674 23  12  1920  New Government of Ireland Act proposes partition of Ireland into Northern and Southern Ireland, each to have its own government - even though Sinn Féin had won the majority of Irish seats in the 1918 election and declared the Irish Republic covering the whole of Ireland. 
675 1921  Tuberculosis vaccine developed at the Pasteur Institute after 16 years work 
676 1921  John Larson, a University of California medical student, developed the modern lie detector (polygraph), used by police since 1924. 
677 1921  Warren Harding 29th President of the US. He died of an embolism in San Francisco
678 12  1921  Amateur radio operators are credited with the discovery of long distance shortwave communication in the shortwave bands when successful transatlantic tests were conducted. 
679 1922  First QANTAS scheduled passenger flight from Charleville to Cloncurry in western Queensland 
680 11  1922  The first insulin injection administered - developed by Sir Frederick Grant Banting and his graduate student Charles Best 
681 1922  The Reader's Digest is first published 
682 1922  Joseph Stalin made General Secretary / First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union 
683 27  1922  The earliest confirmed 3-D film shown to a paying audience was The Power of Love, which premiered at the Ambassador Hotel Theater in Los Angeles - required spectacles with one red and one green lens. 
684 18  10  1922  British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins public radio transmission 
685 31  10  1922  Benito Mussolini is prime minister and dictator of Italy 
686 12  1922  Irish Free State established 
687 1923  Credit card introduced in USA by hotels, service stations 
688 1923  Radio broadcasts began in Australia 
689 1923  The word robot appears. May derive from Czech robota = compulsory labour 
690 1923  Kodak introduces home movie equipment using 16mm format, which becomes the non-professional standard 
691 1923  John Harwood, a watch repairer from the Isle of Man, patents the self-winding wrist watch
692 13  1923  Vegemite introduced to Australia and New Zealand 
693 1923  Calvin Coolidge 30th President of the US 1921-1929. Vice President under Warren Harding
694 1924  Clarence Birdseye develops quick freezing of food products. 
695 21  1924  Vladimir Ilich Lenin died at Gorki, near Moscow. 
696 22  1924  First UK Labour government, headed by Ramsay MacDonald 
697 25  1924  First Olympic Winter Games at Chamonix, France 
698 1925  Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf 
699 10  1925  John Logie Baird successfully transmitted the first television picture in his laboratory. 
700 1926  A.A. Milne publishes Winnie-the-Pooh, translated into many languages including Latin! 
701 1926  Imperial Conference sets stage for colonies and dominions to become independent sovereign states in the British Commonwealth of Nations 
702 1927  The Jazz Singer, a musical film, is the first feature-length motion picture with synchronized dialogue sequences. 
703 1928  Rev John Flynn starts Aerial Medical Service (later the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia) at Cloncurry, in north-west Queensland 
704 1928  The Cavalier is the first Technicolor sound film - a Western. 
705 1928  First edition of the Oxford English Dictionary published - the most successful dictionary of the English language 
706 1928  Penicillin developed by Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming, Australian Howard Florey and German-born British biochemist Ernst Boris Chain
707 15  1928  Mickey Mouse's first appearance in Plane Crazy 
708 31  1928  Charles Kingsford Smith in the Southern Cross flies across the Pacific Ocean from Oakland, California to Brisbane, Queensland in 8 days 
709 25  1928  A car radio named "Motorola" is produced by Galvin Manufacturing Corporation, which eventually changed its name to Motorola. 
710 1929  Pedal wireless developed by the Australian Inland Mission for communication in remote communities 
711 1929  Frank Whittle designed a turbo-jet. Independently, Hans von Ohain put together the same combination in 1935 
712 1929  Herbert Hoover 31st President of the US 1929-1933. 
713 24  10  1929  Black Thursday marks the start of the Wall Street stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange. This is generally accepted as marking the start of the worldwide Great Depression that lasted until 1932. 
714 1930  World population passes two billion
715 1930  "Scotch tape" patented by 3M engineer Richard G. Drew. 
716 12  1930  Mahatma Gandhi begins the Salt Satyagraha or Salt March, an act of non-violent protest against the British salt tax. 
717 1931  The Empire State Building, the world's tallest building for over 40 years, opened in New York 
718 1932  Éamon de Valera is first President of the Executive Council (Prime Minister) of Irish Free State, ousts the British Governor-General, abolishes senate, alters law re citizenship to distinguish Irish nationality from British, but still claims Commonwealth membership. He is then (29 Dec 1937) Taoiseach, then after a seventeen month break (19 Feb 1948-25 Jun 1973), President of Ireland
719 19  1932  The Sydney Harbour Bridge opened, having been under construction from 1923. 
720 1932  The Australian Broadcasting Commission (ABC) founded 
721 30  1933  Adolf Hitler is first Chancellor, then on 2 Aug 1934, Führer and Chancellor of Germany. 
722 1933  Franklin Roosevelt 32nd President of the US
723 1934  Regular airmail services between Australia and England begin 
724 1934  Konrad Zuse built a series of computers, Z1 through Z4, utilizing binary arithmetic and stored programs. Along the way he invented the first programming language and began to analyze methods by which a computer could play chess. 
725 1934  Introduction of the modern comic book format with Famous Funnies 
726 1934  S. Joseph Begun produces the first tape recorder for broadcasting - first magnetic recording. 
727 1935  The first canned beer
728 1935  First successful three-color roll film available to amateur photographers as Kodachrome. Kodacolor for prints appears in 1942. 
729 1935  Parker Brothers produces the board game Monopoly - the game can be traced back to the early 1900s. 
730 1935  John Maynard Keynes suggests new economic theory known as Keynesian economics
731 28  1935  Wallace Carothers at DuPont Labs produces a thermoplastic material that is named nylon 
732 20  1936  Edward VIII becomes King of Great Britain, etc.. House of Windsor: eldest son of George V. Abdicated amid public controversy in regard to his proposed marriage to a divorcee Mrs Wallis Simpson. 
733 17  1936  The Phantom makes his first appearance in US newspapers 
734 1936  XI Olympiad: 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. (Decision was made in April, 1931 before the Nazi Party came to power.) Hitler saw the Olympics as a golden opportunity to promote Nazi ideology. 
735 11  1936  BBC starts regularly scheduled television broadcasts 
736 11  12  1936  George VI King of Great Britain etc. House of Windsor: succeeded his brother Edward VIII. Married to Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900-2002) 
737 1937  The photocopier invented. 
738 1937  Hindenburg airship crash - 36 people killed. 
739 28  1937  Neville Chamberlain UK Prime Minister. He follows a policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany. 
740 1937  Aviator Amelia Earhart disappears over central Pacific Ocean. 
741 29  12  1937  Irish Free State becomes Republic of Ireland/Éire. (Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom) 
742 1938  The ballpoint pen invented by László Bíró
743 1938  Nescafé produces instant coffee
744 1938  First Superman comic book produced 
745 1938  British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain returns from the Munich Agreement and announces: "My good friends, for the second time in our history a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time." 
746 30  10  1938  Radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells about an invasion of Earth by Martians causes panic in the US. 
747 11  1938  "Kristallnacht" (The Night of Broken Glass): Jewish homes and shops ransacked, as German civilians and stormtroopers destroyed buildings with sledgehammers, leaving the streets covered in smashed windows. Jews were beaten to death; 30,000 Jewish men were taken to concentration camps; and 1,668 synagogues ransacked with 267 set on fire. 
748 11  1939  Pan American World Airways begins first scheduled flights across the Atlantic, from New York, USA to Southampton, England. 
749 1939  World War II - begins when Germany invades Poland. Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan vs. Major Allied Powers: Great Britain, France, and Russia. 
750 14  1939  Igor Sikorsky develops the single-rotor Vought-Sikorsky helicopter.The VS-300 was not the first successful rotary-wing aircraft to fly, but it was the first of the single-rotor configuration that became the world standard. 
751 1940  Nylon stockings marketed 
752 10  1940  Winston Churchill Prime Minister of the UK following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain  
753 22  1940  Dunkirk evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force. 
754 10  1940  Battle of Britain - the name commonly given to the effort by the German Luftwaffe to gain air superiority over the Royal Air Force (RAF) prior to a planned sea and airborne invasion of Britain. 
755 27  1940  A Wild Hare is released, introducing Bugs Bunny
756 1940  London Blitz - sustained bombing of the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany 
757 1941  Joseph Stalin Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR (referred to as Premier of the Soviet Union in English) 
758 1941  Siege of Leningrad is arguably the second most lethal battle in history - 1,500,000 killed, both military and civilian. 
759 12  1941  Japanese attack Pearl Harbor draws the US officially into World War II. 
760 1942  John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry built the first automatic electronic digital computer, a special-purpose machine that has come to be called the Atanasoff-Berry Computer. 
761 15  1942  Fall of Singapore to Japanese - 130,000 British prisoners of war including nearly 15,000 from Australia's 8th Division 
762 1942  Battle of the Coral Sea in the Pacific war was the first fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other. It was also the first naval battle in history in which neither side's ships sighted or fired directly upon the other. The Japanese abandoned their attempt to land troops to take Port Moresby, New Guinea. 
763 1943  Willem Kolff developed the first functioning artificial kidney. In 1945 he was first able to save a patient's life with hemodialysis treatment. 
764 1944  D-Day landings begin the Battle of Normandy 
765 12  1945  Harry Truman 33rd President of the US
766 1945  Victory in Europe (VE) Day - Germany surrenders 
767 1945  Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and, three days later, Nagasaki, effectively ending World War II 
768 15  1945  World War 2 - VP (Victory in the Pacific) Day 
769 24  10  1945  United Nations Organisation founded 
770 1946  First synthetic laundry detergent 
771 1946  The microwave oven invented. 
772 1946  Dead Sea scrolls (972 documents), of great religious and historical significance, discovered over ten years in caves near Qumran 
773 1946  The modern bikini was introduced by French engineer(!) Louis Réard and fashion designer Jacques Heim at a fashion show at Piscine Molitor in Paris. 
774 20  10  1946  Nuremburg war crime trials 
775 1948  First Australian designed and manufactured car - the Holden 
776 1948  After World War II, Australia launched a massive immigration program, believing that Australia must "populate or perish." Hundreds of thousands of displaced Europeans migrated to Australia and over 1,000,000 British Citizens immigrated under the Assisted Migration Scheme, colloquially becoming known as Ten Pound Poms
777 30  1948  Mahatma Gandhi assassinated in India 
778 14  1948  State of Israel proclaimed 
779 1949  George Orwell publishes Nineteen Eighty-Four which tells the story of Winston Smith and his degradation by the totalitarian state in which he lives. 
780 1949  Lego inter-locking toy bricks first introduced 
781 1950  Australia commits troops to the Malayan emergency  
782 1950  First modern credit card (Diners Club) introduced in the US 
783 1950  US Senator Joseph McCarthy begins anti-communist crusade which was referred to as "McCarthyism"  
784 25  1950  Korean War: United Nations force from 16 countries and South Korea vs. North Korea and China. Nominal Roll of Australian Veterans of the Korean War website 
785 10  1950  "Peanuts" cartoon produced through to 13 Feb 2000  
786 1951  Chrysler Corporation introduced the first commercially available power steering system on the Chrysler Imperial under the name Hydraguide. Power steering had been invented in the 1920s by Francis W. Davis and George Jessup.  
787 1951  Australia, New Zealand and the US sign the ANZUS Treaty military alliance  
788 26  10  1951  Winston Churchill is again UK Prime Minister 
789 1952  Polio vaccine first tested by Jonas Salk  
790 1952  Death of King George VI. His elder daughter Elizabeth becomes Elizabeth II, Queen of of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth  
791 25  11  1952  "The Mousetrap" opened in London. It is the world's longest-running play.  
792 1953  Irish dramatist Samuel Beckett's "Waiting for Godot" debuts in Paris  
793 1953  University of Cambridge researchers James D. Watson and Francis Crick suggested what is now accepted as the first accurate model of DNA structure  
794 1953  What was probably the first transistorized portable radio exhibited at the Düsseldorf Radio fair. 
795 20  1953  Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes 34th President of the United States 
796 1953  Joseph Stalin dies  
797 29  1953  Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay are the first to reach the summit of Mount Everest  
798 1954  Smoking and lung cancer related according to the British Doctors Study, confirming the research of Dr Richard Doll some four years earlier. 
799 1954  Queen Elizabeth II is the first reigning monarch to visit New Zealand and Australia 
800 1954  The first kidney transplants are conducted in Boston and Paris 


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